Waste Segregation for Dummies - Presentation by Ragpicker in ApnaComplex event


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Waste Segregation for Dummies is an excellent guide to people and communities getting started in waste management. It provides a overview of various types of waste and how to manage them.

This presentation has been created by Mr. Vijay Krishnan of Ragpicker.in and the same has been presented in "Waste Management for Apartments" awareness sessions organized by ApnaComplex.com

Waste Segregation for Dummies - Presentation by Ragpicker in ApnaComplex event

  1. 1. Waste Segregation for Dummies Welcome to the world of Segregated Waste
  2. 2. Contents- why segregate- waste categories- where to start- do’s & don’ts
  3. 3. Pic courtesy: epaper.timesofindia.com What do you change? From this…Waste dump in your neighborhood Garbage dumped off Hosur Road , Bangalore300 cows die every year in Bangalore alone eating plastic laden waste A typical unscientific landfill around here…
  4. 4. What is in it for You!For Individual homes• Better management of household waste• Eco-friendly image generates respect among peers• Practical education of children on topics such as materials, recycling, decomposition• Greater participation in RWA affairsFor RWA/Community• Eco-friendly image of RWA/Community generates respect among peers• Reduced expense for disposal of solid waste• Income generation through sale of recyclables• Greater residents participation in RWA affairsFor Community & Society• Better management of household waste• Increased recycling of plastics, paper etc• Hazardous waste kept out of landfill• Employment generation in recycling industry 4
  5. 5. What do you change? …to Thiswet waste composting sanitary waste incinerationdry waste recycling hazardous & e-waste recycling/safe disposal
  6. 6. Waste Categories Wet Waste Sanitary WasteDebris/Inert Dry Waste Hazardous/ e-waste
  7. 7. Waste Categories
  8. 8. Where to start? establish collection at home Wet Waste Sanitary Waste Dry waste Hazardous/ e-waste Debris/InertCollect in a pedal bin lined Collect in newspaper bag Collect in a bag in the Collect small items Collect in a bin inwith newspapers. DO NOT kept in bathroom kitchen/utility in a cover the utility USE PLASTIC BAGS. DAILY DAILY WEEKLY QUARTERLY PERIODIC 8
  9. 9. What is Wet Waste? Vegetable/Fruit waste Food waste except very oily waste Tea leaves/Coffee powder Garden trimmings/leaves Flowers Pencil shavings Match Sticks Shredded Newspaper Soiled Tissue Paper 9
  10. 10. What is NOT Wet Wastex Soiled food coversx Sanitary Waste such as napkins and diapersx Cigarette buttsx Watery stuff (drain away the liquid from sambhar/curry before disposing it for composting)x Bits of plastic (cut pieces from your milk covers can harm biogas/composting process)x Dead animals (rats, cockroaches etc.)x Weeds and diseased plants from the garden Watery Sambhar Coconut Shells /Rasam/Curries. Drain (collect separately . Can be liquid before disposal Take-way container used as fuel) with yoghurt 10
  11. 11. Wet Waste CollectionCollection: Covered bin in Kitchen lined with newspaper. Tear newspaper lengthwise to get 2 longpieces. Place them into the bin to cover the bin inner surface. NO PLASTIC BAGS! 11
  12. 12. Wet Waste Do’s1 Leftover Sambhar? Strain using a steel strainer to Dispose food contents into drain the liquid into the sink Wet Waste bin 12
  13. 13. Home Composting OptionsDaily Dump: Leave-it-Pots or Khamba Bokashi Composting http://www.dailydump.org/products/leave-it-pots 13
  14. 14. What is Sanitary Waste? Diapers Sanitary Napkins Condoms Syringes Shaving Blades Ear Buds Old Tablets Bandages/Plasters Fingernails Hair/Animal Hair Scrap cloth Animal bones (large) 14
  15. 15. Sanitary Waste Do’s Collect in a newspaper cone or bag Wash out poop from diapers into the toilet before disposing baby diapers Reusable cloth diapers for your baby at least at homeReusable diapers guide: http://www.realdiaperassociation.org/guide/ http://www.realdiaperassociation.org/wash/index.phpDid you know: Disposable diapers take 500 long years to decompose 15
  16. 16. What is Dry Waste? Plastics Paper Metal, Glass & Others  Plastic bags  Tickets  Aerosol cans  Plastic bottles  Bills & statements*  Aluminum cans/foil  Plastic packaging  Envelopes & Covers  Metal bottle caps  Broken toys  Notices  Glass bottles & Jars  Bubble wrap  Pamphlets  Incandescent Bulbs,  Take-away containers*  Paper wrappers  Tetrapack  Food packets*  Computer Printouts  Thermocole/Styrofoam  Pickle packs*  Paper plates  Milk Sachets* Papers that are oily and soiled tissue WARNING: Do not crush aerosol cans papers should be discarded with debris Rinse and dry glass bottles before disposal* Food packets, pickle packs and take-away wastefood containers have to be thoroughly Dispose broken glass/ceramic with debris wasterinsed and dried before disposal * Tear any confidential papers such as bank after placing in a thick plastic/paper bag statements/notices before disposal.* Food covers that are too oily should bediscarded with debris waste Newspapers can be collected on a monthly basis and donated to NGOs who make bags for sanitary waste. 16
  17. 17. What is NOT Dry Wastex Wet waste (yuck! ruins the waste carefully segregated by others)x Sweeping dust, wood waste etc. (dispose with debris waste or with wet waste)x Human/Animal hair (it’s of course dry but sadly not recyclable, dispose with sanitary waste)x Soiled food covers/containers (rinse and dry them before disposing with dry waste)x Sanitary Waste such as napkins and diapers (dispose used/unused diapers etc. with sanitary waste)x Cigarette butts Do not dispose take away containers with food. Do not dispose Human or pet- Do not dispose ear buds, Dispose food in Wet Waste bin, rinse and hair with dry waste. Dispose waxing strips etc with Dry dry the container/cover and before disposing with dry waste these in Sanitary Waste Waste. These should go with Sanitary Waste. 17
  18. 18. Dry Waste Do’s 1Food in a cover? Rinse cover if food contents were wet. Dry at kitchen sink before disposing in your Dry Dispose food contents Waste bag into Wet Waste bin 18
  19. 19. Dry Waste Do’s 2 3 Squeeze your toothpaste facewash etc to the last before disposal. Use an old toothbrush for this …saves at least a week’s worth of stuff Empty and rinse out remnants in shampoo or moisturizer bottles.4 5 Open up and crush/fold paper cartons before disposal. Dilute soap and hand Saves a load of space wash concentrates with up to 2/3rds water. It’ll still be effective 19
  20. 20. Dry Waste CollectionCollection: Collect Dry Waste Collection: Fix a bin on the Collection: Rinse and dry milkin bag* hung in your kitchen or cupboard door of your sink. Use covers. Collect in a box toutility area. this to collect your Dry Waste dispose monthly to your local scrap dealer* Do not use thin polythene bags to store Dry Waste at your home Plastic woven bags or cloth bags are sturdy and reusable 20
  21. 21. Dry Waste Sorting@ HomeOnce a week sort dry waste collected in your bag intoPlastic, Paper, Metal & Others. Dispose to common drywaste collection Best Practice: RWA to provide residents with woven plastic bags labeled with house no and sorting categories as per requirement . Please check with your Dry Waste collector on categories of sorting required. Apartments having adequate space and labor can have a post collection sorting established. 21
  22. 22. What is Haz/E-Waste? Paints Automobile Lubricants Dry Cells (Batteries) Car /2-wheeler batteries Fluorescent Lamps Mobile Chargers Computer peripherals CDs …anything with a plug Hazardous Waste E-Waste 22
  23. 23. Haz/E-Waste Do’s Collect small items such as batteries in a cover Do no break CFL’s and Tube lights (Fluorescent lamps) Maintenance personnel should use industrial grade gloves while handling haz/e-waste 23
  24. 24. What is Debris Waste? Sweeping Dust Oily Plastic/paper Soiled Scrap Cloth Rubber waste (slippers) Gilt Paper/Gift Wrapping Foil covers (lays/kurkure packs) Construction debris 24
  25. 25. RecyclanthemCans and bottles, don’t throw it away,Paper, plastic don’t throw it away,Recycle and Recycle,Let’s all try and recycle.We’re on a mission to save the world,Doesn’t matter if you’re a boy or a girl,Don’t put it off and don’t hesitate,Because tomorrow …. may be too late. 25
  26. 26. Happy Segregation, Composting and Recycling! vijay.krishnan@ragpicker.in http://www.slideshare.net/ragpickerify http://www.youtube.com/user/ragpickerify 26