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  • Anti NAIS

    1. 1. National Animal Identification System (NAIS)
    2. 2. National Animal Identification System: History <ul><li>1980s: Industry discussions begin to take shape </li></ul><ul><li>1994: National symposium on plans for an electronic national ID system </li></ul><ul><li>2002: National Institute of Animal Agriculture, declares that animal ID is a “problem” </li></ul><ul><li>NIAA is a trade organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agribusinesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State bureaucracies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large breed and trade associations </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. NIAA brings in the USDA <ul><li>US Department of Agriculture and working groups spent 3 years developing a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Published in the Federal Register in 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Premises Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan to be implemented by the states </li></ul>
    4. 4. Animal Identification <ul><li>Internationally-unique 15 digit number </li></ul><ul><li>Each animal to be individually identified when they leave their premises of origin </li></ul><ul><li>Group ID will only apply to poultry and swine, and only if they are managed as a group from birth to death and not commingled with other animals </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic identification – Radio Frequency Identification Devices and microchips </li></ul>
    5. 5. Animal Tracking <ul><li>Will have to report to a database within 24 hours after any “event”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal moved onto the premises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal moved off the premises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag applied, lost tag, replaced tag or re-tagged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaughtered or died of natural causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal missing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Sightings” – such as by a veterinarian </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Opposition rose as more people became aware of the expense, intrusiveness and security issues of NAIS The USDA responded with a new document: A User Guide And Additional Information Resources Draft Version November 2006
    7. 7. A State - Federal - Industry Partnership <ul><li>The NAIS is a Voluntary Program </li></ul><ul><li>The November 2006 User Guide is the most current plan for NAIS and replaces all previously published program documents, including the 2005 Draft Strategic Plan and Draft Program Standards and the 2006 Implementation Strategies. </li></ul>
    8. 8. If it replaces all previous documents, why was it not published in the Federal Register?
    9. 9. “ NAIS is a voluntary program <ul><li>at the Federal level ” </li></ul>
    10. 10. What they neglect to tell you <ul><li>It may become mandatory at the state level . </li></ul><ul><li>They are encouraging states to implement NAIS through Cooperative Agreements (grants). </li></ul>
    11. 11. Costs of Participating in the NAIS <ul><li>Premises registration is free in all States and participating Tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>NAIS participants will have the opportunity to choose which animal identification devices and which database they wish to use. (Participants should check with their respective State for the various options.) </li></ul><ul><li>Participants will pay the cost of the animal identification devices and any fees that may be associated with participating in a database. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Costs of Participating in the NAIS (cont) <ul><li>The cost of animal identification methods will vary among species and will also depend on the device chosen by the animal owner, as well as whether the owner or a veterinarian applies the device. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost will also be determined by the services that may be packaged with the device. </li></ul>
    13. 13. What will the NAIS cost us? The USDA has NOT done a cost/benefit analysis!
    14. 14. Costs for Cattle <ul><li>Australian Beef Association: $37-$40/head </li></ul><ul><li>(they were initially told costs would be $7.50/head, the USDA claims $2-3/head) </li></ul><ul><li>British Parliamentary report: $69/head </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian estimates as high as $60/head </li></ul>
    15. 15. Why are the actual costs so high? <ul><li>Microchips and RFID tags are NOT the only cost! </li></ul><ul><li>Scanners/readers </li></ul>
    16. 16. Other Related Costs <ul><li>Labor for tagging and tracking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do it yourself (time away from other farm chores) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract with companies to do it for you </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computers, software, internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Fees for database (initial entry & tracking) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the database fees? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA says “competition will keep costs down” but…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The USDA has not done a cost/benefit analysis </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Other Related Costs (cont) <ul><li>Government bureaucracy (Britain has 700 bureaucrats policing their system) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How many new state and federal jobs will be needed for our much larger system ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Millions of animals will be tracked, with hundreds of millions of movements. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How many man hours will it take to enter this data AND monitor the system? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These costs may be hidden in a variety of ways, but WE and the CONSUMER will end up paying for them. </li></ul><ul><li>The USDA has not done a cost/benefit analysis </li></ul>
    18. 18. CATTLE INDUSTRY WORKING GROUP REPORT <ul><li>Reporting Cattle Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Reportable commingling includes, but is not limited to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>commercial trucks or trailers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>joint grazing agreements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>livestock markets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exhibitions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rodeos </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. CATTLE INDUSTRY WORKING GROUP REPORT <ul><li>Reporting Cattle Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Officially identified animals that die on-farm or ranch must be reported. </li></ul><ul><li>Officially identified farm or ranch “deads” that go to rendering must be reported. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The render, being the receiving premises is responsible for reporting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producers may anticipate animals of origin moved direct to rendering may be required to be officially identified as a condition of acceptance . </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Scanners for Cattle <ul><li>Allflex Compact Reader     </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: </li></ul><ul><li>The Allflex Compact Reader allows the user to verify a tag number. It has no RS232 port and simply displays the tag number on the reader screen. $210.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Allflex Rapid Charger   </li></ul><ul><li>$268.80 </li></ul>
    21. 21. Scanners for Cattle <ul><li>Destron® Universal Livestock Reader   </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 11785 compliant low cost and rugged portable reader. This reader is ideal for low volume manual scanning operations or as a backup to an automated system. Need a laptop computer. </li></ul><ul><li>$850.00 </li></ul>
    22. 22. Scanners for Cattle <ul><li>Farnam LTS Wand Reader    </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Lets you count cattle anywhere they roam without being tied to your desktop computer, laptop or PDA. Holds over 98,000 records! </li></ul><ul><li>Farnam LTS Display Wand Reader </li></ul><ul><li>$1,362.50 </li></ul><ul><li>USB Bluetooth Adapter </li></ul><ul><li>$75.00 </li></ul>
    23. 23. Scanners for Cattle <ul><li>Destron Walk-Thru Reader  </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Will read all ISO compliant RFID tags when used with a Destron Technologies reader FS2001-ISO. </li></ul><ul><li>Destron Walk-Thru Reader </li></ul><ul><li>$4,000.00 </li></ul><ul><li> Price does not include cables, wiring, etc. </li></ul>
    24. 24. How well do these scanners function at cold temperatures? <ul><li>Most either not tested or listed to function at temperatures of 32°F and above </li></ul><ul><li>Destron Walk-Thru Reader listed to function at minimum temperature of -13°F </li></ul><ul><li>Reality – many of us will not be able to use scanners/readers during the winter months. </li></ul><ul><li>Will we then be non-compliant with NAIS? </li></ul>
    25. 25. Cost Estimates for RFID System for Cattle Cost estimate by: Kevin Dhuyvetter, Agricultural Economist Kansas State University
    26. 26. Cost Estimates for RFID System for Feedlot Cattle Cost estimate by: Kevin Dhuyvetter, Agricultural Economist Kansas State University
    27. 27. The majority of the costs will be born by the small farmer. <ul><li>Less than 100 cows = estimated annual cost of $37/cow </li></ul><ul><li>Feedlot operator who moves 50,000 cows/year = estimated annual cost of $2.15/cow </li></ul>
    28. 28. Microchips for Horse ID
    29. 29. AVID Equine Microchip <ul><li>Used for many years to identify horses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect against theft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rescue organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small number of breed registries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some disciplines (e.g.: endurance riders) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contains ID number only. </li></ul><ul><li>Is NOT reprogrammable. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data cannot be changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is secure - cannot be infected with virus’, etc. </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Costs of CURRENT Technology <ul><li>EquineChip AND Lifetime HORSEtrac Membership </li></ul><ul><li>$30.00 per kit </li></ul><ul><li>EquineChips AND Lifetime HORSEtrac™ Memberships (25-Pack) </li></ul><ul><li>$543.75 per 25-Pack or 21.75 per kit </li></ul><ul><li>AVID® Sterile EquineChips (25-Packs) Does NOT include entry into database </li></ul><ul><li>$243.75 per 25-Pack or 9.75 per chip </li></ul>
    31. 31. Bulk Microchips <ul><li>Bulk EquineChips </li></ul><ul><li>Does NOT include entry into database $173.75 per cartridge of 25 or 6.95 per chip </li></ul><ul><li>AND you need… </li></ul>
    32. 32. <ul><li>Bulk Syringe-Implanter </li></ul><ul><li>$7.50 each </li></ul><ul><li>Extra needles </li></ul><ul><li>$2.00 each </li></ul>
    33. 33. Scanners
    34. 34. Simple Mini Scanners <ul><li>MiniTracker™ Multi-Scan 125 Scanner </li></ul><ul><li>$299.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Records horse ID number ONLY. </li></ul><ul><li>NO interface with computer/internet </li></ul>
    35. 35. Scanner with Computer Interface <ul><li>PowerTracker™ II Scanner </li></ul><ul><li>$1025.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Spare Battery </li></ul><ul><li>$45.00 </li></ul>
    36. 36. What is the HORSEtrac™ database? <ul><li>Designed to record microchip ID number, horse and owner information to protect against theft. </li></ul><ul><li>Operators on duty 24/7 to notify various organizations of “missing” horse. </li></ul><ul><li>Will verify actual owner for horse purchased at sales/auctions and for insurance claims. </li></ul><ul><li>Current system does NOT track horse movements. </li></ul><ul><li>Current microchips are NOT compliant with the ESWG recommendations. </li></ul>
    37. 37. How much does it cost to register my horse in HORSEtrac™? <ul><li>There is a one-time membership fee of $15.00 to enroll a horse for life into the recovery network. There are no yearly or renewal fees. </li></ul><ul><li>If you move or change any of your registered information, there is a $6.00 fee . </li></ul>
    38. 38. Equine Species Working Group 2004 – 2005 Recommendations
    39. 39. 6. Which premises should be identified? <ul><li>Initially, facilities with more than X? horses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breeding Farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Racetracks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse Auctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quarantine Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riding & Boarding Stables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equine Research Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rodeo Arenas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse Show Grounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eventually, all premises where horses are maintained??? </li></ul>
    40. 40. 7. What movements need to be tracked and recorded? <ul><li>Interstate Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>When Health Certificates are required. </li></ul><ul><li>When horses go to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racetracks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse Shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse Auctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trail Rides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rodeos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arena Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary Clinics </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. Cost Estimates for NAIS for Horses using the existing AVID ID and HORSEtrac™ software fees <ul><li>Single microchip kit WITH enrollment in database = $30 </li></ul><ul><li>25 pack kit WITH enrollment in database = $21.75 per horse </li></ul><ul><li>Vet fees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most report total vet cost at $75 - $150 </li></ul></ul>
    42. 42. Cost Estimates for Tracking Horses <ul><li>Current AVID fee to change information in database is $6 </li></ul><ul><li>Using this figure as a guide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse leaves premises = $6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse returns to premises = $6 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you travel 40 times in a year to shows, training clinics, rodeos, etc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80 reportable “movements” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost = $480 per horse per year in addition to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>travel expenses (fuel, tolls, motels, etc) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>show fees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stabling fees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>If you stop anywhere else it will be 2 or more reportable “movements” (arrives/leaves) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overnight stabling off show grounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each additional show on that trip </li></ul></ul>
    43. 43. Other Costs That Will Rise <ul><li>Due to cost of computers, internet access and labor costs for tracking: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training clinics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group trail rides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boarding facility rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training facility rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary hospitals/clinics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stud fees (if taken to stallion station) </li></ul></ul>
    44. 44. How many smaller/schooling shows, training clinics and group trail rides will close because of these costs? It will impact EVERY horse owner!
    45. 45. Equine Species Working Group 2006 Recommendations <ul><li>Made after public outcry to the American Horse Council regarding the tremendous burden this would place on horse owners, trainers, boarding and show facilities…. </li></ul>
    46. 46. ESWG Movement Recommendation <ul><li>Rely on current regulatory mechanisms in place for horses that move. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brand Inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VS-127 Permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Certificate of Veterinary Inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional reporting mechanism would be heavy burden on horse owners or premises managers/owners </li></ul>
    47. 47. Problem: <ul><li>These are “recommendations” ONLY they are NOT regulations ! </li></ul><ul><li>States vary with veterinary certificate requirements </li></ul><ul><li>How can the states insist some species be tracked and not others? </li></ul><ul><li>At the same conference, another speaker presented a USDA approved pilot project regarding tracking of horses </li></ul><ul><li>Is the ESWG being truthful regarding it’s intent? </li></ul>
    48. 57. Smart Card Front Back
    49. 64. Unanswered Questions Regarding Equine ID <ul><li>What Will The Smart Card System Cost? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show management, training clinic organizers, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who will manage this database? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can they guarantee that “value added” information will be secure? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why is this project continuing if horse movements will not be tracked? </li></ul>
    50. 65. Who will pay the costs of NAIS? <ul><li>Animal Owners </li></ul><ul><li>Taxpayers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA has already spent $84 million just on preliminary grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA has requested another $33 million for 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumers </li></ul><ul><li>The USDA has not done a cost/benefit analysis </li></ul>
    51. 66. Who will benefit? <ul><li>Government Bureaucracies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers of chips, scanners, and other equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Angel designated by USDA as a NAIS manufacturer, and sits on the beef working group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Software companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global VetLink sells database management software, and sits on the equine working group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large corporations like Cargil, Tyson, et al </li></ul>
    52. 67. Who will benefit? (cont’d) <ul><li>Meat processors/packers </li></ul><ul><li>Companies & associations running databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm Bureau, National Cattlemans Beef Association, and others have created the U.S. Animal Identification Organization to manage the industry databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contracts with Via Trace, Allflex, and Digital Angel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entities who are paid to promote NAIS through Cooperative Agreements with the USDA (grants) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Departments of Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Pork Producers Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More federal funds available from USDA in 2007 </li></ul></ul>
    53. 68. Confidentiality <ul><li>The pilot RFID systems are reprogrammable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies have proven these RFID devices to be susceptible to tampering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information may be changed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theft may be EASIER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diseased animal may be passed off as belonging to a competitor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May be infected with viruses, disrupting entire database </li></ul></ul></ul>
    54. 69. From the VT Dept of Ag website &quot; Confidentiality: Part of the data voluntarily submitted during the voluntary livestock premises registration process will be sent to a federal premises registration repository. The United States Department of Agriculture has reassured us that they intend to keep this information confidential. Regrettably, there is no statutory language passed yet that will ensure the data withstand a court challenge from denying public release of information .&quot;
    55. 70. The USDA “reassures” us they intend to keep this information confidential? <ul><li>Do you want other competitors or breeders to find your show record for every single show/event ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want other competitors or breeders to find out how many times you took your stallion to a collection station? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want ANYONE to know exactly how much money you have won with each and every horse? </li></ul>
    56. 71. Security Issues <ul><li>How many government and private databases have been hacked into in the past year? </li></ul>
    57. 72. Quote from Jan 2006 article titled: Knight Aims to Revive Animal Identification Efforts “ Members of the House Agriculture Committee are expected to size up the animal identification picture during oversight hearings in the next few weeks. Thus far, House Agriculture Committee Chairman Collin Peterson is convinced that a mandatory approach is the only way to go. “ We’ve spent close to $100 million and we don’t have a hell of a lot to show for it,” he noted during the AFBF convention two weeks ago. “We may have more livestock, but the Australians spent about $10 million and the Canadians spent $6 million (to get their systems in place). It seems that we should be done by now.”&quot;
    58. 73. What Can You Do? <ul><li>We need legislation at both the state and federal levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write your state representative, state senator, Congressman, and U.S. Senators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take action at the local level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate your friends and neighbors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask your county or association to adopt a resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask your association to oppose NAIS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ask the candidates their position and hold them to it </li></ul>
    59. 74. The Farm and Ranch Freedom Alliance <ul><li>What do they do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor the legislature and agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform members and the public about issues facing independent agriculture, and what they can do about it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet directly with legislators and agency officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They want to make changes to help independent farmers and ranchers to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Please support their work by joining them </li></ul>
    60. 75. For more information and tools to help you <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>1-866-687-6452 (Toll free) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copies of USDA documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information on all states </li></ul></ul>