Increasing economic instability, expanding colonialism, and
increasing nationalism fused with the need for personal identity and
purity lead to conflict on a global scale.
People began to question established tradition, law, and the concept of truth.
Some turned back to the church and explored new religions from the East.
Others sought answers in science and the developing fields of psychology,
sociology, anthropology, and art.
Term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1910
to describe the development of French art since Manet.
Fry applied the term wile organizing the 1910 exhibition
“Manet and the Post-Impressionists”
Poster of the 1889 Exhibition of Paintings by the Impressionist and
Synthetiste Group, at Café des Arts, known as the The Volpini Exhibition, 1889.
Most often associated with 5 painters who were influenced by Impressionism:
Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)
Vincent van Gogh (1953-1890)
Georges Pierre Seurat (1859-1891)
Henri Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901)
These artists were contemporaries of the Impressionists but chose
NOT to work in the Impressionist style.
The rejection of restrictions of Impressionism
Continued and exaggerated use of vivid color
Thick application of paint
Noticeable application of pigment (distinctive and personalized brushstrokes)
Contemporary subject matter
Accentuation of geometric form for expressionist purpose
25.1 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec ,
Quadrille at the Moulin Rouge ,
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901)
Post-Impressionists, unlike the
Impressionists, were not afraid to
paint the seedy side of modern life.
Lautrec captured nighttime activities and lives of the less-than-savory characters of Paris.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec,
La Goulue at the Moulin Rouge , 1891.
Toulouse-Lautrec’s posters elevated
graphic design within the fine arts.
25.4 Paul Cézanne, Still Life with Apples , 1875–87
Link to more still life paintings
25.5 Paul Cézanne , Mont Sainte-Victoire , c. 1900.
25.6 Georges Seurat , Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte , 1884–86
25.9 Vincent van Gogh , Bedroom at Arles , 1889
25.10 Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night , 1889.
After reading Chapter 25, you should be able to do the following:
Distinguish Post-Impressionism from Impressionism.
Discuss Post-Impressionist developments in the theme of the reclining nude.
Describe the characteristic brushstrokes of each artist in the chapter.
Compare Manet’s development from the 1860s to the 1880s with Cézanne’s change to color.
Discuss the style and role of Toulouse-Lautrec’s posters.
Describe the Symbolist movement in art and literature.
Discuss the assimilation of Classical myth in Post-Impressionism and Symbolism.
Compare Symbolism with Post-Impressionism.