Japan

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Japan

  1. 1. Japan Physical Landscape, Culture and Traditions, History, and Current Issues
  2. 2. Physical <ul><li>Japan is an archipelago </li></ul><ul><li>Four main islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kyushu (closest to Korea) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shikoku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honshu (largest & most populous) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hokkaido (most isolated) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Physical <ul><li>Forces of nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcanoes (Ring of Fire) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typhoons </li></ul></ul>Mt. Fuji
  4. 4. Physical <ul><li>Large population on a small portion of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Pacific Ocean moderates Japan’s climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mild summers, mild winters </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Resources and Economy <ul><li>Major crop is rice </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing is a big industry </li></ul><ul><li>Produce ¾ of food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost self-sufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent on other countries for mineral resources (coal, oil, etc.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. People and Culture <ul><li>Isolation has made the Japanese ethnocentric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese myth of creation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homogenous society </li></ul>
  7. 7. Early History <ul><li>Feudal society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local lords rule the land but are bound to higher lords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class system of Japanese feudalism: </li></ul></ul>Samurai : warrior knights The Emperor Commoners (peasants and merchants) This system continued until the 1800s, about the time that imperialism reached Asia.
  8. 8. Japanese Traditions <ul><li>Buddhism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believe anyone can achieve enlightenment through faith </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zen Buddhism : gain self-control through meditation and self-discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What the samurai follow </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Shinto : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A form of animism , spirits also control natural events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a link between the people and the forces of nature </li></ul></ul>Japanese Traditions
  10. 10. <ul><li>Confucianism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guides family life in Japan (respect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men are superior to women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family members owe complete obedience to head of household </li></ul></ul>Japanese Traditions
  11. 11. Japan Today <ul><li>After WWII, western customs and traditions began to gain popularity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan adopted western technology and forms of government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Through years of national unity and traditions of hard work and respect, Japan has become leading modern world power </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>There is a focus on high-tech industry </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Particularly electronics (Sony, Panasonic, Sanyo, Mitsubishi) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the highest standards of living in the world </li></ul>Japan Today
  13. 13. Current Issues <ul><li>Urbanization has led to overcrowding in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Labor shortage </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low birth rate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aging population </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Review <ul><li>Japan’s four main islands </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, Resources, and Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal class system of Japan’s early history </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism, Shinto, and Confucianism in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on high-tech industries </li></ul><ul><li>Current Issues </li></ul>

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