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The Objective Norm of
      Morality:

       LAW
St. Thomas Aquinas: LAW is
 A decree or ordinance of reason
 Directed towards the common
 good
 Promulgated by competent
 authority, i.e. one who has the care
 of the community.
ORDINANCE or Decree
  Obligatory force & not merely as
  recommendation or suggestion.

ORDINANCE of REASON

•It must be based on the insights of reason
          into what is truly good.
Common Good:
 Laws can only be enacted for the common
 good & not for the private good of a few
 citizens.
PROMULGATION:
 The official publication of a LAW so that
 it can come to the knowledge of the
 subjects.
 Necessary in order that a law becomes
 obligatory.
 Laws can only be enacted by those in
 charge of the community as a legitimate
 authority.
Relevance or Importance of
Moral Norms / LAWS: (CFC)
1. Provide the objective criteria for our own
    conscience to judge what is morally good
    or evil.
2. Help our moral development, especially in
    the formation of our conscience.
3. Offer the needed moral stability in our lives.
4. Challenge us to stretch for an ideal beyond
    our limited experience, & correct our
    moral misconceptions in the process.
KINDS or Classes of LAW:
 ETERNAL LAW
 NATURAL LAW
 HUMAN LAW
 DIVINE LAW
ETERNAL LAW
It is the plan of God in creating the universe
& in assigning to each creature their
specific nature.
The universal law whereby God directs &
governs the universe & the ways of human
community according to his plan of wisdom
& love.
Eternal Law….
 A type of DIVINE WISDOM

 The Creator, therefore, has in Himself the
 “type” of what creatures are to do to attain
 their END & PURPOSE.
NATURAL LAW
I.   PHYSICAL LAWS & their properties -
     The nature of all created things which is
     the principle of their movements &
     actions.
II. MORAL ORDER – the universal natural
     moral laws built into human beings by God
     when creating them & are made accessible
     to the light of reason (discern what is good
     & what is evil).
     - It binds man to seek the good fitting his
     rational nature.
NATURAL Moral LAW:
 It is the eternal law as knowable by sound
 human reason without the aid of
 supernatural revelation.
 The basic precept:
            “DO GOOD, AVOID EVIL.”
Natural Moral Law is
  recognized by all men
 regardless of creed, race,
   culture, or historical
      circumstances.
•Morality written in man’s heart.
•Law of reason
•Compelling the individual to be true to
his nature as rational human being.
•Pagpapakatao
“Sapagkat ako’y tao lamang…(?)”
Natural Moral Law – is the
human participation in God’s
wisdom.

Man knows naturally, by the light
of his understanding, that there
are some things evil in
themselves, & some things which
are necessarily good.
The inclinations of human nature &
the Natural Law:
1. The inclination to the good.
2. The inclination to self-preservation.
3. The inclination to sexual union & rearing
   of offspring.
4. The inclination to knowledge of the Truth.
5. The inclination to live in society.
Properties of Natural Law
 UNIVERSAL
 UNCHANGEABLE
 OBLIGATORY & INDISPENSABLE
 RECOGNIZABLE
HUMAN positive LAW
 Contains regulations promulgated by
 legitimate human authority.
 STATE (civil laws) - Constitution
 & CHURCH (ecclesiastical laws) - Canon

                                    Law
 Intended to preserve peace & harmony
 Directing each members of the society to
 work towards the common good.
PROPERTIES OF HUMAN
LAW
 Enforceable
 Obligatory
 Concerned with external conduct only
 Limited to particular groups
 Historically conditioned
 Fallible
Human Laws must:
 Conform with Divine Laws
 Promote the common good
 Just & not discriminatory
 Dynamic
 Practicable
DIVINE LAW
 The norms contained in the word of the
 Holy Scripture (Bible) as revealed divine
 law.
 They may spell out obligations of natural
 law in order to clarify them, e.g. the 10
 Commandments.
 Direct us towards our proper end.
SUMMARY:
    ETERNAL LAW – the uncreated & eternal plan
    of divine wisdom directive of all things.
    TEMPORAL LAW
1. Natural Law
2. Positive Law
    a. Divine Positive Law – God as author
                   OT & NT
    b. Human Positive Law – Man as author, a
             God-given power.
       [CIVIL & ECCLESIASTICAL LAWS]

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Law

  • 1. The Objective Norm of Morality: LAW
  • 2. St. Thomas Aquinas: LAW is A decree or ordinance of reason Directed towards the common good Promulgated by competent authority, i.e. one who has the care of the community.
  • 3. ORDINANCE or Decree Obligatory force & not merely as recommendation or suggestion. ORDINANCE of REASON •It must be based on the insights of reason into what is truly good.
  • 4. Common Good: Laws can only be enacted for the common good & not for the private good of a few citizens. PROMULGATION: The official publication of a LAW so that it can come to the knowledge of the subjects. Necessary in order that a law becomes obligatory. Laws can only be enacted by those in charge of the community as a legitimate authority.
  • 5. Relevance or Importance of Moral Norms / LAWS: (CFC) 1. Provide the objective criteria for our own conscience to judge what is morally good or evil. 2. Help our moral development, especially in the formation of our conscience. 3. Offer the needed moral stability in our lives. 4. Challenge us to stretch for an ideal beyond our limited experience, & correct our moral misconceptions in the process.
  • 6. KINDS or Classes of LAW: ETERNAL LAW NATURAL LAW HUMAN LAW DIVINE LAW
  • 7. ETERNAL LAW It is the plan of God in creating the universe & in assigning to each creature their specific nature. The universal law whereby God directs & governs the universe & the ways of human community according to his plan of wisdom & love.
  • 8. Eternal Law…. A type of DIVINE WISDOM The Creator, therefore, has in Himself the “type” of what creatures are to do to attain their END & PURPOSE.
  • 9. NATURAL LAW I. PHYSICAL LAWS & their properties - The nature of all created things which is the principle of their movements & actions. II. MORAL ORDER – the universal natural moral laws built into human beings by God when creating them & are made accessible to the light of reason (discern what is good & what is evil). - It binds man to seek the good fitting his rational nature.
  • 10. NATURAL Moral LAW: It is the eternal law as knowable by sound human reason without the aid of supernatural revelation. The basic precept: “DO GOOD, AVOID EVIL.”
  • 11. Natural Moral Law is recognized by all men regardless of creed, race, culture, or historical circumstances. •Morality written in man’s heart. •Law of reason •Compelling the individual to be true to his nature as rational human being. •Pagpapakatao
  • 12. “Sapagkat ako’y tao lamang…(?)”
  • 13. Natural Moral Law – is the human participation in God’s wisdom. Man knows naturally, by the light of his understanding, that there are some things evil in themselves, & some things which are necessarily good.
  • 14. The inclinations of human nature & the Natural Law: 1. The inclination to the good. 2. The inclination to self-preservation. 3. The inclination to sexual union & rearing of offspring. 4. The inclination to knowledge of the Truth. 5. The inclination to live in society.
  • 15. Properties of Natural Law UNIVERSAL UNCHANGEABLE OBLIGATORY & INDISPENSABLE RECOGNIZABLE
  • 16. HUMAN positive LAW Contains regulations promulgated by legitimate human authority. STATE (civil laws) - Constitution & CHURCH (ecclesiastical laws) - Canon Law Intended to preserve peace & harmony Directing each members of the society to work towards the common good.
  • 17. PROPERTIES OF HUMAN LAW Enforceable Obligatory Concerned with external conduct only Limited to particular groups Historically conditioned Fallible
  • 18. Human Laws must: Conform with Divine Laws Promote the common good Just & not discriminatory Dynamic Practicable
  • 19. DIVINE LAW The norms contained in the word of the Holy Scripture (Bible) as revealed divine law. They may spell out obligations of natural law in order to clarify them, e.g. the 10 Commandments. Direct us towards our proper end.
  • 20. SUMMARY: ETERNAL LAW – the uncreated & eternal plan of divine wisdom directive of all things. TEMPORAL LAW 1. Natural Law 2. Positive Law a. Divine Positive Law – God as author OT & NT b. Human Positive Law – Man as author, a God-given power. [CIVIL & ECCLESIASTICAL LAWS]