The active and the passive voice
1
The active and the passive voice
2
We usually use the active voice in writing
and speaking. E.g.
The girl
Someone or
somet...
The active and the passive voice
3
In the passive voice, we change this around,
so that the recipient has something done t...
The active and the passive voice
4
In these examples, spot the use of the
active voice and the passive voice.
The music wa...
The active and the passive voice
5
Sometimes in passive sentences, the agent is left
out.
Someone or
something
(recipient)...
The active and the passive voice
6
Compare these sentences. One has the
agent, and the other hasn’t. Discuss the
differenc...
The active and the passive voice
 I can answerthe question.
The question can be
answered by me.
 The box would be carrie...
The active and the passive voice
 When an imperative command is to be
transformed the form will be –
Let + subject + be +...
The active and the passive voice
 For the interrogatives the form will be –
Word + auxiliary verb + subject + past
partic...
The active and the passive voice
10
Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice
simPle PAsT Took WAs TAken
Were TAken
Tense AcTive vo...
The active and the passive voice
11
Tense Active voice Passive Voice
PresenT PerfecT HAs TAken HAs been TAken
HAve TAken H...
The active and the passive voice
1) Thomas feeds his dog.
active/passive
Thomas
2) The dog is fed by Thomas.
active/passiv...
13
Change the voice of the following sentences.
1.The boys are plucking the fruits.
2.Are clothes bought by them ?
3.We ma...
14
1. The fruits are being plucked by the boys.
2. Do they buy clothes ?
3. He was made to confess the guilt.
4. Let not t...
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Active and passive voice

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Active and passive voice

  1. 1. The active and the passive voice 1
  2. 2. The active and the passive voice 2 We usually use the active voice in writing and speaking. E.g. The girl Someone or something (the agent) does something (verb) to someone or something else (recipient) the ball.kicked
  3. 3. The active and the passive voice 3 In the passive voice, we change this around, so that the recipient has something done to it by the agent. E.g. Someone or something (recipient) has something done to it (verb) by someone or something (the agent) The ball was kicked by the girl.
  4. 4. The active and the passive voice 4 In these examples, spot the use of the active voice and the passive voice. The music was played by the DJ. The sun was hidden by the clouds. Delighted fans streamed onto the pitch. Marie wrote the letter to the headteacher. Danny was praised by the headteacher. passive passive passive active active
  5. 5. The active and the passive voice 5 Sometimes in passive sentences, the agent is left out. Someone or something (recipient) has something done to it (verb) by someone or something (the agent) by the rainwas soakedThe pitch The agent - ‘the rain’ - is left out. Why do you think that the agent might be left out in this example?
  6. 6. The active and the passive voice 6 Compare these sentences. One has the agent, and the other hasn’t. Discuss the differences. The man was murdered by someone! The man was murdered! We do not know who did the murder so the agent is not needed. It’s more dramatic without it. I see your car was damaged last night by my friend I see your car was damaged last night. Far better to leave out the agent if you don’t want to be involved! Create your own passive sentences which would be best without an agent.
  7. 7. The active and the passive voice  I can answerthe question. The question can be answered by me.  The box would be carried by her. She would carry the box.  You should open the window. The window should be opened by you.  Cards might be played by us. We might play cards.    You ought to wash the car.  They need not buy bread. Bread need not be bought by them.   The sentence could not be read by him. He could not read the sentence.  Will the teachertest our English? Will ourEnglish be tested by the teacher?   Could the doorbe locked by Jenny? Could Jenny lockthe door? 7
  8. 8. The active and the passive voice  When an imperative command is to be transformed the form will be – Let + subject + be + past participle. e.g. o Hang him.  Let him be hanged. o Give the order.  Let the order be given. 8
  9. 9. The active and the passive voice  For the interrogatives the form will be – Word + auxiliary verb + subject + past participle. For e.g. o Who killed the snake?  By whom the snake was killed. 9
  10. 10. The active and the passive voice 10 Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice simPle PAsT Took WAs TAken Were TAken Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice PAsT conTinuous WAs TAking WAs being TAking Were TAking Were being TAking Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice PAsT PerfecT HAd TAken HAd been TAken
  11. 11. The active and the passive voice 11 Tense Active voice Passive Voice PresenT PerfecT HAs TAken HAs been TAken HAve TAken HAve been TAken Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice PresenT conTinuous Am TAking Am being TAken is TAking is being TAken Are TAking Are being TAken Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice simPle PresenT TAke Am TAken TAkes is TAken Are TAken Tense AcTive voice PAssive voice simPle fuTure Will TAke Will be TAken sHAll TAke sHAll be
  12. 12. The active and the passive voice 1) Thomas feeds his dog. active/passive Thomas 2) The dog is fed by Thomas. active/passive Thomas 3) The family went to the beach. Active/passive The family 4) The letter was written by Marshall. Active/passive Marshall 5) The game had been won by the blue team. Active/passive the blue team 6)The problem was solved. Active/passive ? 7)The stunt man risked his life. Active/passive The stunt man 8)The fire was extinguished. Active/passive ? 9)The car was being cleaned by its owner. Active/passive Its owner 10) It gets cold here during the winter. Active/passive It 12
  13. 13. 13 Change the voice of the following sentences. 1.The boys are plucking the fruits. 2.Are clothes bought by them ? 3.We made him confess the guilt. 4.Do not kill the snake. 5.It is known to us that it has been done by him. 6.I know that he has stolen my pen. 7.Close all the doors and windows. 8.Where did you find the picture ? 9.Please change this rule. 10.They say prices of goods will increase.
  14. 14. 14 1. The fruits are being plucked by the boys. 2. Do they buy clothes ? 3. He was made to confess the guilt. 4. Let not the snake be killed. 5. We know that he has done it. 6. It is known to me that my pen has been stolen by him. 7. Let the doors and windows be closed. 8. Where was the picture found by you ? 9. Let the rules be changed. 10. It is said by them that the prices of goods will be increased.

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