Goals Problems Of Modernization

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Goals Problems Of Modernization

  1. 1. Modernization How are developing countries trying to develop?
  2. 2. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Three Goals of Developing Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Political Stability- colonial powers drew boundaries, often placing diverse cultures into one nation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Three Goals of Developing Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Political Stability- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Those groups compete for power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military leaders often seize power ( coup d’etat ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Three Goals of Developing Nations </li></ul><ul><li>2. Economic Diversity - producing various goods and services so a nation is no longer dependent on one crop or industry </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern farming methods and machinery </li></ul></ul></ul>Goals of Modernization
  5. 5. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Three Goals of Developing Nations </li></ul><ul><li>3. Education and Services </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase literacy (U.S.=99%, lowest 3 are African) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water/sewage systems </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Success stories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Success stories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Success stories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Not quite there yet… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Not quite there yet… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Goals of Modernization <ul><li>Not quite there yet… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latin American countries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Problems of Development <ul><li>Population explosion </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over ¾ of the world’s pop lives in developing countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In traditional societies, people have more kids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health care has increased life expectancy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Urbanization: result of population growth and industrialization </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population density : average number of people living in an area </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Problems of Development <ul><li>Cultural change </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer ties to family, high crime rates, drug abuse, loss of traditional values </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ The Growing Gap” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth, failure to modernize, and constant debt have widened the gap between developing and developed countries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Global Issues <ul><li>Refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal drug trade </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of bombings, hijackings, etc to publicize their cause and achieve their goals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The environment </li></ul><ul><li>Economic interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and the future (page 46) </li></ul>
  15. 16. Review <ul><li>Goals of Modernization </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of Modernization </li></ul>

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