Grammar extension u3 u4


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Grammar extension u3 u4

  1. 1. Unit 3 Grammar extension Mixed modals 3 Complete the sentences with the words in the list. Use the perfect infinitive form. 1 Cross out the bold word in each sentence which is should / arrive must / have must / leave not possible. shouldn’t / eat can’t / be might / miss should / buy He must / might / can still be at school. ‘Where’s Silvio?’ 1 I think it might / may / can be a good film. ‘He must have left because his bag isn’t here.’ 2 Will / Could / Can I borrow your dictionary, please? 1 ‘Oh, no! We haven’t got any coffee.’ 3 You mustn’t / needn’t / shouldn’t smoke in ‘I some when I went to restaurants in Ireland. the shop.’ 4 Can you / May you / Are you able to say ‘hello’ in 2 Roger isn’t speaking to Rosa. They five languages? an argument. 5 You ought to / should / had to go to bed early tonight. Otherwise you’ll feel tired tomorrow. 3 ‘We saw Laura in the café.’ 6 Lucy doesn’t have to / needs to / needn’t come if ‘It Laura. She’s in the she doesn’t want to. Pyrenees.’ 7 I can’t / am not able to / ought come to the dance 4 Where’s the bus? It at class next week. nine o’clock. 8 We have / must / need to help our parents on the 5 ‘Alice is late.’ farm this weekend. ‘She the bus.’ 6 The children couldn’t eat their dinner. They Modals + perfect infinitives so many sweets. 2 Complete the sentences with might, must, can’t or should. Present and perfect modals ‘I haven’t seen Selma for a long time.’ 4 Translate the sentences. ‘She might have gone on holiday, but I’m not sure.’ 1 ‘Nobody in the class passed the exam.’ 1 You mustn’t tell anybody about the party – it’s a surprise. ‘It have been very difficult.’ 2 ‘I think it’s going to rain.’ ‘I have brought an umbrella.’ 2 We don’t have to do any homework today. 3 ‘I broke my finger playing tennis.’ ‘That have really hurt.’ 3 You ought to phone her and say that you are all right. 4 ‘Max left the party early.’ ‘He have enjoyed it very much.’ 5 ‘Big Brother was fantastic last night. You 4 Jan must have bought a new car. have watched it.’ 6 ‘I don’t know where my purse is. I’m not sure, but I 5 Tony can’t have passed the exam because he didn’t have left it at school.’ study enough. 7 ‘Mum has gone to bed already.’ ‘The film have been very good.’ 8 ‘This coffee tastes horrible.’ 6 Linda might have had dinner already. ‘I have put salt in it instead of sugar. I’m not sure.’ 7 You won second prize. You should be pleased. 8 He shouldn’t have driven his father’s car without asking first. 14 PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 14 22/1/08 13:17:46
  2. 2. Unit 3 Grammar revision Modals of ability Mixed modals 1 Complete the sentences with can, can’t, could or 4 Choose the correct meaning for each sentence, A or B. couldn’t and the verbs in the list. You can’t use a dictionary. remember do speak play make hear watch A It’s prohibited to use a dictionary. B It isn’t necessary to use a dictionary. ‘Shall I help you?’ ‘I can do it myself, thanks.’ 1 I paella. My mother taught me. 1 You don’t have to do your homework. A It isn’t necessary to do your homework. 2 Can you speak up, please? I you very B It isn’t a good idea to do your homework. well. 2 It can’t be Richard. He’s away on holiday. 3 We wanted to phone, but we A It’s possible that it’s Richard. your number. B It’s impossible that it’s Richard. 4 She English when she was five. 3 They might buy a new mobile phone. 5 I was busy so I TV. A They will definitely buy a new mobile phone. B It’s possible that they will buy a new mobile phone. 6 Bill tennis this evening. He’s hurt his foot. 4 Carmen ought to apologize. A It’s necessary for Carmen to apologize. B It’s a good idea for Carmen to apologize. Modals of advice, necessity and 5 I need to get up early tomorrow. obligation A It’s necessary for me to get up early. B It isn’t necessary for me to get up early, but I can if I 2 Choose the correct alternatives. want to. You don’t have to / mustn’t make so much noise. 6 That must be Louisa’s brother. Everyone is asleep. A I’m sure it’s Louisa’s brother. 1 In Britain, you needn’t / shouldn’t carry an identity B I’m not sure it’s Louisa’s brother, but I think it is. card. 7 She might not have a birthday party this year. 2 You ought to / has to go to bed earlier if you’re tired. A She isn’t sure if she will have a party or not. 3 You mustn’t / should miss that programme. It’s B She is sure she won’t have a party. fantastic. 4 I shouldn’t / need to buy some new shoes. These are 5 Complete the sentences with the modal verbs in the list. too small. have to can mustn’t must can might can’t 5 I must / mustn’t hurry. The lesson starts in five might not don’t have to minutes. He can play the guitar very well. 6 Joe lives near school so he has to / doesn’t have to take a bus. 1 He go to the football match, but he isn’t sure. Modals of possibility and certainty 2 You watch that film. It’s too violent. 3 What do you do for homework? 3 Complete the sentences with must, might or can’t. 4 It’s Helen’s birthday tomorrow. I ‘Hannah’s going to Australia next week.’ remember to call her. ‘She must be really excited.’ 5 I go to the party because I’m away 1 You be hungry. You’ve just eaten then. two burgers. 6 you read music? 2 ‘I’ve just run ten kilometres.’ ‘You be very tired.’ 7 You go to the wedding if you don’t want to. 3 ‘Look! There’s Jenny.’ ‘It be Jenny. She’s in London today.’ 8 We get to the cinema on time. 4 ‘Is this Mark’s house?’ ‘I’m not sure. It It depends what time we catch the bus. be that one.’ 5 ‘José failed his exam.’ ‘He be really disappointed.’ 6 I don’t feel well. I think I be sick. 12 PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 12 22/1/08 13:17:46
  3. 3. Unit 3 Grammar revision Mixed modals Modals + perfect infinitives 6 Choose the correct alternatives. 8 Match situations 1–7 with opinions A–G. ‘Someone’s stolen my camera.’ 1 E I can’t find Nuria anywhere. ‘You might / may / should call the police.’ 2 Have you seen my mobile phone? 1 ‘Have you bought your ticket yet?’ ‘No, I ought / must / have get it today.’ 3 I’ve got a terrible stomach ache. 2 ‘Do you know where Javier is?’ 4 Paul looks really tired. ‘I’m not sure. He must / can / might be in the 5 Naomi looks different. bathroom.’ 3 ‘Is there any homework tonight?’ 6 Greg hasn’t contacted me. ‘You have to / don’t have to / can’t do this, but you 7 I couldn’t get a ticket for the concert. can if you want to.’ 4 ‘Shall we go to the cinema tonight?’ A She must have changed her hairstyle. ‘Sorry, I can’t. I have / should / must to study.’ B You should have booked earlier. 5 ‘Let’s use your sister’s computer.’ C He can’t have received my message. D You may have left it in the bar. ‘I think we can / may / ought to ask her first.’ E She might have gone home. 6 ‘Are you coming to school today?’ F You shouldn’t have eaten so much. ‘No, but I can / will / must be able to come G He can’t have slept well last night. tomorrow.’ 7 ‘I’ve made a paella for our dinner.’ 9 Complete the sentences. Use the perfect infinitive form. ‘It looks great. You can / may / must be a really good They must have hated (hate) the film because they left the cook.’ cinema early. 8 ‘I can’t find my car keys.’ 1 Scott didn’t call me. He may ‘They can / might / ought be in the car.’ (forget). 7 Rewrite the sentences using the correct bold 2 I’m not sure where Greg is. He might modal verb. (go) to the gym. It’s possible that Eva is ill. (must / might) 3 You should (come) to the party last night. Eva might be ill. 4 My dictionary isn’t in my bag. I must 1 It is important that you listen carefully. (leave) it at home. (must / could) 5 She can’t (buy) a computer. She hasn’t got any money. 2 It’s possible that Joe will appear on TV. (might / should) 6 Joe shouldn’t (take) the key without asking. 7 I can’t find my black jumper. My sister must 3 It is prohibited for you to go into that building. (borrow) it. (mustn’t / needn’t) 8 I’m tired. I shouldn’t (stay) up so late last night. 4 It’s a good idea for you to apply for a new job. (need to / ought to) 5 It’s impossible that those trainers are mine. (can’t / mustn’t) 6 Ramón is able to speak four languages. (can / could) 7 It isn’t necessary to give him an expensive present. (musn’t / needn’t) PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 1302 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 13 22/1/08 13:17:46
  4. 4. Unit 4 Grammar extension Future continuous and Future forms future perfect simple 3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the bold verbs. Use will, going to, present continuous, the 1 Look at Dan’s plans for tonight and write sentences. future continuous or the future perfect simple. Use the future continuous or the future perfect simple. I think that scientists will discover (discover) life on another planet one day. 4 pm Finish school 1 Sara can’t see you after school. She 5–6 pm Do homework (play) tennis with Luke at four. 6–7 pm Practise guitar with Raúl 2 This time next year I 8 pm Order pizza (not live) with my parents. 9 pm Watch DVD 3 ‘It’s my brother’s eighteenth birthday next week.’ 11.30 pm Go to bed! ‘ he (have) a party?’ 4 It’s 6 p.m. and the train leaves at 6.05. It looks like we (miss) it. at 4.30 / finish 5 ‘Can I borrow your laptop tomorrow?’ At 4.30 Dan will have finished school. ‘Sorry, I (use) it all day.’ 1 at 5.30 / do 6 ‘I can’t stand doing these maths exercises.’ ‘I (help) you if you like.’ 2 Raúl / arrive / by 6.00 7 By next October, Sue (earn) enough money to buy a car. 3 they / practise / at 6.30 4 Translate the sentences. 1 I’ll have a sandwich, please. 4 the pizza / arrive / by 8.45 2 By the time we get to the stadium, the match will have 5 they / start watching / by 9.10 started. 6 Dan / go / at 11.30 3 What time is Hassan arriving tomorrow? 2 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use the future continuous or the future perfect simple. 4 Be careful! You’re going to fall. buy set off switch off finish study do not sit Don’t phone Jane! She’ll be doing her homework now. 5 The children will be sleeping when you get home. 1 you a new mobile phone by the time I see you tomorrow? 2 I’m sure I 6 Rosa isn’t going to sell her bicycle. breakfast by eight o’clock. 3 This time next week we in this classroom. 7 By next year, I’ll have learnt how to drive. 4 Come on! They all the computers by the time we get there. 8 Ana isn’t coming to the concert tomorrow. 5 they fireworks during the party? 6 I’ve got exams on Monday so I all weekend. PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 1702 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 17 22/1/08 13:17:46
  5. 5. Unit 4 Grammar revision will will, going to, present continuous 1 Complete the sentences with will and the verbs in 4 Correct the sentences. the list. Do you go out tonight? not pass turn win buy take be have Are you going out tonight? We ’ll take photos with the digital camera. 1 I think Real Madrid will to win the match. 1 ‘The TV is too loud.’ ‘I it down.’ 2 Leo is sure he his exams. 3 You time to eat your lunch. 2 It don’t will rain today. 4 I hope my parents me a laptop. 5 They don’t think they the match. 3 She don’t going to help me. 6 Do you think it cold tomorrow? 4 Will he has time to check it? going to 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of going 5 ‘The phone’s ringing’. ‘I answer it’. to and the verbs in the list. look log watch take switch do cry 6 You go to the Franz Ferdinand concert in May? Turn over! We aren’t going to watch this film. 1 We on and look for a web site. 7 I see Ignacio this evening. 2 When you your homework? 8 I have a coffee, please. 3 I my MP3 player back to the shop. 4 you off the 5 Match sentences 1–7 with uses A–E. Some uses match more than one sentence. computer? 5 My mum for another job. 1 B I think I’ll email Luke today. 6 That boy looks like he . 2 They’re meeting in the Plaza Mayor at six o’clock. Present continuous for future use 3 Look at that car! It’s going to crash. 3 Complete the dialogue with the bold verbs. Use the 4 I’m sure you’ll have a fantastic time. present continuous. 5 ‘Kate can’t log in.’ ‘I’ll show her what to do.’ A Are you doing (do) anything this weekend? 6 I’m going to travel round Europe next year. B Yes, I (1) (travel) to London 7 We don’t think they’ll get married. on Saturday and I (2) (meet) Cara at Covent Garden in the afternoon. A short term arrangements at a specific time/place A Really? (3) Matt (go) B decision at the moment of speaking with you? C general predictions or opinions B No, he (4) (not come) D plans and definite intentions because he (5) (work) on Saturday. How about you? Would you like to come? E predictions based on present evidence A Sorry, I can’t. Ted and I (6) (play) in a football match on Saturday morning. B Well, good luck! I hope you win. PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 1502 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 15 22/1/08 13:17:46
  6. 6. Unit 4 Grammar revision 6 Choose the correct alternatives. Future continuous ‘Would you like a drink?’ 8 Complete the dialogue with the correct form of the ‘I ’ll have / ’m having a coke, please.’ bold verbs. Use the future continuous. 1 ‘What does Pablo want to do after leaving school?’ A What will you be doing (do) tomorrow morning? ‘He ’ll not go / isn’t going to go to university.’ B Believe it or not, I (1) 2 ‘Have you got any plans for the weekend?’ (participate) in the London Marathon. ‘Yes, we ’ll visit / ’re visiting my cousins in Valencia.’ A Amazing! (2) you 3 ‘I can’t hear the music.’ (dress) up in a funny costume for the race? ‘We ’ll turn / ’re turning it up, then.’ B No, I (3) 4 ‘My hairdryer broke last night.’ (not wear) anything unusual! ‘Are you going to buy / buying a new one?’ A How do you think you 5 ‘Did Ana pass her exams?’ (4) (feel) after ‘Yes, she ’ll start / ’s starting university in three hours? September.’ B By that time, everyone 6 ‘Would you like to come to the cinema tonight?’ (5) (hope) to ‘Sorry, but I ’ll play / ’m playing volleyball.’ see the finish line! 7 ‘What are you doing this evening?’ A Are you going to work the following day? ‘I ’ll go / ’m going to Inma’s place to do my homework B I don’t think so! I’m sure I (6) there.’ (sleep) for most of the morning! 8 ‘I can’t make this computer print.’ ‘I ’ll have / ’m going to have a look at it for you.’ Future perfect simple 7 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the 9 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the list. Use verbs in brackets. Use going to or will. the future perfect simple. Have you heard? Steve is going to appear (appear) move read have not finish leave pass on TV. travel be start 1 ‘You shouldn’t have taken my car without asking.’ She won’t be at home at eight o’clock. She’ll have left for ‘I promise I (not do) it school. again.’ 1 Come at two! We lunch by 2 ‘Do you think people then. (laugh) at me?’ ‘No, they won’t.’ 2 How far you when you 3 Luis has decided that he get to London? (not continue) the course next year. 3 I my homework before the 4 I’m sure that computer film starts. (be) more complicated – let’s buy this one! 4 Next month we married for 5 Who do you think (win) two years. Wimbledon this year? 5 I hope I all my exams by this 6 Look! Tony (fall) off his summer. bike! 6 Hurry up! The film by the 7 I (travel) for a year time we get there. before I go to university. 7 I four English novels by the 8 Which shirt you end of the summer. (wear) today? 8 My parents by the time I start work. 16 PHOTOCOPIABLE © OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS02 D1TRB GRMMR 005_032.indd 16 22/1/08 13:17:46