The learning process

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The learning process

  1. 1. THE LEARNING PROCESS
  2. 2. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWS Skinner – Previous behaviour required to form new thinking, feelings and skills
  3. 3. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSCole & Bruce – Continuous interaction with environment is required
  4. 4. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSCrow and Crow – Required active process
  5. 5. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWS Smith – Strengthening or weakening results due to experiences
  6. 6. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWS Wany – Acquiring change requires experience
  7. 7. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSWoodworth – Activity brings alteration
  8. 8. LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSKingsley &Garry –Practiceproducesbehaviour
  9. 9. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONImplies changes in: Responses Reactions Thoughts Conducts Skills Values
  10. 10. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONDynamic – (newness/ novelty)
  11. 11. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONProgressive – (forward heading with added effects)
  12. 12. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONPurposive – (purposeful)
  13. 13. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONGradual – (systematic)
  14. 14. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONWill – (determination)
  15. 15. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONConscience Process- awareness
  16. 16. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONThe prime conditions are:Readiness of the studentAptitude of the student
  17. 17. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONThe prime conditions are:Motivation provided by the teacherActivity provided by the teacher
  18. 18. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONThe prime condition is:Participation – working together
  19. 19. LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATION Learning Is relativelypermanent changedue to experience and training and results in skills, cognition and values
  20. 20. LEARNING - TYPES– Rational/cognitive Learning:– Mental assimilation of … in natural or supernatural order. Outcome is Knowledge– Results in conceptualization, philosophical principles, discovering application, understanding relationships etc.
  21. 21. LEARNING – TYPES (cont…) Motor/Muscular Learning – Change appears in the form of skill Range covers : Typing, handwriting, industrial art, learning to play music, muscular responses, elements of practice etc
  22. 22. LEARNING – TYPES (cont…)Associative learning – Any connection formed in learning where the two ideas connected are attended together as parts of a continues
  23. 23. LEARNING – TYPES (cont…)  Appreciative /affective learning – Acquisition of feeling, taste, emotion, will, values and other aspects of social and psychological development gained through feeling rather than intellectualization  Range covers fine arts, enjoyment of music, creative works in art, taste for literature, references for programs
  24. 24. LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESUnderstanding the learner is basic
  25. 25. LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESNext is the choice of methods
  26. 26. LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESTraining aid for modeling is next
  27. 27. LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLES Clear & adequateinstruction is next
  28. 28. LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLES Motivation andsimulation for goal fulfillment are essential
  29. 29. LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESParticipation based teacher-student positive relationship is paramount
  30. 30. LEARNING - PRINCIPLESParticipation – For motivation, engagement and reinforcement
  31. 31. LEARNING - PRINCIPLES Repetition –Fixing the change in memory
  32. 32. LEARNING - PRINCIPLESRelevance –Meaningfulness of the change
  33. 33. LEARNING - PRINCIPLES Feedback – Information to beused as a base for principle of transference
  34. 34. LEARNING - PRINCIPLES Participation – For motivation, engagement and reinforcement Repetition – Fixing the change in memory Transference – Matching the change with the demand of the job Relevance – Meaningfulness of the change Feedback – Information to be used as a base for principle of transference
  35. 35. LEARNING – TEACHER’S TASK Tackle difficulties in learning Discover better teaching methods Develop good study habits for student Natural assimilation of knowledge Motivate student for learning Make environment favourable Understand the aim behind teaching the learning

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