Poetic styles and forms


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Poetic styles and forms

  1. 1. By: Jennifer Gonzalez and Molly Manchester Period: 8
  2. 2.  Characterized by the belief that man is inherently good, a pride in nationalism, and a focus on individuality, emotions over logic.
  3. 3. REMEMBER:INTRODUCTORY POEM TO MILTON "And did those feet in ancient time," Romantic Walk upon Englands mountains green:  Man is an "And was the holy Lamb of God," individual On Englands pleasant pastures seen "And did the Countenance Divine," Shine forth upon our clouded hills? "And was Jerusalem builded here," Among these dark Satanic Mills? William Blake
  4. 4.  The most popular Ballads tell a story and ballad form is the four- are considered a form of line stanza in which the narrative poetry. They first and third lines are are often used in songs written in iambic and have a very musical tetrameter (four iambs) quality to them. and the second and fourth are written in iambic trimeter (three iambs), with a rhyme scheme of ABAB (the third line doesn’t necessarily have to rhyme with A)
  5. 5. THE BALLAD OF THECARS REMEMBER: "Now this is the price of a stirrup-cup," The kneeling doctor said.  Ballads tell a story just like And syne he bade them take him up, ballerinas do. For he saw that the man was dead. They took him up, and they laid him down ( And, oh, he did not stir ), And they had him into the nearest town To wait the Coroner. They drew the dead-cloth over the face, They closed the doors upon, And the cars that were parked in the market- place Made talk of it anon. Rudyard Kipling
  6. 6.  Couplets are any two lines working as a unit, they may comprise a single stanza or may be part of a larger stanza. Most couplets rhyme (aa), but they do not have to. Heroic Couplet- two lines of iambic pentameter, also the last two lines of the English sonnet. Alexandrine Couplet- an alexandrine couplet is two rhymed lines iambic hexameter.
  7. 7. HEROICO could I flow like thee, and make thy streamMy great example, as it is my theme!Though deep yet clear, though gentle yet notdull;Strong without rage, without oerflowing full.-From Cooper’s Hill by John Denham Remember: Couplets as couples.
  8. 8. Shakespearean Petrarchan Has fourteen lines  Has Fourteen lines and is written in and is written in iambic pentameter iambic pentameter Three quatrains and a  Composed of an couplet octave and a sestet Rhyme scheme is  Rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg abbaabba, cdecde or cdcdcd
  9. 9.  Shall I compare thee to a summers day?  In what bright realm, what sphere of radiant thought Thou art more lovely and more Did Nature find the model whence she drew temperate: That delicate dazzling image where we view Rough winds do shake the darling buds Here on this earth what she in heaven wrought? of May, What fountain-haunting nymph, what dryad, And summers lease hath all too short a sought date: In groves, such golden tresses ever threw Upon the gust? What heart such virtues Sometime too hot the eye of heaven knew?— shines Though her chief virtue with my death is and often is his gold complexion frought. He looks in vain for heavenly beauty, he dimmed; Who never looked upon her perfect eyes, And every fair from fair sometimes The vivid blue orbs turning brilliantly – declines, He does not know how Love yields and denies; By chance or natures changing course He only knows, who knows how sweetly she untrimmed; Can talk and laugh, the sweetness of her sighs. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, - Translation of Petrarch, Sonnet 159 Nor lose possession of that fair thou owst; Nor shall death brag thou wanderst in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growst: So long as men can breathe, or eyes can
  10. 10.  an elaborately Remember: structured poem Extraodedinary praising or glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well as emotionally
  11. 11. In December, the knife sinksunabated, into living flesh,the tomato red viscerainvades a coolthe kitchen, sun,it enters at lunchtime, profound, inexhaustible,takes populates the saladsits ease of Chile, happily, it is wedon countertops, to the clear onion,among glasses, and to celebrate the unionbutter dishes, we pourblue saltcellars. oil,It sheds - Excerpt from Ode toits own light, Tomatoes By Pablo Nerudabenign majesty.Unfortunately, wemustmurder it:
  12. 12.  Free verse requires no  Free is Free! meter, rhyme. Or other poetic techniques.
  13. 13. BUTTERFLY I am a Butterfly. I am one of the most beautiful insects of the world. I eat nectar, but I dont harm the flowers. I have many enemies. I wander through the forests playing with all my butterfly friends. Their names are; Hippy, Dippy, Hopi, and Floppy. I cant forget my best friends. Poppy and Moppy. But do you know who really are my best friends? Could you try to guess? I think you might have a good idea. YOU! I like how you like to be you and not somebody who you arent.
  14. 14. NARRATIVE narrative poem is one that tells a story. It follows a similar structure as that for a short story or novel. There is a beginning, a middle and an end, as well as the usual literary devices such as character and plot. usually contains a series of rhyming couplets (ABAB). It can also contain any of the usual literary devices: alliteration, assonance, consonance, repetition, and so on Remember:Narrator tells a story
  15. 15. Ex. Narrative poemHere is an excerpt from Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven.” Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.`Tis some visitor, I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door -Only this, and nothing more
  16. 16.  A lyric poem is a relatively short, non-narrative poem that expresses emotions or personal feelings. A lyric can be an ode or even a sonnet, but does not have to be set to music. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feeling, state of mind, and perceptions. Remember :song lyrics demonstrate emotion
  17. 17.  To an Athlete Dying Young by A. E. Housman The time you won your town the race We chaired you through the market-place; Man and boy stood cheering by, And home we brought you shoulder-high. To-day, the road all runners come, Shoulder-high we bring you home, And set you at your threshold down, Townsman of a stiller town
  18. 18.  Metaphysical poems are lyrical poems usually containing intense meditations, characterized by striking use of wit, irony, and play on words. Underneath the formal structure is the underlying structure of the poets argument. Often depicts struggle between opposites May feature short, aggressive meters Less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, Metaphysical poetry is marked by bold and ingenious conceits (e.g., metaphors drawing sometimes forced parallels between apparently dissimilar ideas or things), complex and subtle thought, frequent use of paradox, and a dramatic directness of language Remember: “physical” demonstrating conflicts or arguments
  19. 19.  THE FLEA. by John Donne MARK but this flea, and mark in this, How little that which thou deniest me is ; It suckd me first, and now sucks thee, And in this flea our two bloods mingled be. Thou knowst that this cannot be said A sin, nor shame, nor loss of maidenhead ; Yet this enjoys before it woo, And pamperd swells with one blood made of two.
  20. 20. LIMERICK POEM A limerick is a silly poem with five lines. They are often funny or nonsensical. The last words of the first, second, and fifth lines all rhyme with each other. The rhyme scheme is AABBA. Example: rhythm stick
  21. 21. EXAMPLE There once was a young girl named Jill. Who was scared by the sight of a drill. She brushed every day So her dentist would say, “Your teeth are so perfect; no bill.”
  22. 22. A dramatic monologue is a literary form, usually a poem, in which you have one person, speaking to an audience or "thinking aloud," who is clearly a character and not the poet. Prologue: an introduction to a play or poem. drama: an episode that is turbulent or highly emotional.
  23. 23.  He didn’t move; the digging still went on; Men stooped and shoveled; someone gave a grunt, And moaned and died with agony in the sludge. Then the long hiss of shells lifted and stopped. He stared into the gloom; a rocket curved, And rifles rattled angrily on the left Down by the wood, and there was noise of bombs. Then the damned English loomed in scrambling haste Out of the dark and struggled through the wire, And there was shouts and curses; someone screamed And men began to blunder down the trench Without their rifles. It was time to go: He grabbed his coat; stood up, gulping some bread; Then clutched his head and fell. I found him there In the gray morning when the place was held. His face was in the mud; one arm flung out As when he crumpled up; his sturdy legs Were bent towards his trunk; heels to the sky.
  24. 24.  An elegy poem is a poem that is written on the occasion of or about someones death. an elaborately formal lyric poem lamenting the death of a friend or public figure Remember: elegy is like empty. Sorrow.
  25. 25.  Joachims Du Bellays "Elegy on His Cat” I have not lost my rings, my purse, My gold, my gems-my loss is worse, One that the stoutest heart must move. My pet, my joy, my little love, My tiny kitten, my Belaud, I lost, alas, three days ago
  26. 26.  Blank verse is a verse that does not rhyme, but it still has a regular meter. Blank Verse is Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter Iambic pentameter simply means that each normal line has ten syllables, five of them stressed, and that the rhythm is biased towards a pattern in which an unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed one. Remember: It’s blank, can’t think of rhyme.
  27. 27.  The Ball Poem by John Berryman What is the boy now, who has lost his ball, What, what is he to do? I saw it go Merrily bouncing, down the street, and then Merrily over-there it is in the water!