The Passive

1,797 views

Published on

This is an explanation of the use and form of Passive sentences in English for my Intermediate students

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,797
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
449
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
71
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Passive

  1. 1. The Passive
  2. 2. Use ►We use a passive sentence when the subject is obvious or not important Someone wrote a letter A letter was written (by someone)
  3. 3. Use ► We often find passive sentences in newspapers, advertisements,reports, processes, scientific texts or official announcements, where the subject is usually unimportant ► Some verbs are often used in the passive, specially in the news, for example: to be arrested to be killed to be injured … You’ll find more information about them on the vocabulary extension exercise
  4. 4. Transforming active sentences Example Someone wrote a letter Subject + verb + object A letter was written (by someone) New subject + verb + agent
  5. 5. Transforming active sentences Explanation ►The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the pasive one ►The subject of the active becomes the agent in the passive sentence. ► The agent is introduced by the preposition by and it can often be omitted.
  6. 6. Forming the passive voice of the verb ►We form the passive form of the verb with the corresponding form of the verb to be + a past participle wrote – was written Look at the text you have been given and see how many different examples of passive sentences in different tenses you can find
  7. 7. Complete this chart ► He washes the car ► He is washing the car ► He has washed the car ► He washed the car ► He was washing the car ► He will wash the car ► He can’t wash the car ► The car is washed ► The car is ………. ► The car has ……… washed ► The car …………….. ► The car was ……….. washed ► The car will …………. ► The car ………………
  8. 8. Check the chart ► He washes the car ► He is washing the car ► He has washed the car ► He washed the car ► He was washing the car ► He will wash the car ► He can’t wash the car ► The car is washed ► The car is being washed ► The car has been washed ► The car was washed ► The car was being washed ► The car will be washed ► The car can’t be washed
  9. 9. Sentences with two objects ►When the active sentence has two objects Someone gave Mary some flowers Subject + verb + indirect object + direct object ►In English, we often place the indirect object as the subject of the new passive sentence Mary was given some flowers
  10. 10. Get some practice ► You can start with the pair activity the teacher will soon give you ► Then you can fill in some newspapers headlines with some common verbs in the passive (vocabulary extension) ► At home, you can do the exercises in your workbook. You may ask for some extra material if you need more practice. ► For even more exercises or for a better explanation, go to the grammar section in the blog
  11. 11. Ana Sancho April 2009

×