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Introduction On Apo Reef


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Introduction On Apo Reef

  1. 1. WELCOME TO APO REEF NATURAL PARK “the precious gift of God to the people of Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines”
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION ON APO REEF NATURAL PARK <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It lies under the clear blue waters of the South China Sea, which is one of the most stunning coral reef formations of the Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 nautical miles west of Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 nautical miles northeast of the Calamian Groups of Islands, Northern Palawan. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Brief Description of the Park </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 15,792 hectares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine Area: 15,763 hectares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Area: 29 hectares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffer Zone Area: 11,677 hectares Marine Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Area: 27,469 hectares (PA + Buffer Zone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of three islands: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apo Island: 22 hectares </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apo Menor (Binanggaan) Island </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cayos del Bajo (Tinangkapan) Island </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Habitat and Ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Mangrove Habitat </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Habitat and Ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Beach Habitat (Sandy Beaches, Beach Forest, Karstic Rock) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Habitat and Ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Habitat </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Background History of the Park </li></ul><ul><li>1905 - American Forces constructed a lighthouse and the old Coast Guard Building. </li></ul><ul><li>1914 - 1.34 hectare of the Apo Island where the lighthouse is presently located was designated as reservation area through Executive Order No. 118. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Background History of the Park </li></ul><ul><li>The Lighthouse Complex at Apo Island on March 12, 1977 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Background History of the Park </li></ul><ul><li>1980 - Apo Reef was designated as Marine Reserve (Presidential Proclamation No. 1801). </li></ul><ul><li>1983 - Apo Reef was declared a Tourist Zone and Marine Reserve (Municipal Resolution No. 1108). </li></ul><ul><li>1990 - Apo Reef was chosen to be among the ten priority sites of the Integrated Protected Areas System (IPAS). </li></ul><ul><li>1992 - Apo Reef was included in the initial listing of IPAS sites all over the country pursuant to RA7586, also known as the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act of 1992. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Background History of the Park </li></ul><ul><li>1994 - Apo Reef became part of the Conservation of Priority Protected Areas Project (CPPAP). The CPPAP officially ended on June 30, 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>1996 - Apo Reef was declared as a Protected Area under the category of Natural Park (Presidential Proclamation 868) and its surrounding waters as Buffer Zone pursuant to RA7586 or NIPAS Act of 1992. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Present Status and Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Coral Cover </li></ul><ul><ul><li>51.03% - CY 2006 Survey (DENR & WWF/KKP thru Mr. E. Applied Environmental Sciences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>37.13% - CY 2003 Survey (DENR & WWF/KKP thru Mr. E. Applied Environmental Sciences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>35.12% - CY 2001 Survey (DENR-CPPAP thru the PIU Staff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33% - CY 1999 Survey (DENR-CPPAP thru PCU and PIU Staff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33% - CY 1994 Survey (DENR-CEP thru UPMSI) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Present Status and Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Reef Fish (based on CY 2006 Survey) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Species Richness – 226 species from 30 families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Abundance – 9,246 individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass – 1,238 kg (from the 15 stations surveyed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average Biomass Estimate – 330.14 tons/km² (fish counts converted into weights per unit area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing Stock of Reef Fish – 11,302.96 tons (based on the average biomass estimate and the total coral cover/reef area of 34 km²) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Present Status and Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Flora and Fauna </li></ul><ul><ul><li>47 species of migratory and resident breeders birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>46 species of plants (terrestrial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 species of seagrasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>26 species of algae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>385 species of fishes (85 families) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>78 genera of marine invertebrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>190 species of hard and 7 species of soft corals (species of hard corals represent 38% of 500 known species of hard corals in the Philippines) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Threatened/Near-Threatened Species of Wildlife </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicobar Pigeon ( Caloenas nicobarica ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Sea Turtle ( Chelonia mydas ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawksbill Turtle ( Eretmochelys imbricata ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present Status and Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Nicobar Pigeon </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Threatened/Near-Threatened Species of Wildlife </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coconut Crab ( Birgus latro ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giant Clams ( Tridacna spp. ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth Top Shell (Trochus niloticus) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present Status and Conditions </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Threatened/Near-Threatened Species of Wildlife </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-snouted Bottlenose Dolphin ( Tursiops truncates ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risso’s Dolphin ( Grampus griseus ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinner Dolphin ( Stenella longirostris ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reef Shark ( Carcharhinus spp. ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present Status and Conditions </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Potential Capabilities in terms of Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Apo Reef is one of the best-known diving destinations in the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the breathtaking marine resources in Apo Reef give divers an unforgettable and rewarding experience. </li></ul><ul><li>The Park has the unique underwater wealth of wonders which is teeming with marine flora, fauna and luxuriant coral growth acclaimed as one of the world’s best. </li></ul><ul><li>The park considered as the precious gift of God to the people of Sablayan and show window of Occidental Mindoro. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Potential Capabilities in terms of Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Varied activities that can be done </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCUBA diving and Snorkeling - Already practiced in ARNP, there are enhancements that can be implemented for ecotourism development in the area. </li></ul></ul>Marine Habitat
  19. 19. <ul><li>Potential Capabilities in terms of Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Varied activities that can be done, to wit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Watching - ARNP serves as a major bird shelter in the area. This activity will add more value to the park as regards information or publicity on it as a major bird habitat. </li></ul></ul>Pacific Reef Egret Black-Naped Oriole Black-Naped Tern Nutmeg Imperial Pigeon <ul><li>Nicobar Pigeon </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Potential Capabilities in terms of Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Varied activities that can be done, to wit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dolphin Watching/Festival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Island Hopping (Bird Watching, Lagoon Rafting, Mangrove Forest Watching, Nesting Turtle Monitoring) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kayaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reef Cruising </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Potential Capabilities in terms of Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity with other major destinations such as Northern Palawan, Puerto Galera, Batangas and Boracay </li></ul><ul><li>Potential growth of domestic cruising </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous growth of SCUBA diving industry </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity of Apo Reef from Metro Manila </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Additional Information </li></ul><ul><li>Records of Visitors </li></ul>37 86 123 440 1,031 1,471 CY 2006 38 161 199 458 1,923 2,381 CY 2005 27 180 207 326 2,159 2,485 CY 2004 37 106 143 443 1,274 1,717 CY 2003 LOCAL FOREIGN TOTAL LOCAL FOREIGN TOTAL Monthly Average Number of Visitors YEAR