Present By Fengjun Yuan Emelie Sandoval Eric Moreau
Definition of Allusion: A brief, usually indirect reference to a person, place, or event--real or fictional in history or another work of literature. Uses: If a character uses an allusion, it says a lot about what kind of person he is. Allusions in narration also add new shades of Charles Darwin and Wrinkles the Wonderbrain play a meaning to the story. friendly game of "Dominant Predator" to illustrate how natural selection can gradually produce something even as complex as an eye.
Casual Reference:"the use of language which recalls a specific antecedent, but only in a general sense" that is relatively unimportant to the new context “He was a real Romeo with the Single Reference: the hearer or reader ladies.” Romeo was a character is intended to "recall the context of the in Shakespeare’s play, Romeo model and apply that context to the new and Juliet, and was very situation“ romantic in expressing his love Self-Reference: the locus is in the poets for Juliet. own work “I thought the software would Corrective Allusion: the imitation is be useful, but it was a Trojan clearly in opposition to the original Horse.” This refers to the horse sources intentions that the Greeks built that contained all the soldiers. It was Apparent Reference: which seems given as a gift to the enemy clearly to recall a specific model but during the Trojan War and, which on closer inspection frustrates once inside the enemys walls, that intention the soldiers broke out. By using Multiple Reference or Conflation: trickery, the Greeks won the war. refers in various ways simultaneously to several sources, fusing and transforming the cultural traditions.
Definition: The way a Hyena needs to change laughing person views demeanor to receive sympathy from jury. (sarcastic) something or tends to behave towards it, often in an evaluative way.(stylistic/rhetorica l device) Use: To make readers understand the person’s point of view more easily.
For example, Hamlet’s attitude toward Gertrude is a mixture of affection and revulsion, changing from one to the other within a single scene. Jane Austen’s attitude toward Mr. Bennet in Pride and Prejudice combines respect for his wit and intelligence with disapproval of his failure to take sufficient responsibility for the rearing of all of his daughters.
Definition: The simple repeating of a word, within a sentence or a poetical line, with no particular placement of the words.(Rhetorical device) Use: In order to emphasize something. Example: Today, as never before, the fates of men are so intimately linked to one another that a disaster for one is a disaster for everybody. (Natalia Ginzburg, The Little Virtues, 1962)
Definition: The author’s use of sensory related words to project a picture and evoke the readers’ emotions. It deals with the five senses: sight, touch, taste, smell, hearing.
There are three On a starry winter night in Portugal kinds of figures Where the ocean kissed the southern shore of speech: There a dream I never thought would come to comparisons, pass Came and went like time substitutions, spent through an hourglass and ambiguities. -Teena Marie, “Portuguese Love”
Definition: Details are most commonly the facts given by the author or speaker as support for the attitude or tone. The speaker’s perspective shapes what details are given and which are not. Example: Chaucer’s “Prologue” to The Canterbury Tales is celebrated for its use of a few details to bring the characters to life. The miller, for example, is described as being brawny and big-boned, able to win
Definition: A literary technique that is a part of composition, which encompasses the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work. Use: How you express it.
Examples: My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun. (restrained) An old, mad, blind, despised, and dying king. (somber, candid) Love sets you going like a fat gold watch. (fanciful) Smiling, the boy fell dead.(shocking) He clasps the crag with crooked hands.(dramatic)
Definition: A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust. Use: To tell readers the truth.
Definition: “Stream of Consciousness” writing that represents the inner thoughts of a character. Recording the internal or emotional thoughts or feelings of an individual. Uses: A literary attempt to present the mental processes of a character before they are formed into regular patterns of speech or logical sequence
Definition: to indicate beforehand, prefigure, Uses: to prepare the reader for what comes later on in the work to a certain degree
Definition: “Breaking the Fourth Wall”, the character speaks to the audience and no other characters, a brief but true statement of the characters unspoken thoughts Uses: intended for the audience or reader
Definition: an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work, form of reminiscence Uses: to interrupt the chronological sequence of events to interject events of earlier occurrence to confirm an explanation of a factor of a characters development
Definition: poetic figure "Twinkle, twinkle, little star, of speech in which a How I wonder what you are. personification is Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky.“- addressed to an emotion, “The Star”, Jane Taylor, 1806 the deceased, or a Greek god, etc. "Oh! Stars and clouds and winds, ye are all about to mock me; if ye really pity me, Uses: to give the speaker crush sensation and the ability to address a memory; let me become as naught; but if not, depart, listener who is not depart, and leave me in present, sometimes an darkness.”- “Frankenstein”, imaginary person, or Mary Shelley, 1818 idea/quality
Definition: the act of talking to oneself, a dramatic monologue that represents a series of unspoken reflections, self revealing Uses: usually used in dramas where characters speak to themselves of their thoughts and feelings as well as to the audience, not towards other characters
Definition: Point of view is the way the author allows you to "see" and "hear" whats going on. Point of view comes in three varieties: First person, second person, and third person. Also, omniscient, limited omniscient, and objective. Use: A way for the reader to get inside a character’s head, to know what they are thinking, feeling, seeing and experiencing.
Definition: "Manipulation of time" in writing is when the novelist changes this pattern for artistic or plot reasons, such as flashbacks [where the action in chapter 2 actually precedes the action in chapter 1] or flash forwards, where the novelist wants us to know about something in the future before continuing with the rest of the story.
Definition: Is a conversation, or a literary work in the form of a conversation. Use: To reveal characters and to advance the plot. Also, the lines spoken by a character in a play, essay, story, or novel.
Definition: Its a point (usually an event) in a book where the plot/story takes a (sometimes unexpected) turn, and things change. Use: To catch the readers attention.
Definition: Is a character, with generalized traits (characteristics that make the character a group representative rather than an individual). Writers sometimes use stereotypes as minor characters. Uses: So that the character is immediately identified with a group.