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MAN AS A PERSON
A. BASIC ANTHROPOLOGY

        MAN IS A PERSON
   MAN IS A SUBSTANTIAL UNITY
     MAN IS A SOCIAL BEING
MAN POSSESSES DIGNITY AND RIGHTS
A. BASIC ANTHROPOLOGY
        MAJOR THEMES
       1. MAN IS A PERSON




A CONCRETE INDIVIDUAL SUBSTANCE
     ENDOWED WITH REASON
2. MAN IS A SUBSTANTIAL UNITY:
       A UNION OF BODY AND SOUL
   Man possesses a complete specific nature.




Man is not merely an individual substance with a
  unique existence, a self-subsistent substance
2. MAN IS A SUBSTANTIAL UNITY:
          MAN IS AN AUTONOMOUS BEING
BECAUSE OF HIS RATIONAL NATURE MAN IS ENDOWED WITH:
      INTELLIGENCE TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD
        FREEDOM TO SELF-GOVERN IN THE WORLD
THE HUMAN PERSON IS THE MOST PERFECT
       IN THE WHOLE NATURE
           (SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS)




 WITH REASON TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD
                    &
  WILL TO DIRECT HIMSELF TO TRUE GOOD
3. MAN IS A SOCIAL BEING




Man is a relational being. He is open to himself and to others.
  Hence, man is inter-subjectivity, a community of LOVE
4. MAN POSSESSES DIGNITY AND RIGHTS




    DIGNITY IS RELATED TO GOODNESS, EXCELLENCE, AND
                       PERFECTION

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MAN THAT POINT TO HIS DIGNITY ARE
            INTELLIGENCE, FREEDOM, & LOVE
IN HIS ENCYCLICAL ENTITLED HUMANAE VITAE, POPE JOHN PAUL II
HIGHLIGHTED THE INCOMPARABLE WORTH OF THE HUMAN PERSON




  THE HUMAN PERSON POSSESSES DIGNITY THAT HAS
              NO PRICE BUT VALUE
                      (IMMANUEL KANT)
TO BE A HUMAN BEING IS TO BE A FELLOW HUMAN BEING
       MARTIN BUBER




I EXIST IN THE MEASURE THAT I EXIST FOR OTHERS
                FOR AFTER ALL, TO BE IS TO LOVE
                                     E. MOUNIER



       THE FACE OF THE OTHER TELLS ME THAT IT IS IMPOSSIBLE
       TO KILL THE PERSON WITH THAT FACE
       E. LEVINAS
KEY CONCEPTS OF MAN AS PERSON

               1.) AUTONOMY
     MAN MUST BE VIEWED IN THE LIGHT OF
    THE UNIQUE VOCATION OF EACH PERSONS

            2.) SELF-REALIZATION
         THROUGH HIS FREE ACTIVITY,
   MAN CANNOT BE JUDGED IN ABSTRACTION
FROM THE CONCRETE STATE OF THE ACTING PERSON

             3.) RESPONSIBILITY
   MAN DEVELOPS HIS PERSONALITY THROUGH
            INTER-SUBJECTIVITY
B. CHRISTIAN ANTHROPOLOGY

    MAN IS A CREATURE
 MAN IS THE IMAGE OF GOD
MAN IS FALLEN BUT REDEEMED
    NATURE AND GRACE
1. MAN IS A CREATURE

GOD IS IMMANENT TO HIS CREATURES JUST AS HE IS TRANSCENDENT




    TO BELIEVE IN GOD AS CREATOR IS TO LOOK UPON
   COSMIC EVOLUTION AS GOD’S CONTINUING ACTION

             THIS VISION SHOULD MAKE
        MAN RESPONSIBLE, LOVING, AND CARING
TO AFFIRM GOD AS CREATOR
 IS TO HIGHLIGHT MAN’S RELATIONSHIP
              WITH GOD




   ALL HUMAN ACTIVITIES ARE SEEN AS
EXPRESSIONS OF THE CREATIVE, IMMANENT
     AND PERSONAL ACTION OF GOD
2. MAN IS THE IMAGE OF GOD
   MAN APPEARS AS THE FIRST CREATURE THAT IS
    CONSCIOUS OF WHERE HE HAS COME FROM
    AND OF THE POTENTIALITIES OPEN TO HIM




Man’s likeness to God is not only in his reason but also
  in his responsible conduct. He has the capacity to
           respond freely to the call of God.
BECAUSE OF THIS REALITY OF MAN CARE MUST BE TAKEN
 THAT THERE BE NO MANIPULATION THAT MAKES MAN
   LESS HUMAN THAT VIOLATES THE DIGNITY OF HIS
     PERSONALITY MADE TO THE IMAGE OF GOD.
3. MAN IS FALLEN AND REDEEMED




FROM THE DAWN OF HISTORY, MAN ABUSED HIS FREEDOM
          SET HIMSELF AGAINST GOD AND
   SOUGHT TO FIND FULFILLMENT APART FROM GOD.
AS A CONSEQUENCE, MAN BECAME AWARE OF HIS
LIMITATIONS AND HIS ABILITY TO BECOME WHAT HE
        OUGHT AND DESIRES TO BECOME.




       MAN’S REASON HAS BEEN CLOUDED
        AND HIS WILL WEAKENED BY SIN
AND THUS THE IMAGE OF GOD HAS BEEN DISTORTED.
THROUGH THE INCARNATION
     GOD HAS ENTERED HUMAN HISTORY
  AND RESTORED THE IMAGE OF GOD IN MAN.




 “ON ACCOUNT OF HIS GREAT LOVE, HE BACAME
WHAT WE ARE THAT HE MIGHT MAKE US WHAT HE
                    IS.”
                (ST. IRINAEUS)
THE CHRISTIAN RESPONSE TO GOD’S CALL MUST INVOLVE
  ENTRUSTING ONESELF COMPLETELY TO THE LORD.




  EACH MORAL CHOICE IS A STEP OF FAITH INTO THE FUTURE
  WHICH PREPARES FOR THE NEXT STEP INTO THE UNKNOWN
                        DESTINY
   WHICH GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM.
NATURE AND GRACE
GRACE IS A GRATUITUOUS GIFT OF GOD TO ALL PERSONS
     IT IS A SHARE IN THE VERY NATURE OF GOD




    IT IMPLIES THE INDWELLING OF THE BLESSED TRINITY
                    IN THE SOUL OF MAN
CHRISTIAN LIFE CONSISTS IN CONFORMING TO
       THE WORKINGS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN
            THE DEPTHS OF MAN’S HEART.




THIS IS A DESTINY GOING BEYOND THE CAPACITY OF MAN,
           HENCE IT IS CALLED SUPERNATURAL.

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Man as a Person

  • 1. MAN AS A PERSON
  • 2. A. BASIC ANTHROPOLOGY MAN IS A PERSON MAN IS A SUBSTANTIAL UNITY MAN IS A SOCIAL BEING MAN POSSESSES DIGNITY AND RIGHTS
  • 3. A. BASIC ANTHROPOLOGY MAJOR THEMES 1. MAN IS A PERSON A CONCRETE INDIVIDUAL SUBSTANCE ENDOWED WITH REASON
  • 4. 2. MAN IS A SUBSTANTIAL UNITY: A UNION OF BODY AND SOUL Man possesses a complete specific nature. Man is not merely an individual substance with a unique existence, a self-subsistent substance
  • 5. 2. MAN IS A SUBSTANTIAL UNITY: MAN IS AN AUTONOMOUS BEING BECAUSE OF HIS RATIONAL NATURE MAN IS ENDOWED WITH: INTELLIGENCE TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD FREEDOM TO SELF-GOVERN IN THE WORLD
  • 6. THE HUMAN PERSON IS THE MOST PERFECT IN THE WHOLE NATURE (SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS) WITH REASON TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD & WILL TO DIRECT HIMSELF TO TRUE GOOD
  • 7. 3. MAN IS A SOCIAL BEING Man is a relational being. He is open to himself and to others. Hence, man is inter-subjectivity, a community of LOVE
  • 8. 4. MAN POSSESSES DIGNITY AND RIGHTS DIGNITY IS RELATED TO GOODNESS, EXCELLENCE, AND PERFECTION THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MAN THAT POINT TO HIS DIGNITY ARE INTELLIGENCE, FREEDOM, & LOVE
  • 9. IN HIS ENCYCLICAL ENTITLED HUMANAE VITAE, POPE JOHN PAUL II HIGHLIGHTED THE INCOMPARABLE WORTH OF THE HUMAN PERSON THE HUMAN PERSON POSSESSES DIGNITY THAT HAS NO PRICE BUT VALUE (IMMANUEL KANT)
  • 10. TO BE A HUMAN BEING IS TO BE A FELLOW HUMAN BEING MARTIN BUBER I EXIST IN THE MEASURE THAT I EXIST FOR OTHERS FOR AFTER ALL, TO BE IS TO LOVE E. MOUNIER THE FACE OF THE OTHER TELLS ME THAT IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO KILL THE PERSON WITH THAT FACE E. LEVINAS
  • 11. KEY CONCEPTS OF MAN AS PERSON 1.) AUTONOMY MAN MUST BE VIEWED IN THE LIGHT OF THE UNIQUE VOCATION OF EACH PERSONS 2.) SELF-REALIZATION THROUGH HIS FREE ACTIVITY, MAN CANNOT BE JUDGED IN ABSTRACTION FROM THE CONCRETE STATE OF THE ACTING PERSON 3.) RESPONSIBILITY MAN DEVELOPS HIS PERSONALITY THROUGH INTER-SUBJECTIVITY
  • 12. B. CHRISTIAN ANTHROPOLOGY MAN IS A CREATURE MAN IS THE IMAGE OF GOD MAN IS FALLEN BUT REDEEMED NATURE AND GRACE
  • 13. 1. MAN IS A CREATURE GOD IS IMMANENT TO HIS CREATURES JUST AS HE IS TRANSCENDENT TO BELIEVE IN GOD AS CREATOR IS TO LOOK UPON COSMIC EVOLUTION AS GOD’S CONTINUING ACTION THIS VISION SHOULD MAKE MAN RESPONSIBLE, LOVING, AND CARING
  • 14. TO AFFIRM GOD AS CREATOR IS TO HIGHLIGHT MAN’S RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD ALL HUMAN ACTIVITIES ARE SEEN AS EXPRESSIONS OF THE CREATIVE, IMMANENT AND PERSONAL ACTION OF GOD
  • 15. 2. MAN IS THE IMAGE OF GOD MAN APPEARS AS THE FIRST CREATURE THAT IS CONSCIOUS OF WHERE HE HAS COME FROM AND OF THE POTENTIALITIES OPEN TO HIM Man’s likeness to God is not only in his reason but also in his responsible conduct. He has the capacity to respond freely to the call of God.
  • 16. BECAUSE OF THIS REALITY OF MAN CARE MUST BE TAKEN THAT THERE BE NO MANIPULATION THAT MAKES MAN LESS HUMAN THAT VIOLATES THE DIGNITY OF HIS PERSONALITY MADE TO THE IMAGE OF GOD.
  • 17. 3. MAN IS FALLEN AND REDEEMED FROM THE DAWN OF HISTORY, MAN ABUSED HIS FREEDOM SET HIMSELF AGAINST GOD AND SOUGHT TO FIND FULFILLMENT APART FROM GOD.
  • 18. AS A CONSEQUENCE, MAN BECAME AWARE OF HIS LIMITATIONS AND HIS ABILITY TO BECOME WHAT HE OUGHT AND DESIRES TO BECOME. MAN’S REASON HAS BEEN CLOUDED AND HIS WILL WEAKENED BY SIN AND THUS THE IMAGE OF GOD HAS BEEN DISTORTED.
  • 19. THROUGH THE INCARNATION GOD HAS ENTERED HUMAN HISTORY AND RESTORED THE IMAGE OF GOD IN MAN. “ON ACCOUNT OF HIS GREAT LOVE, HE BACAME WHAT WE ARE THAT HE MIGHT MAKE US WHAT HE IS.” (ST. IRINAEUS)
  • 20. THE CHRISTIAN RESPONSE TO GOD’S CALL MUST INVOLVE ENTRUSTING ONESELF COMPLETELY TO THE LORD. EACH MORAL CHOICE IS A STEP OF FAITH INTO THE FUTURE WHICH PREPARES FOR THE NEXT STEP INTO THE UNKNOWN DESTINY WHICH GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM.
  • 21. NATURE AND GRACE GRACE IS A GRATUITUOUS GIFT OF GOD TO ALL PERSONS IT IS A SHARE IN THE VERY NATURE OF GOD IT IMPLIES THE INDWELLING OF THE BLESSED TRINITY IN THE SOUL OF MAN
  • 22. CHRISTIAN LIFE CONSISTS IN CONFORMING TO THE WORKINGS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE DEPTHS OF MAN’S HEART. THIS IS A DESTINY GOING BEYOND THE CAPACITY OF MAN, HENCE IT IS CALLED SUPERNATURAL.