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A Peering Strategy for
the Pacific Islands
Jonathan Brewer

jon@brewer.nz
These materials are licensed under the Creative C...
Pacific Island Networking Issues
• Poor performance, even from new cable infrastructure
• Exceptionally poor in-country per...
“People buy Horsepower, but drive torque.”
“People buy Megabits, but surf latency.”
Latency & Human Reaction Time
http://www.humanbenchmark.com/tests/reactiontime/statistics
24m tests show median reaction ~...
Pacific Cables: Ideal RTT Latencies
Pacific Latency Observers
Pacific Latency Observers
• Based on the Smokeping Network Monitoring Tool
• 15 servers, 12 in Asia-Pacific Region
• Monitor...
Pacific Latency Observer
N. Zealand
Washington
Philippines
Singapore
Hong Kong
Japan
Perth
South Korea
Los Angeles
Sydney
Fiji
Tonga
Vanuatu
NCaled...
N. Zealand
Washington
Philippines
Singapore
Hong Kong
Japan
Perth
South Korea
Los Angeles
Sydney
Fiji
Tonga
Vanuatu
NCaled...
N. Zealand
Washington
Philippines
Singapore
Hong Kong
Japan
Perth
South Korea
Los Angeles
Sydney
Fiji
Tonga
Vanuatu
NCaled...
N. Zealand
Washington
Philippines
Singapore
Hong Kong
Japan
Perth
South Korea
Los Angeles
Sydney
Fiji
Tonga
Vanuatu
NCaled...
RIPE Atlas Project
• RIPE Atlas is a network of probes
• Measuring Internet connectivity & reachability
• Using DNS, HTTP,...
9,200 probes in January 2016
Atlas Measurements
Guam via RIPE Atlas: November 2015
Docomo GTA iConnect IT&E PDS
Docomo
GTA
iConnect
IT&E
PDS
FSM & Marshall Islands: November 2015
Docomo GTA iConnect IT&E PDS
FSM
MINTA
Guam Hawaii Los Angeles
Asymmetric Routing
A Peering Strategy
for the Pacific Islands
Help: Network Visibility
• Where is your network traffic going?
• What networks are your “Top Talkers”?
• Are your customer...
Help: Transit & Peering
• All transit is not equal
• A link without committed latency can go anywhere
• Lack of understand...
Help: Streaming Media
• CDN content is available in the Pacific at Tokyo or Sydney
• There’s no reason to take CDN traffic f...
Help: RIPE Atlas Project
• Probes are free for networks - even multiple probes
• Assistance is available for many tasks be...
Next Steps: ISIF Project
• Integrated Pacific Performance Website Online
• Analyse Benefits of Regional Peering Points
• Doe...
How Can You Help?
• Interviews: Tell me your stories, please!
• Where have things gone right?
• Where have things gone wro...
Email: jon@brewer.nz
Skype/Twitter: @kiwibrew
Thank You!
A Peering Strategy for the Pacific Islands
A Peering Strategy for the Pacific Islands
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A Peering Strategy for the Pacific Islands

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Presentation by Jonathan Brewer at APRICOT 2017 on Tuesday, 28 February 2017.

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A Peering Strategy for the Pacific Islands

  1. 1. A Peering Strategy for the Pacific Islands Jonathan Brewer jon@brewer.nz These materials are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)
  2. 2. Pacific Island Networking Issues • Poor performance, even from new cable infrastructure • Exceptionally poor in-country performance • Little emphasis on Research & Education networking • No consideration for regional peers or trading partners • Focus on purchasing the cheapest capacity available
  3. 3. “People buy Horsepower, but drive torque.” “People buy Megabits, but surf latency.”
  4. 4. Latency & Human Reaction Time http://www.humanbenchmark.com/tests/reactiontime/statistics 24m tests show median reaction ~250ms
  5. 5. Pacific Cables: Ideal RTT Latencies
  6. 6. Pacific Latency Observers
  7. 7. Pacific Latency Observers • Based on the Smokeping Network Monitoring Tool • 15 servers, 12 in Asia-Pacific Region • Monitoring 77 Pacific networks every 5 minutes • Servers co-located near or at cable landing points • Between 6-18 months of data available for all networks • Data will be publicly available as part of the project
  8. 8. Pacific Latency Observer
  9. 9. N. Zealand Washington Philippines Singapore Hong Kong Japan Perth South Korea Los Angeles Sydney Fiji Tonga Vanuatu NCaledonia PNG FSM Marshalls Samoa F Polynesia Guam Mariannas Oregon San Jose Solomons Nauru Niue Cook Is. Kiribati < 80 ms 80-160 ms 160-240 ms 240-320 ms > 320 ms Hawaii Hawaii: In Theory
  10. 10. N. Zealand Washington Philippines Singapore Hong Kong Japan Perth South Korea Los Angeles Sydney Fiji Tonga Vanuatu NCaledonia PNG FSM Marshalls Samoa F Polynesia Guam Mariannas Oregon San Jose Solomons Nauru Niue Cook Is. Kiribati < 80 ms 80-160 ms 160-240 ms 240-320 ms > 320 ms Hawaii Hawaii: In Practice
  11. 11. N. Zealand Washington Philippines Singapore Hong Kong Japan Perth South Korea Los Angeles Sydney Fiji Tonga Vanuatu NCaledonia PNG FSM Marshalls Samoa F Polynesia Guam Mariannas Oregon San Jose Solomons Nauru Niue Cook Is. Kiribati < 80 ms 80-160 ms 160-240 ms 240-320 ms > 320 ms Hawaii Sydney: In Theory
  12. 12. N. Zealand Washington Philippines Singapore Hong Kong Japan Perth South Korea Los Angeles Sydney Fiji Tonga Vanuatu NCaledonia PNG FSM Marshalls Samoa F Polynesia Guam Mariannas Oregon San Jose Solomons Nauru Niue Cook Is. Kiribati < 80 ms 80-160 ms 160-240 ms 240-320 ms > 320 ms Hawaii Sydney: In Practice
  13. 13. RIPE Atlas Project • RIPE Atlas is a network of probes • Measuring Internet connectivity & reachability • Using DNS, HTTP, ICMP, and NTP
  14. 14. 9,200 probes in January 2016
  15. 15. Atlas Measurements
  16. 16. Guam via RIPE Atlas: November 2015 Docomo GTA iConnect IT&E PDS Docomo GTA iConnect IT&E PDS
  17. 17. FSM & Marshall Islands: November 2015 Docomo GTA iConnect IT&E PDS FSM MINTA
  18. 18. Guam Hawaii Los Angeles Asymmetric Routing
  19. 19. A Peering Strategy for the Pacific Islands
  20. 20. Help: Network Visibility • Where is your network traffic going? • What networks are your “Top Talkers”? • Are your customers being well served? • Local peering is important for this • Are you planning your capacity based on data? • Or just buying on salesperson recommendations?
  21. 21. Help: Transit & Peering • All transit is not equal • A link without committed latency can go anywhere • Lack of understanding of transit purchase strategies • Long-term agreements must predict growth • Lack of understanding of peering strategies • Free peering is great, paid peering is also ok
  22. 22. Help: Streaming Media • CDN content is available in the Pacific at Tokyo or Sydney • There’s no reason to take CDN traffic from Los Angeles • Closer content is cheaper content • Latency matters for CDN/Streaming Media Access • TCP rx windows restricted to improve CDN throughput • Distant users suffer to increase performance for all
  23. 23. Help: RIPE Atlas Project • Probes are free for networks - even multiple probes • Assistance is available for many tasks beyond setup • Monitoring & Systems integration • Visibility from the world • Custom Measurements
  24. 24. Next Steps: ISIF Project • Integrated Pacific Performance Website Online • Analyse Benefits of Regional Peering Points • Does every country need an exchange? Maybe not. • Assess needs for training & assistance • Network Visibility, Transit & Peering, CDNs, Atlas
  25. 25. How Can You Help? • Interviews: Tell me your stories, please! • Where have things gone right? • Where have things gone wrong? • RIPE Atlas Probes: Host one, please! • They use around ~10kbps of traffic • Only need to allow ping, traceroute, http(s)
  26. 26. Email: jon@brewer.nz Skype/Twitter: @kiwibrew Thank You!

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