What is the importance of the Nile River to the Ancient Egyptians?
What is the role of a Pharaoh?
What is the importance of mummification?
What are the differences and impact of the different eras of the
Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom?
locate Upper and Lower Egypt on a map.
describe the political iconography and formal conventions of the Palette of Narmer.
describe the Egyptian concept of death and the process of mummification.
compare the Temple of Hatshepsut with the Temple of Amon-Mut-Khonsu.
list the major Egyptian gods and their functions.
compare Old Kingdom sculpture style with that of the Amarna Period.
describe the development of the pyramid from the mastaba.
describe the Egyptian conventions of painting and sculpture.
trace the style of royal representation from the Old to the New Kingdom.
discuss Akhenaton's revolution.
compare the Meroë pyramids with the Giza pyramids.
describe the relationship between Egypt and Nubia.
Palette of Narmer (Upper Egypt side), Hierakonpolis, c. 3000 B.C.
Step pyramid, funerary complex of King Djoser
Saqqara, Egypt, c. 2750 B.C. Designed by IMHOTEP
(coffin of Tutankhamon),
c. 1333 - 23 B.C.
Presentation of Nubian tribute to Tutankhamon
(restored), tomb chapel of Huy, Thebes, 18th Dynasty, c. 1360 B.C.
Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, Nubia, 1237 B.C.
Shield ring with Amon as a ram, Meroe, Nubia, c. 200 B.C.
Cartouche - oval with a horizontal line at one end,
Indicating that the text enclosed is a royal name
small object that a person
wears, carries, or offers to a
deity because he or she
believes that it will magically
bestow a particular power or
form of protection. Often found
With mummified remains.
Scarab- imagery popular in amulets in ancient Egypt.
According to ancient Egyptian myths, the sun (Ra)
rolls across the sky each day and transforms
bodies and souls. Modeled upon the
Scarabaeidae family dung beetle, which rolls
dung into a ball for the purposes of eating and
laying eggs that are later transformed into larva,
the scarab was seen as an earthly symbol of this