Christianity

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Christianity

  1. 1. Christianity Development, Teaching, and Spread of the Religion
  2. 2. Rise of Christianity <ul><li>This religion grew out of Jewish traditions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish prophets predicted that a messiah , or one anointed by Yahweh, would be sent to deliver the Jews from foreign rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus, founder of Christianity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rise of Christianity <ul><li>Gospels : written by the followers of Jesus, tell about the life of Jesus </li></ul>
  4. 5. Rise of Christianity <ul><li>Roman officials worried about Jesus’ popularity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They considered him to be a rebel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus was sentenced to die by crucifixion </li></ul>
  5. 6. Teachings of Jesus <ul><li>Monotheism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed in the Jewish God and the Ten Commandments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Placed less emphasis on law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More emphasis on compassion, forgiveness, and equality of all people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taught with parables : short stories with simple moral lessons </li></ul>
  6. 7. Teachings of Jesus <ul><li>Bible: the holy book of Christianity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes all prophets of Torah and most books of the Torah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adds the New Testament, which includes the Gospels and other books by Jesus’ followers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Compared with Judaism, Christianity spread over far distances in a very short time </li></ul><ul><li>This was due to a few factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judaism is mostly an ethnic religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missionaries and martyrs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal of Christianity </li></ul></ul>Spread of Christianity
  8. 9. Spread of Christianity <ul><li>Followers of Jesus were called “Christians” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christ= Savior= messiah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Missionaries were able to spread Jesus’ teachings by taking advantage of a peaceful time in the Roman empire, and also good roads were available </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Eventually, enough people were involved in Christianity that the Roman empire began to respond </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Christians were persecuted for not believing in the Roman gods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many Christians became martyrs : people who suffer or die for their beliefs </li></ul></ul></ul>Spread of Christianity
  10. 11. <ul><li>Widespread persecution continued until 313 AD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor Constantine ended persecution of Christians with an Edict of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He converted on his deathbed </li></ul></ul>Spread of Christianity
  11. 12. Spread of Christianity <ul><li>The appeal of Christianity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered hope of salvation and eternal life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There’s a sense of control over one’s destiny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More about making the CHOICE to be moral </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The idea that everyone is equal </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Three Forms of Christianity Today <ul><li>Catholicism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope is an advocate, prayer to saints, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greek Orthodox </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed when a Byzantine Emperor refused to recognize the Catholic Pope in Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protestantism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saints not prayed to, no Pope </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Review <ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdom of Israel, Hebrews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Teachings of Judaism: law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary: Torah, Ten Commandments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Christianity and teachings of Jesus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread of Christianity and its appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three forms of Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary: Bible, parables, martyrs </li></ul></ul>

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