Ch15 Notes

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Ch15 Notes

  1. 1. Immigrants and Urbanization Chapter 15
  2. 2. Participation <ul><li>Look at the photograph on pgs 458-459. Describe the scene in three words. </li></ul><ul><li>From this photo, what looks good about city life in the late 1800s? </li></ul><ul><li>What looks bad about city life? </li></ul><ul><li>What would an immigrant need to survive in the United States in the late 1800s? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think is the meaning of the motto on the presidential seal “E pluribus unum,” or “out of many, one?” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Immigration Patterns <ul><li>Before 1890: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern, western Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France, England, Ireland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>After 1890: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern, eastern Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Italy, Germany, Russia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. “ The Land of High Wages” <ul><li>Immigrants heard stories of America: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High wages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs, jobs, jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ American Dream” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Experience <ul><li>One-week steamship journey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cargo holds, filthy </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Experience <ul><li>Arriving at Ellis Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government requirements </li></ul></ul>http:// www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_then.asp
  7. 7. <ul><li>In addition to physical exams, intelligence tests were given. </li></ul>Ellis Island Website Page 463
  8. 8. The Experience <ul><li>Angel Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>West coast port of admission for Asian immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More harsh than East Coast </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Experience <ul><li>Fitting in… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic communities : groups of people who shared cultural values, practiced same religion, and spoke same native language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Little Italy” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Chinatown” </li></ul></ul></ul>Manhattan
  10. 10. Anti-Immigration <ul><li>Nativism : favoring native-born Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Exclusion Act : all Chinese immigrants banned except certain occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Gentleman’s Agreement : Japan agreed to limit emigration to stop segregation of Japanese students in schools </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problems with Urbanization
  12. 12. <ul><li>Urbanization : growth of cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you keep up with the growth? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  13. 13. <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenements: multi-family urban dwellings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cramped, unsanitary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disease spreads quickly </li></ul></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  14. 14. <ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass transit developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Street cars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electric subways </li></ul></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  15. 15. <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No indoor plumbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease spread through water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtration and chlorination introduced </li></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  16. 16. <ul><li>Sanitation (pg. 470) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human and animal waste in streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throwing garbage out front door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoke from factories </li></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  17. 17. <ul><li>4. Sanitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewer lines installed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City sanitation departments created </li></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  18. 18. <ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NYC developed first full-time police force </li></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  19. 19. <ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wooden structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of candles and oil lamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Chicago Fire (1871) </li></ul></ul>Problems with Urbanization
  20. 20. Reform <ul><li>Socialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government should take control of business to prevent corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why can’t government take control of society to prevent corruption? </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Reform <ul><li>Social Gospel movement : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can be saved by serving the urban poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlement houses : assistive community centers in slums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jane Addams founded Hull House in Chicago in 1889 </li></ul></ul></ul>

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