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IPv6 deployment status

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Presentation given by Miwa Fuji at Enabling IPv6 in Mobile Networks Workshop held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 21-22 October 2015.

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IPv6 deployment status

  1. 1. IPv6 deployment status update Enabling IPv6 in Mobile Networks Workshop Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 21 – 22 Oct 2015 Miwa Fujii <miwa@apnic.net>
  2. 2. Agenda •  Update on IPv6 end user readiness in the world –  Review of statistics as examples •  Trend on new organizations with IPv6 –  Source: IPv6 ready end users measurement: http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/ –  Case studies: enabling IPv6 in mobile networks –  Observation on iOS and Android devices –  Conclusion 2
  3. 3. IPv6 measurement End user readiness: World http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/XA 3 18/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 4.9 100% increase in the last 12 months
  4. 4. The IPv6 economy league table 4 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/ as of 19/10/2015 CC Country IPv6 capable (%) BE Belgium 44.67 CH Switzerland 27.11 US United States of America 26.06 DE Germany 24.55 PT Portugal 17.91 LU Luxembourg 16.37 EE Estonia 15.59 GR Greece 15.42 PE Peru 14.99 JP Japan 13.80 NO Norway 10.70 RO Romania 10.17 MY Malaysia 9.98 SG Singapore 9.63
  5. 5. Belgium 5 18/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 46.24 42% increase in the last 12 months http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/BE
  6. 6. Belgium IPv6 leaderboard 6 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 12392 Brutel 75.11 6848 Telenet 62.06 5432 Skynet 33.45 2611 Belnet 15.46 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/PE 06/10/2015
  7. 7. USA 7 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/US 01/10/2015 168% increase in the last 12 months 30/09/2015: IPv6 capable = 25.94
  8. 8. USA IPv6 leaderboard 8 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 22394 Verizon Wireless 90.09 16591 Google Fiber Inc. 84.42 22140 T-Mobile USA Inc. 70.10 7018 ATT Services Inc. 69.92 6621 Hughes Network Systems 67.00 7922 Comcast Cable Communications Inc. 52.34 29854 WestHost Inc. (hosting and cloud services) 47.47 46690 SNET 47.40 4436 GTT (cloud services) 44.73 12271 Time Warner Cable Internet LLC 41.30 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/US 6/10/2015
  9. 9. Japan 9 05/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 16.74 135% increase in the last 12 months http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/JP 06/10//2015
  10. 10. Japan IPv6 leaderboard 10 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 18126 CTC Chubu Telecommunications 61.61 2516 KDDI 46.50 7522 STCN STNet 49.47 2527 So-net Entertainment Corporation 36.19 10010 Tokai Communications Corporation 28.99 18144 Energia Communications Inc 21.00 9365 ITSCOM 15.86 9370 Sakura Internet 14.71 17676 Softbank BB Corp 13.97 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/US 07/05/2015
  11. 11. Norway 11 18/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 10.77 110% increase in the last 12 months
  12. 12. Norway IPv6 leaderboard 12 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 41164 GET Norway 28.36 2119 Telenor 10.86 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/NO 19//10/2015
  13. 13. Malaysia 13 05/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 9.98 120% increase in the last 12 months http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/MY 1910/2015
  14. 14. Malaysia IPv6 leaderboard 14 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 4788 TMTNET 14.84 38044 GITN Network 3.16 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/MY 07/05/2015)
  15. 15. TMnet 15 18/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 15.17 135% increase in the last 12 months http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/AS4788 20/10/2015
  16. 16. GITN 16 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/AS38044 20/10/2015 18/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 2.79
  17. 17. Singapore 17 20/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 9.83 140% increase in the last 12 months http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/SG 18/10/2015
  18. 18. Singapore IPv6 leaderboard 18 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 10091 StarHub Cable Vision 54.73 133165 Digital Ocean Inc (cloud services) 34.02 63949 Linode LLC (cloud services) 17.61 55430 StarHub Internet (NGNBN) 7.96 4773 MobileOne Ltd. 5.89 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/SG 06/10//2015
  19. 19. Observations •  IPv6 deployment is increasing steadily –  But varies among regions, economies, and individual ASNs –  Not happening simultaneously –  Some economies and ASNs have been very active in terms of IPv6 deployment •  Particularly mobile network, cloud services and cable TV operators •  Regional smaller size operators shows higher level of IPv6 readiness •  Once they enable IPv6 in their network and handsets, their end user readiness grows VERY rapidly •  It impacts to strongly respective economy’s IPv6 readiness level 19
  20. 20. Korea 20 19/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 0.83 What is behind of this increase? http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/KR 06/10/2015
  21. 21. Korea IPv6 leaderboard 21 ASN Organization IPv6 capable (%) 9644 SKTelecom 17.89 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/MY 07/05/2015)
  22. 22. SK Telecom 22 19/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 20.28 Officially launched IPv6 in their mobile networks in Sept 2014 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/AS9644 19/10/2015
  23. 23. 4th Largest userbase provider Rank    ASN    AS  Name   Users     (est.)    %  Of    Economy    IPv6     Capable  %     1   AS4766  KIXS-­‐AS-­‐KR  Korea  Telecom   19462848   45.6   0   2   AS9318  HANARO-­‐AS  Hanaro  Telecom  Inc.   7968011   18.67   0   3   AS17858  KRNIC-­‐ASBLOCK-­‐AP  KRNIC   4199534   9.84   0   4   AS9644  SKTELECOM-­‐NET-­‐AS  SK  Telecom   2756148   6.46   10.66   5   AS17853  LGTELECOM-­‐AS-­‐KR  LG  Telecom   2018127   4.73   0   6   AS3786  LGDACOM  LG  DACOM  CorporaIon   1280106   3   0  
  24. 24. Case study: Korea SK Telecom •  Deployed IPv6 transition technology (464xlat) in July 2014 –  Providing IPv4 services over an IPv6-only network •  Stable operation •  Why did SKT adopt IPv6 in their mobile networks? –  To lower CAPEX for Network Address Translator (NAT) –  To reduce pressure on CGN/NAT address translation devices –  To reduce operational complexity on managing duplicated networks –  Korean government’s encouragement •  Presentation at APNIC40, Sep 2015 –  https://conference.apnic.net/40/program#sessions/ipv6session 24
  25. 25. Verizon Wireless 25 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/AS22394, 18/10/2015 19/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 89.96
  26. 26. Case study: Verizon Wireless •  Deployed DS network in 2012 •  Why did Verizon Wireless decide to deploy IPv6? –  IPv6 allows VZW to provide globally routable addresses again •  No more NAT •  High quality connection –  IPv6 allows VZW to support accelerated growth of mobile •  VZW made a conscious decision to support IPv6 as part of LTE deployment –  LTE core addresses using IPv6 –  Dual Stack support on LTE User Equipment 26 http://conference.apnic.net/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/50813/vzw_apnic_13462152832-2.pdf
  27. 27. T-Mobile USA 27 http://stats.labs.apnic.net/ipv6/AS21928 20/10/2015 19/10/2015: IPv6 capable = 75.46
  28. 28. Case Study: T-Mobile USA •  Lack of IPv4 address space combined with rapid growth in “always-on” devices prompted a re-think on IP addressing strategy in late 2009 –  IPv4 does not fit the business need –  IPv6 deployment in 3GPP is easy •  Feasibility study and impact assessment on IPv6 deployment took about 9 months –  Introduction feature to handsets is a slow and careful process •  T-Mobile USA started an IPv6 friendly user trial in 2010 on their 2G/3G/ HSPA network –  Settled with IPv6-only + 464xlat transition technology to make everything work with IPv6-only •  T-Mobile USA did not spend any CAPEX to deploy IPv6 •  End users will be assigned with IPv6 as a default –  No IPv4 addresses will be assigned 28 http://conference.apnic.net/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/58870/tmo-ipv6-feb-2013_1361827441.pdf
  29. 29. IPv6 for mobile network operators •  Verizon: deployed Dual Stack network in 2012 •  T-Mobile USA: deployed 464XLAT in 2013 •  SK Telecom: deployed 464XLAT in 2014 •  Telstra Australia: Testing 464XLAT currently testing •  Telenor Norway •  Orange Poland 29
  30. 30. Observation on 464xlat •  Transition mechanisms like 464xlat work and can boost IPv6 capability in the right circumstances –  Android devices show remarkably high, consistent level of IPv6 capability –  Will not make sense for a company with large iOS handset deployment at the moment •  With Google, Facebook, Cloudflare, Akamai now routinely supporting dual-stack content –  It is likely a significant % of traffic flows over IPv6 and reduces pressure on the CGN/NAT requirement for IPv4 •  Helps to avoid pitfalls of legacy IPv4-only broadband deployments
  31. 31. iOS and 464xlat •  Apple made a decision (June 2015) NOT to implement 464xlat mechanisms –  iOS devices on a IPv6 cellular network do not support 464xlat. •  Therefore where there is significant iOS deployment, 464xlat excludes iOS •  Can we see this?
  32. 32. T-Mobile •  We know T-Mobile USA deployed 464xlat –  Pure IPv6 with translation for IPv4 •  It’s predominantly a Cellular provider with some WiFi services •  It should have a strong signal of IPv6 capability –  With no significant iOS usage
  33. 33. T-Mobile 80 60
  34. 34. T-Mobile Overall IPv6 capability Non cellular devices 80 60
  35. 35. T-Mobile Cellular devices 80 60
  36. 36. T-Mobile iOS Android 80 60
  37. 37. SK Telecom 20 10 Overall IPv6 capability
  38. 38. SK Telecom 20 10 Non cellular devices Overall IPv6 capability
  39. 39. SK Telecom 20 10 Cellular devices
  40. 40. SK Telecom iOS/Android IPv6 iOS Android
  41. 41. Verizon 100 60 80
  42. 42. Verizon Strongly grouped data. No bias against iOS Not using 464xlat translation technology Lower non-cellular device capability, probably signals use of MiFi and older OS 100 60 80
  43. 43. Conclusion
  44. 44. Mobile networks •  The business competency of mobile network operators: –  Shifting from being a traditional voice and messaging provider to a mobile broadband service provider –  Services on voice, messaging and data are converging on IP based services –  Rapidly increasing LTE deployment in the region •  Decision makers’ (mobile network operators) view –  Ready to move to Voice over LTE? –  Mobile cloud computing on top of the LTE network? –  What are key building blocks for all-IP strategy? –  What is your strategy to be innovative in the future – IoT? 44 http://lteconference.wordpress.com/
  45. 45. www.apnic.net/ipv6 45
  46. 46. www.apnic.net/ipv6 46
  47. 47. IPv6 Information for mobile network operators 47
  48. 48. THANK YOU www.facebook.com/APNIC www.twitter.com/apnic www.youtube.com/apnicmultimedia www.flickr.com/apnic www.weibo.com/APNICrir

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