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ICANN 49 - APNIC IPv6 Deployment

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Tony Smith gave an update on IPv4 address exhaustion as well the status of IPv6 deployment

ICANN 49 - APNIC IPv6 Deployment

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IPv6 Deployment:
Where are we now?
ICANN49, Singapore
March 2014
Tony Smith
<tony@apnic.net>
Agenda
•  Status update of IPv4 address exhaustion
•  A quick overview of IPv6 readiness among in the AP region
–  Review of several statistics
–  Transit providers and Content Providers
–  IPv6 ready end users
•  Review of IPv6 readiness statistics by economy
–  Partnership between public and private sectors
•  Growth path of the Internet
•  Conclusion
2
Status update of IPv4
address exhaustion
Review of several statistics
Available IPv4 /8s in each RIR
December 2013
IPv4 address exhaustion
Projection
5
http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/index.html
IPv6 readiness in the
world
Review of several statistics

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ICANN 49 - APNIC IPv6 Deployment

  • 1. IPv6 Deployment: Where are we now? ICANN49, Singapore March 2014 Tony Smith <tony@apnic.net>
  • 2. Agenda •  Status update of IPv4 address exhaustion •  A quick overview of IPv6 readiness among in the AP region –  Review of several statistics –  Transit providers and Content Providers –  IPv6 ready end users •  Review of IPv6 readiness statistics by economy –  Partnership between public and private sectors •  Growth path of the Internet •  Conclusion 2
  • 3. Status update of IPv4 address exhaustion Review of several statistics
  • 4. Available IPv4 /8s in each RIR December 2013
  • 6. IPv6 readiness in the world Review of several statistics
  • 7. IPv6 adoption in Internet core networks http://6lab.cisco.com/stats/cible.php?country=world 7
  • 8. World ranking IPv6 ready web sites http://www.vyncke.org/ipv6status/ http://www.vyncke.org/ipv6status/ 07/03/2014
  • 9. IPv6 enabled web sites among Alexa top-50 9 7 8 % AAAA for www.* reachable http://www.vyncke.org/ipv6status/plotsite.php?metric=w&global=legacy&pct=y07/03/2014
  • 10. IPv6 measurement End user readiness: World http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/Regions/001%20World/ as of 6/2/2014 10 Data source from “flash” and “JavaScript” and including viewers from mobile devices
  • 11. IPv6 deployment leaderboard in the World (commercial operators) 11 ASN Entity Economy IPv6 preferred rate 22394 Cellco Verizon Wireless US 55.60 18126 CTCX Chubu Telecommunications Company; Inc. JP 37.59 55430 STARHUBINTERNET-AS-NGNBN Starhub Internet Pte Ltd SG 36.55 2516 KDDI CORPORATION JP 30.06 3303 Swisscom (Switzerland) CH 27.43 8708 RSC & RDS SA RO 24.38 12322 PROXAD Free SAS FR 22.89 20825 Unitymedia NRW GmbH DE 22.19 6389 Bellsouth net Inc. US 20.26 7018 AT&T Services Inc. US 18.41 4739 INTERNODE-AS Internode Pty Ltd AU 17.76 7922 Comcast Cable Communications US 16.90 23655 Snap Internet Limited NZ 15.87 21928 T-Mobile USA US 12.26 4773 MobileOne Ltd Mobile/Internet Service Provider SG 10.49 http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/AS/ March 2014
  • 12. IPv6 in ICANN 2013 RAA •  ICANN has updated their “Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA)” in June 2013 –  All ICANN accredited registrars must sign to continue their affiliation with ICANN –  “3.19 Additional Technical Specifications to implement IPv6, DNNSEC and IDNs. Registrar shall comply with the Additional Registrar Operations Specification attached hereto.” •  Registrar shall provide an interactive web page and a port 43 Whois service via both IPv4 and IPv6 http://www.icann.org/en/resources/registrars/raa/proposed-agreement-07mar13-en.pdf
  • 13. Observation •  IPv6 deployment status is varied among regions, economies and individual ASN (network operators) –  IPv6 deployment is not happening all at once –  Some economies have been very active in terms of IPv6 deployment –  Some ASNs have been very active in terms of IPv6 •  Let’s look into some statistics and anecdotal evidences of some economies in the AP region 13
  • 14. IPv6 deployment status in the AP region
  • 15. China •  Announcement made by the Chinese State Council in Nov 2011 –  IPv6 mandates to the Industry •  “China will put Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) into small-scale commercial pilot use and form a mature business model by the end of 2013, the State Council recently said at an executive meeting about the main goals and road map for the China Next Generation Internet project” (People’s Daily Online, Jan 2012, http://english.people.com.cn/90778/7696495.html) •  3 million users for each operators by 2013 •  25 million users by 2015 –  SPs in China are responding to this mandate 15
  • 18. Hong Kong •  Series of initiative provided by Hong Kong OGCIO –  Supported academic research on IPv6 since 2003 –  Government backbone network was enabled with IPv6 in 2008 –  Government Internet Gateway systems was enabled with IPv6 in 2009 •  Public facing government services (200 website) are on IPv6 –  Supported the ISOC Hong Kong to organize the “IPv6 in Action!” project in 2012 •  APNIC provided our expertise for this project 18 http://www.ogcio.gov.Hong Kong/en/business/tech_promotion/ipv6/ipv6_development_in_Hong Kong.htm
  • 20. Japan •  Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications conducts regular IPv6 Study Group –  Partnership between the public and private sectors •  Detailed field level discussions –  Most recent one on July 2013 •  Active discussion on CGN: concerns on its relatively high costs, possible negative impact to end users •  Update on usage of existing IPv6 test bed (APs and CPs) •  Discussion on potential formats of IPv6 service deliveries: Default IPv6 services –  Some providers are experiencing positive result •  Discussion on IPv6 services in mobile networks •  Discussion on developing IPv6 security guidelines 20 http://www.soumu.go.jp/main_sosiki/joho_tsusin/policyreports/chousa/ipv6_internet/02kiban04_03000222.html
  • 22. Singapore •  IPv6 Transition Program lead by Infocomm Development Authority (iDA) of Singapore –  To apply multi-stakeholder approach in conjunction with “pull” and “push” strategies to support IPv6 adoption •  Create Initial IPv6 demand by enterprises, government agencies, content and application providers •  Create IPv6 supply by network providers •  Drive competency across multi-stakeholders •  Ensure IPv6 and IPv4 performance equity by hardware and software vendors •  Raise awareness on IPv6 across multi-stakeholders •  Managing IPv4 address exhaustion mainly by network providers –  To address the issue of IPv4 exhaustion and to facilitate the smooth transition of the Singapore inforcomm ecosystem to IPv6 –  To promote IPv6 adoption in the local industry 22 http://www.ida.gov.sg/Infocomm-Landscape/Technology/IPv6
  • 24. Taiwan •  “IPv6 Upgrade Promotion Program” lead by Ministry of Transportation and Communications •  Objectives –  Seamless transfer from IPv4 to IPv6 network environments in Chinese Taipei –  National Information and Communication’s Initiative to actively promote the gradual upgrade to IPv6 •  By 2013: Enable dual stack among 50% of public network services (Web, DNS, email) •  By 2015: Enable dual stack the remaining public network services •  Around 2016: All governments related network services to be IPv6 enabled around 2016 –  Monitoring IPv6 deployment status –  Active engagement among multi stakeholders 24 http://conference.apnic.net/36/program#/speaker/Sheng-Wei%20Kuo
  • 26. Growth path of the Internet
  • 27. Mobile cellular subscription (per 100 inhabitants) 27 http://statistics.apec.org/index.php/key_indicator/index Australia, 106.19 Brunei Darussalam, 113.77 China, 81.26 Taiwan, 126.46 Hong Kong, 227.93 Indonesia, 115.20 Japan, 109.43 Korea, 110.36 Malaysia, 140.94 New Zealand, 110.33 Papua New Guinea, 37.78 Singapore, 153.40 Thailand, 120.29 The Philippines, 106.77 Viet Nam, 149.41 0.00 50.00 100.00 150.00 200.00 250.00 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 28. Mobile cellular subscription (per 100 inhabitants) 28 http://statistics.apec.org/index.php/key_indicator/index Australia, 106.19 Brunei Darussalam, 113.77 China, 81.26 Taiwan, 126.46 Hong Kong, 227.93 Indonesia, 115.20 Japan, 109.43 Korea, 110.36 Malaysia, 140.94 New Zealand, 110.33 Papua New Guinea, 37.78 Singapore, 153.40 Thailand, 120.29 The Philippines, 106.77 Viet Nam, 149.41 0.00 50.00 100.00 150.00 200.00 250.00 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 •  More than one subscription per person •  Hong Kong : 225, Singapore: 150, Vietnam: 150, Malaysia: 140, Taiwan: 125, Thailand: 120, Indonesia: 115 •  We can conclude that aspiring economies are moving straight to Mobile networks.
  • 29. Global LTE growth focus www.4gamericas.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=page&pageid=1781 29
  • 30. LTE user devices 2011 - 2013 30 http://www.gsacom.com/news/gsa_387.php
  • 31. Mobile networks •  The business competency of mobile network operators: –  Shifting from being a traditional voice and messaging provider to a mobile broadband service provider –  Services on voice, messaging and data are converging on IP based services –  Rapidly increasing LTE deployment in the region •  Decision makers’ (mobile network operators) view –  Ready to move to Voice over LTE? –  Mobile cloud computing on top of the LTE network? –  What are key building blocks of all-IP strategy? 31 http://lteconference.wordpress.com/
  • 32. Case Study T-Mobile USA IPv6 on LTE Story •  Lack of IPv4 address space combined with rapid growth in “always-on” devices prompted a re-think on IP addressing strategy in late 2009 –  IPv4 does not fit the business need –  IPv6 deployment in 3GPP is easy •  Feasibility study and impact assessment on IPv6 deployment took about 9 months •  T-Mobile USA started IPv6 friendly user trial in 2010 on their 2G/ 3G/HSPA network –  Currently settled with IPv6-Only + 464XLAT transition technology to make everything work with IPv6-Only •  T-Mobile USA did not spent any CAPEX to deploy IPv6 •  Introduction feature to handsets is a slow and careful process 32 http://conference.apnic.net/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/58870/tmo-ipv6-feb-2013_1361827441.pdf
  • 34. Support the current and future growth •  The end-to-end Internet principle allows many stakeholders to interact directly, and provide foundation for innovation –  The Internet is a highly diverse and flexible amalgam of many components –  The speed of innovation is rapid •  Internet industry is at a critical turning point –  Choosing technologies that support the current business model, while establishing a foundation for a future business model is no simple task •  There is no one strategy that fits all –  Key success factor: Information sharing and continuous collaboration among multi-stakeholders of the Internet
  • 37. IPv6 for CTOs 37 http://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-cto A quick glance of the options currently available: IPv6 transition while extending IPv4 address life time:
  • 38. Thank you! 38 This presentation file is available at: <www.apnic.net/presentations>