Development ofSmall and Medium TownsthroughTransport Infrastructure By Anupam Sunil 2010MURP010
Transport Infrastructure• It includes – Urban Transportation and Management – Construction of bridges over railway crossings – Construction of fly-overs. – Development of parking places and traffic intersections. – Improving traffic management by widening and strengthening critical sections of roads. – Traffic de-congestion reduction & road safety improved through: • providing pedestrian footpaths • off-street parking and bus-bays • Improvement of street lighting on major roads • Road safety improvements • traffic islands and signals • Construction of underpass • pedestrian subways under busy roads
Transport Sector as Development Tool• Strengthening small towns and rural-urban linkages enhances both rural and urban livelihoods leading to poverty reduction and development.• Development of towns as trade centre along trade routes.• Development as transport hub for Railways, Roads.
Government Policies• The National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) was formulated by the Government in 2006. The policy, seeks to promote integrated land use transport planning, better use of public transport and non-motorized transport mode, use of cleaner technology.• For promoting Urban Transport, the Central Government is financially supporting metro rail projects in Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Kolkata. Construction of Bus Rapid Transport Corridors is a permissible activity under JNNURM.• UIDSSMT- To Improve infrastructural facilities and help create durable public assets and quality oriented services in cities & towns.• Enhance public-private-partnership in infrastructural development and Promote planned integrated development of towns / cities.• There are schemes for supporting capacity building and urban
Government Policies• World Bank/DFID assistance was availed for preparing the toolkits and guidelines,• i) Institutional Frame Work for Urban Transport – Guidelines. ii) Toolkit for alternative analysis. iii) Bus System (BSM) toolkit. iv) Toolkit for Public Private Partnership (PPP).• Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance was availed for preparing the toolkits and guidelines for capacity building of State/city level Urban Transport Authorities and other stakeholders. i) Toolkits/guidelines for Bus Service Improvement and Bus Rapid Transport (BRT). ii) Toolkits/guidelines on Parking and non-Motorised Transport (NMT). iii) Toolkits for Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP).• A scheme of urban transport planning has been launched in August, 2008 for providing Central financial assistance up to 80% for taking up traffic and transportation studies and preparation of Detailed Project Reports (limited up to 50% in case of DPR).• The scheme covers the wide gamut of urban transport matters for promoting comprehensive and integrated urban transport planning, studies, integrated land use and transport planning, comprehensive mobility plans, preparation of DPR, clean development mechanism (CDM) studies, Intelligent Transport System (ITS) studies, launching of awareness campaign in line with the NUTP, 2006.
National Projects• National Highways connects various class of towns, controlled by NHAI. There are 288 NH in India.• The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting Indias four largest metropolises Haryana Haryana Dadri and various small and medium Rajasthan Uttar towns across India. Pradesh• The Western and Eastern DFC Gujarat• DMIC CORRIDOR Madhya• The 1483-km long DFC – Pradesh Dedicated railway freight Maharashtra corridor which has Focus on J.N.Port ensuring high impact developments within 150km distance on either side of alignment.
HAPUR• Hapur is a city as of 2001 census, had a population of 301,987• A major Mandi town in NCR area of western Uttar Pradesh.• Strategically located between Delhi and Moradabad.• National highway no.- 24 and state highway no. - 10 (to Meerut) passes through it, which led to development of the town as trade centre.• Two Northern Railway, lines run through Hapur: one from Meerut, 35 kilometers to the north and another from New Delhi, 65 kilometers to the west.• Noted as manufacturing hub of making Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes, paper cones.
City development• Indian Grain Storage Management and Research Institute (IGMRI) is located here which is conducting research in the area of grain storage from which the local farmers have benefited.• Food grain storage developed by IGMRI has a capacity to store 20 lakh tonnes of wheat.• After upgradation to 4 lane system of National Highway No. 24 which connects Delhi to Hapur, it is now being upgraded from Hapur to Moradabad and is proposed to upgrade this highway upto Lucknow .• Hapur is also connected in all 4 directions through railways which leads to a strong possibility of Hapur developing into potential growth centre in the NCR region.• Hapur Pilakhua Development Authority was established as a second and an independent authority by U.P. Administration during 1996-97. After keeping in view the geographical, historical and commercial industrial importance and in view of the planned development of NCR.
ITARSI• A city in Madhya Pradesh located in Hoshangabad District with a population of 93,783 as of 2001 census.• Itarsi is a commercial hub for agricultural goods, and is also major railway junction.• The Bori Wildlife Sanctuary and Tawa Dam are located nearby.• Several industries are situated near the town including the ordnance factory and soya oil mills.
City Connectivity• Itarsi is at the crossing of important east-west and north-south routes.• Itarsi is connected via broad gauge lines to – Bhopal and Delhi to the north, – Bhusawal and Mumbai to the west, – The railway junctions of Nagpur to the south – Jabalpur to the east.• Rail services from Mumbai to Calcutta and Delhi to Chennai pass through Itarsi.• Apart from railway, National Highway (NH-69) also connects Itarsi to major cities i.e Bhopal and Nagpur.
City Development• Development of Multi-Modal Composite Logistics Hub through PPP mode, in an area of 115 acres (approx.) of land between National Highway No.69 and Delhi-Mumbai Railway line.• It covers an entire range of logistics infrastructure including rail sidings for cargo and container movement, rail side warehouses, and Inland Container Depot (ICD).• Diesel Loco Shed is rated as one of the premier shed of Indian Railways.• There are lot of good institutes but not for professional and technical education.• There is lack of basic Infrastructure Facilities.• Schemes like UIDSMT are not implemented properly in road Infrastructure sector.
Conclusions• Considering economic, demographic and environmental complementarities that exist between rural and urban areas there is a need to promote rural-urban linkages development approach through transport connectivity.• Passenger mobility in urban India relies heavily on its roads. Bus transport will have to play a major role in providing passenger transport services in Indian cities in the future.• There is an urgent need for a transportation system that is seamlessly integrated across all modes.• Appropriate institutional capacity and ﬁnancial resources are required in transportation sector.• Development of small and medium towns through transport infrastructure development ensuring better connectivity will ensure sustainable inclusive development.