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VNIX-NOG 2023: IPv6 Deployment in government networks

APNIC
APNIC

APNIC Training Delivery Manager Shane Hermoso presents on IPv6 deployment in Viet Nam and in government networks at VNIX-NOG 2023 held in Da Lat, Viet Nam from 5 to 6 October 2023.

1 of 21
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1 v1.1
2 v1.1
IPv6 Deployment for
Government Networks
S he ry l (S hane ) He rm o so
O ct 2023
3 v1.1
• IPv6 Deployment
• IPv6 Deployment – Governments
• IPv6 Deployment – Things to Consider
• Technical Issues & Challenges
Overview
4 v1.1
IPv6 Deployment
5 v1.1
• IPv6 adoption continues to increase.
• Global adoption has reached 35% IPv6 capable, with Vietnam at
58%.[1]
IPv6 Deployment
[1] https://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/VN
6 v1.1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
1-Oct-19 1-Oct-20 1-Oct-21 1-Oct-22 1-Oct-23
% IPv6
Global Asia Vietnam
IPv6 Adoption – Last 5 years

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VNIX-NOG 2023: IPv6 Deployment in government networks

  • 2. 2 v1.1 IPv6 Deployment for Government Networks S he ry l (S hane ) He rm o so O ct 2023
  • 3. 3 v1.1 • IPv6 Deployment • IPv6 Deployment – Governments • IPv6 Deployment – Things to Consider • Technical Issues & Challenges Overview
  • 5. 5 v1.1 • IPv6 adoption continues to increase. • Global adoption has reached 35% IPv6 capable, with Vietnam at 58%.[1] IPv6 Deployment [1] https://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/VN
  • 6. 6 v1.1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1-Oct-19 1-Oct-20 1-Oct-21 1-Oct-22 1-Oct-23 % IPv6 Global Asia Vietnam IPv6 Adoption – Last 5 years
  • 7. 7 v1.1 • Policies & industry support o Conduct research on IPv6 readiness in the industry o Develop policies, guidelines, and roadmaps to enable IPv6 in government and network infrastructure o Subsidize IPv6 skilling up for industry members to support human capacity development o Partnership between government and industry o Include the necessity of IPv6 deployment in ministerial statements • Implement IPv6 in government networks o Mandate for IPv6 readiness in government procurement forms for ICT goods and services o Lead the industry by example in adopting IPv6 IPv6 Deployment – Role of Government Ref: https://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-for-governments/
  • 8. 8 v1.1 • Back in 2008, Australia (AGIMO) developed a “Strategy for Implementation of IPv6 in Government Agencies” which is a 3-stage process to transition to IPv6 by Dec 2012.[1] • In 2018, Mongolia (CRC) developed an “IPv6 Deployment and Roadmap for Mongolia”, followed by training and industry discussion in 2023. • More listed in IPv6 for Governments (APNIC Website)[2] IPv6 Deployment - Success Stories [1] https://www.computerworld.com/article/3483743/most-government-agencies-to-adopt-ipv6-by-year-s-end-agimo.html [2] https://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-for-governments/
  • 9. 9 v1.1 • A government network is by and large an enterprise network o It shares majority of the concerns of typical enterprise IPv6 deployment. • Implementing IPv6 usually begins with a mandate, policy or an IPv6 roadmap. • Focus on key public services, websites and network. IPv6 for Government Networks
  • 10. 10 v1.1 • Government websites/services that are publicly facing must be IPv6- enabled o IPv6-compliant IT equipment & services • Government infrastructure supports IPv6 o Internet Exchange Points, National Backbone Network, Internet Gateway • Example: NZ Government [1] o all publicly accessible and externally delivered Internet services (websites, email, DNS, online forms) o internal networks, applications and devices are operationally capable of using IPv6 o IPv6 compliant network/application management and monitoring tools IPv6 for Government Networks [1] https://www.digital.govt.nz/standards-and-guidance/technology-and-architecture/government-enterprise- architecture/architecture-resources/internet-protocol-version-6-ipv6-government-transition/
  • 11. 11 v1.1 • Agencies may have different network setup • Each agency may have different capability, timeline and constraints • Priority for service reachability o Critical services like those related to health, emergency, security • Enterprise network challenges: o Legacy programs and mission critical applications [1] o Security concerns o Reliance on upstream providers (are ISPs IPv6-capable?) IPv6 for Government Networks – Challenges [1] https://blog.apnic.net/2021/01/25/tackling-the-catch-22-of-ipv6-enterprise-uptake/
  • 12. 12 v1.1 IPv6 Deployment – Things to Consider
  • 13. 13 v1.1 • Websites – public facing & internal • DNS, Mail, VoIP • Back-end services o Authentication o Database • What about cloud-hosted services? • What about intranet? • Sites: Branch offices, Data Centre, Public Cloud What services must be IPv6-enabled?
  • 14. 14 v1.1 • Assess the network o Identify high priority network segments that are critical to support IPv6. • Audit network equipment o Do your routers/switches support IPv6? o Does hardware need replacement? If yes, when is the next product renewal cycle? • Develop an IPv6 plan o Design the IPv6 strategy and do pilot testing before full implementation. Is my current network IPv6 capable?
  • 15. 15 v1.1 • How much IPv6 address space do you require? o /64 per LAN, /48 per site o Ex: a ministry with multiple sites may need more • Using Provider-Independent (PI) address space o avoids renumbering when changing ISP • Segment the network and assign a prefix to each. • How to assign IP addresses? o Servers to be assigned static IPv6 address o Client devices to be assigned using DHCP-v6 What about Address Planning?
  • 16. 16 v1.1 • Dual stack is easy o Allows IPv4 & IPv6 co-existence • Do you need to worry about NAT? • What’s the long-term approach? o Switching to IPv6-only Which transition mechanism to use?
  • 17. 17 v1.1 • Don’t forget about security! o Understand the security implications of IPv6 o Be aware of IPv6-related attacks and how to mitigate o Should you adopt a similar IPv6 security strategy as IPv4? • Security & monitoring applications must have IPv6 support. • Apply filters o ACLs to/from upstream – filter bogons, unallocated space o Host-based filters o Filtering ICMPv6 o Filtering extension headers (EH) • IPv6 security for L2 networks o First hop security • Enterprise security (IAM, Zero Trust) support for IPv6 What about Security?
  • 18. 18 v1.1 • How capable is the team implementing this? • Do they need more training? Building capability
  • 19. 19 v1.1 • IPv6 support for network equipment • IPv6 support for software applications • IPv6 readiness for the upstream providers • Capability of government agency staff Technical Issues & Challenges
  • 20. 20 v1.1 Thank You! END OF SESSION Thank You! END OF SESSION
  • 21. 21 v1.1 • Any questions?