H+E, Waste/Stuff 2011

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Slides for a discussion on waste (food, MSW, electronic, etc.).

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H+E, Waste/Stuff 2011

  1. 1. Food Waste
  2. 2. 96,000,000,000pounds of food disposedof every year in the US Food Politics
  3. 3. “The US wastes40% of all foodproduced per year.” GOOD.is http://www.good.is/post/the-u-s-wastes-40-percent-of-all- food-produced-per-year-how-about-we-stop-doing-that/
  4. 4. “...if you never teachyour children to be alone,they can only be lonely.”http://articles.latimes.com/2011/mar/05/science/la-sci-sherry-turkle-20110305/2
  5. 5. If you do not teachpeople how to consume,they will only be consumed.
  6. 6. “Retail Therapy” Sandra Lee-Takei Miriam Olivera
  7. 7. Waste
  8. 8. In nature,there is no waste.
  9. 9. Nature’s MostAmazing EventsBBC, 2009
  10. 10. Figure 38.9
  11. 11. Where does it come from?How is it made?How do you use it?How much? How often?How do you think about it?How can you think about it?
  12. 12. Where does it come from?How is it made?Where does it go?
  13. 13. Assignment
  14. 14. For one dayor one week,keep(track of)your trash
  15. 15. Kinds of Waste
  16. 16. IndustrialMunicipalMedicalElectronic
  17. 17. Industrial Waste
  18. 18. In the US 7,600,000,000 tons per year (EPA) 13,000,000,000 tons per year (other sources)not including agricultural waste or greenhouse gasesand other pollution
  19. 19. modern production is atake-make-waste system
  20. 20. take-make-forsake
  21. 21. Designis theProblem
  22. 22. MunicipalSolid Waste
  23. 23. 3 Major Components
  24. 24. InorganicsFood scraps, yard wasteand other biodegradablesManufactured productsand their packaging
  25. 25. In the US tons 254,000,000 of MSW pounds = 4.6 per person per dayin 2007
  26. 26. In part because our stuffis “designed to be wasted.”
  27. 27. Designis theProblem
  28. 28. In the US74% of our waste was products and packagingin 2005
  29. 29. In the US150,000,000,000 single-use beverage containers 320,000,000 take-out cupsevery day
  30. 30. ElectronicWaste
  31. 31. Assignment
  32. 32. After Dump,What Happens ToElectronic Waste? http://www.npr.org/2010/12/21/132204954/ after-dump-what-happens-to-electronic-waste
  33. 33. In the US 400,000,000 products per year 4,000,000,000 pounds in 2005
  34. 34. In the US 85% in landfills 12.5%shipped overseas] [80% recycled
  35. 35. Top sources/reasons cell phone upgrades Digital TV conversion Software upgrades Battery can’t be changed Cheap printers
  36. 36. WasteManagement
  37. 37. “...waste is supportedwith community servicesthat are more universal,more affordable andmore accessible thanhealth care, housing, oreducation.”
  38. 38. But it’s not supported well.
  39. 39. What happens to trash?
  40. 40. Sesame Street:Keep on Truckin’
  41. 41. Bury it.Burn it.Ship it.
  42. 42. Landfillsbad for land, water and air
  43. 43. Leachate
  44. 44. Collection required by theResource Conservationand Recovery Act http://water.epa.gov/scitech/ wastetech/guide/landfills/landfact.cfm
  45. 45. But landfills leakhttp://www.zerowasteamerica.org/landfills.htm
  46. 46. Methane and other VOCs
  47. 47. Landfill gasabout 50% methanemade up 23% of methaneemissions in 2007
  48. 48. Why methane?
  49. 49. Decompositionin landfills occurs viaanaerobic respiration
  50. 50. Anaerobic: C02 to CH4Aerobic: 02 to H2O
  51. 51. Burn landfill gas for energy?
  52. 52. No! But we already do.
  53. 53. Point-SourcePollution
  54. 54. Pollution from asingle, identifiable,localized source
  55. 55. The term "point source" means any discernible,confined and discrete conveyance, includingbut not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel,tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container,rolling stock, concentrated animal feedingoperation, or vessel or other floating craft, fromwhich pollutants are or may be discharged. http://www.epa.gov/ owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  56. 56. LandfillsIncineratorsPower plantsWastewater treatment facilitiesIndustrial sitesFactory farms
  57. 57. Nonpoint-SourcePollution
  58. 58. Nonpoint-SourcePollution
  59. 59. “...generally results fromland runoff, precipitation,atmospheric deposition,drainage, seepage orhydrologic modification.” http://www.epa.gov/ owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  60. 60. “NPS pollution is caused byrainfall or snowmelt moving overand through the ground.As the runoff moves, it picks upand carries away natural andhuman-made pollutants, finallydepositing them into lakes,rivers, wetlands, coastal watersand ground waters.” http://www.epa.gov/ owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  61. 61. Agricultural areasrunoff, livestock wasteResidential areasstreets, parking lots, roads, lawnsMining areas
  62. 62. Compostreduce leachate,eliminate methane
  63. 63. Recycling
  64. 64. Recycling plastics is reallydowncycling
  65. 65. RethinkProduction
  66. 66. Newton Running
  67. 67. Hi Albert,Thanks for your message, and Im glad to know youre a Newton Runner.We do partner with a non-profit, called One World Running, which is anentirely volunteer-operated organization that collects gently usedshoes and distributes them to needy children and adults all aroundthe world. To keep your old shoes out of a landfill, just send them to:One World Runningc/o Newton Running Warehouse and Distribution Center3655 Frontier Ave.Boulder, CO 80301I hope this helps-- please let me know if you have additional questionsor concerns. Take care and run strong.
  68. 68. Simple Shoes Who We Are With all the over-built, over-hyped products out there, its pretty hard to find sustainable shoes that you can live with. So we started Simple, your stereotypical, anti-stereotype brand offering good shoes and a big dose of reality. About a gazillion pairs later... give or take a few... weve managed to learn a few things. Well, actually a lot of things. And none more important than this: HOW we make our shoes is just as important as WHY we make them. That means finding more sustainable ways of doing business so we can make a gazillion more. Which pretty much is where we are today... at the crossroads of here and now, aware of our responsibility to the planet while trying to pay the bills. The nice little shoe company getting in touch with its inner hippie.
  69. 69. Simple Shoes
  70. 70. CradletoCradleDesign
  71. 71. Reframing production
  72. 72. biological nutrientsbiodegradable, organic materialstechnical nutrientsinorganic or synthetic materials
  73. 73. C2C Certification
  74. 74. Product/material transparency andhuman & environmental healthcharacteristicsProduct/material reusabilityProduction energyWater use in manufacturingSocial fairness
  75. 75. Stop making“monstrous hybrids”
  76. 76. Ford Model U
  77. 77. Ford Model USoy-based foam in seatsSunflower-seed-based lubricants100%-recyclable polyesterBioplastic roofModular manufacturing
  78. 78. http://www.good.is/post/ecovative-design-partners-with-ford-to-develop-mushroom-based-car-parts/
  79. 79. RethinkConsumption
  80. 80. Freecycle.org
  81. 81. RethinkOwnership
  82. 82. meshing.it
  83. 83. CollaborativeConsumption
  84. 84. weconomy
  85. 85. accessover ownership
  86. 86. reconomy
  87. 87. Zero Waste
  88. 88. Preventing waste
  89. 89. Reducing consumption and discardsReusing discardsExtended producer responsibilityComprehensive recyclingComprehensive compostingCitizen participationBan incinerationImprove product designEffective policies, regulations, incentives, etc.
  90. 90. True Cost
  91. 91. Prices we pay do not reflectthe costs inflicted upon peopleand ecosystems
  92. 92. impacts onhuman, animal and ecosystemhealth
  93. 93. $6

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