The Regulatory Status of Genome Editing Technology in Thailand by Dr. Piyarat Thammakijjawat during the Regional Expert Consultation on Gene Editing in Agriculture and its Regulations Technical Session II
That all the capacity of Thailand laboratory and Thank you for your attention
The Regulatory Status of Genome Editing Technology in Thailand
T H E R E G U L AT O R Y S TAT U S
O F G E N O M E E D I T I N G
T E C H N O L O G Y
I N T H A I L A N D
Regional Expert Consultation on Gene Editing in Agriculture and its Regulation
Date: October 10-11, 2019
ICRISAT, Patancheru, Hyderabad, India
Dr. Piyarat Thammakijjawat
Senior Agricultural Scientist,
Biotechnology Research and Development Office, Department of Agriculture
GMO REGULATIONS IN THAILAND
• Thailand signed the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on 10
The agreement entered into force on 8 February 2006.
• Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE),
The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy
and Planning (ONEP), has been nominated as the National
Thailand currently has no specific law regulating LMOs.
• MONRE is in the process of enacting a specific law that details
provisions for working with LMOs. By drafting Biodiversity Act with
article to ensure appropriate handling of organisms including
There are existing legislations and guidelines to regulate
the activities of LMOs as follows;
1. Living Modified (LM) Plants
Plant Quarantine Act, B.E. 2507 (B.E. 1952) amended (No.2) B.E. 2542
(1999) and (No.3) B.E. 2551 (2008).
The purpose of the Act is to control and prevent any possible adverse
effects on the environment or human health from the introduction of
plants, plant pests and carriers. The Act provides specifications and
criteria for notification of LM plants as prohibited materials. Exempts the
importation of LM plants for research purposes in compliance with the
Notification of DOA on Guidelines.
The Notification establishes a step-by-step approach for the importation
of LM plants that complies with the Advance Informed Agreement (AIA)
procedure of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
2. Living Modified (LM) Microorganisms
Microorganisms are regulated by the Pathogen and Animal Toxin Act
B.E. 2558 (2015), which is administered by the Department of Medical
Science (DMSC), Ministry of Public Health (MOPH).
The Act regulates production, import, export, sale, transit or
possession of both LM and non-LM pathogens.
The use of LM microorganisms is regulated by the voluntary Biosafety
Guidelines for Contained Use of Genetically Modified Microorganisms
The objective of these guidelines is to provide guidance for the
contained use of GMMs at the pilot and industrial scales to ensure
safety to operators, the community, and the environment.
3. Living Modified (LM) Animals
Aquatic animals are regulated by the Emergency Decree on Fisheries
B.E. 2558 (2015), which is administrated by the Department of Fisheries
However, the Decree does not specifically control LM aquatic animals
• The draft of Biodiversity Act, the core of biological diversity for
sample access and benefit sharing of genetic resources as well
as invasive alien species (IAS) to provide the effective
framework that relevant the three objectives of the CBD,
1. The conservation of biodiversity,
2. The sustainable use of the component of biodiversity
3. The fair and equitable sharing of benefit arising
of the utilization of genetic resources.
Draft National Biodiversity Law
Synthetic biology regulations in Thailand
Thailand recognizes the importance of new plant breeding
The technical biosafety committee (TBC) organized the meeting with
researchers and inspectors to discuss and brainstorm on preparation
of synthetic biology data on 2nd April 2018 and 7th January 2019.
Department of Agriculture organized seminar under topic Synthetic
Biology, Modern Biotechnology for Plant Breeding and Guideline for
14 July 2017 and 11 February 2019.
• At present, most existing laws that regulate LMOs do not have clearly
defined definitions for “LMOs”, “modern biotechnology” and “synthetic
• As a party of both CBD and CP, Thailand has set up the National
legislation to comply with the international agreement.
Synthetic biology regulations in Thailand
For research purpose:
Thailand regulate research using synthetic biology
based on the biosafety guidelines for modern