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Flood in uttarakhand

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Flood in uttarakhand
Sr. no. Name Roll no.
1. Mrafatiya Vyoma 30
2. Mehta Mansi 32
3. Patel Kruti 45
 Uttarakhand is considered as one of the mostUttarakhand is considered as one of the most
beautiful state.beautiful state.
 Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484
 km² of which 93% is mountainous and 64% is
covered by forest.  
 Most of the Uttarakhand part of the state is
covered by high Himalayan peaks and
glaciers.
  Two of India's largest rivers, the Ganges and
INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION
   It is well know as the "Land of theIt is well know as the "Land of the
Gods“.Gods“.
• The well known Chota Char Dham:-The well known Chota Char Dham:-
• KEDARNATH TEMPLEKEDARNATH TEMPLE
• BADRINATH TEMPLEBADRINATH TEMPLE
• GANGOTRI TEMPLEGANGOTRI TEMPLE
• YAMUNOTRI TEMPLEYAMUNOTRI TEMPLE
• These two pilgrimage,These two pilgrimage,
KEDARNATH TEMPLEKEDARNATH TEMPLE
BADRINATHBADRINATH
TEMPLETEMPLE
GANGOTRI TEMPLEGANGOTRI TEMPLE
YAMUNOTRIYAMUNOTRI
TEMPLETEMPLE

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Flood in uttarakhand

  • 2. Sr. no. Name Roll no. 1. Mrafatiya Vyoma 30 2. Mehta Mansi 32 3. Patel Kruti 45
  • 3.  Uttarakhand is considered as one of the mostUttarakhand is considered as one of the most beautiful state.beautiful state.  Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484  km² of which 93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest.    Most of the Uttarakhand part of the state is covered by high Himalayan peaks and glaciers.   Two of India's largest rivers, the Ganges and INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION
  • 4.    It is well know as the "Land of theIt is well know as the "Land of the Gods“.Gods“. • The well known Chota Char Dham:-The well known Chota Char Dham:- • KEDARNATH TEMPLEKEDARNATH TEMPLE • BADRINATH TEMPLEBADRINATH TEMPLE • GANGOTRI TEMPLEGANGOTRI TEMPLE • YAMUNOTRI TEMPLEYAMUNOTRI TEMPLE • These two pilgrimage,These two pilgrimage,
  • 12.  From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of Uttarakhand and near by are received heavy rainfall.  The rainfall was above benchmark which is above 375%. • A multi-day cloudburst ,centered on the state Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides. Due to Continuous Rain the ChorabariDue to Continuous Rain the Chorabari Glacier melted and this triggered the floodingGlacier melted and this triggered the flooding of the Mandakini river.of the Mandakini river. • Which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat,Which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, &Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, &
  • 15.  The Uttarakhand Disaster have beenThe Uttarakhand Disaster have been officially termed a natural calamityofficially termed a natural calamity caused by cloudbursts and unprecedentedcaused by cloudbursts and unprecedented heavy monsoon rainfall.heavy monsoon rainfall.  However, the true causes of the epicHowever, the true causes of the epic tragedy is growth of tourism, uncheckedtragedy is growth of tourism, unchecked Rapid increase of roads, hotels, shops andRapid increase of roads, hotels, shops and multistory housing in ecologically fragilemultistory housing in ecologically fragile
  • 16.  Also Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams thatAlso Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams that disrupt water balances and this also triggereddisrupt water balances and this also triggered the action of disaster.the action of disaster.  More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.  Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels
  • 17. Deforestation is also one of the most importantDeforestation is also one of the most important factor for Uttarakhand disaster, which causefactor for Uttarakhand disaster, which cause frequently landslide.frequently landslide. 30 YEARS30 YEARS 44,868 hactors deforested44,868 hactors deforested
  • 18. ShannuShannu Population = 1CrPopulation = 1Cr Tourist = 2.5CrTourist = 2.5Cr
  • 20.  The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-TibetanThe Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Border SecurityBorder Police (ITBP), Border Security Force, National Disaster Response ForceForce, National Disaster Response Force ((NDRFNDRF), Public Works Department and), Public Works Department and local administrations worked together forlocal administrations worked together for quick rescue operations.quick rescue operations.
  • 21.  Several thousand soldiers wereSeveral thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missionsdeployed for the rescue missions..
  • 22. Helicopters were used to rescue peopleHelicopters were used to rescue people
  • 23.  ITBP Jawans distribute medicines to stranded pilgrims during Uttarakhand rescue operation.
  • 24.  Local people distribute food to rescued pilgrims near IAF base camp in Dharasu.
  • 25.  By 21 June 2013, the Army had deployedBy 21 June 2013, the Army had deployed 10,000 soldiers and 11 helicopters.10,000 soldiers and 11 helicopters.  The Navy had sent 45 naval divers, andThe Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and the Air force had deployed 43 aircraftthe Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters.including 36 helicopters.  From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAFFrom 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF airlifted a total of 18,424 people -airlifted a total of 18,424 people - flying a total of 2,137 sorties andflying a total of 2,137 sorties and dropping landing a total of 3,36,930 kgdropping landing a total of 3,36,930 kg of relief material and equipment.of relief material and equipment.
  • 26.  Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial surveyPrime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 1000 croreof the affected areas and announced 1000 crore (US$160 million). aid package.(US$160 million). aid package.
  • 27.  In this rescue operation one helicopter has getIn this rescue operation one helicopter has get crashed and 20 bodies has found on the site.crashed and 20 bodies has found on the site.
  • 28.  The woods has been brought to the site withThe woods has been brought to the site with helicopter for the funeral of the people whohelicopter for the funeral of the people who died in Uttarakhand flood.died in Uttarakhand flood.
  • 29.  Uttar Pradesh Government 25Uttar Pradesh Government 25 crore.crore.  The governments of Haryana,The governments of Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi 10 croreMaharashtra and Delhi 10 crore each.each.  The governments of Tamil Nadu,The governments of Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat, Madhya PradeshOdisha, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh
  • 30. The US Ambassador to IndiaThe US Ambassador to India extended a financial help ofextended a financial help of USD $150,000 through theUSD $150,000 through the United States Agency.United States Agency. Also US announced that theAlso US announced that the US will provide furtherUS will provide further financial aid of USD $75,000financial aid of USD $75,000..
  • 31.  822822 were Deaths occurred in flood (officialwere Deaths occurred in flood (official estimates) .estimates) .  18001800 were Missing persons.were Missing persons.  22322232 has Fully damaged houses .has Fully damaged houses .  154154 bridges get Damaged .bridges get Damaged .  15201520 roads get Damaged .roads get Damaged .  Government as also announced 2 lakhs forGovernment as also announced 2 lakhs for total damaged houses in flood.total damaged houses in flood.
  • 32. Unprecedented destruction by the rainfall witnessed in Uttarakhand state was attributed, by environmentalists, to unscientific developmental activities undertaken in recent decades contributing to high level of loss of property and lives. Roads constructed in haphazard style, new resorts and hotels built on fragile river banks and more than 70 hydroelectric projects in the watersheds of the state led to a "disaster waiting to happen" as termed by certain environmentalists.  The environmental experts reported that the tunnels built and blasts undertaken for the 70 hydro electric projects contributed to the ecological imbalance in the state, with flows of river water restricted and the streamside development activity contributing to a higher number of landslides and more flooding.
  • 34. ■Curb Deforestation.Curb Deforestation. ■Avoid undue use of natural resources.Avoid undue use of natural resources. ■Have an organized Pilgrimage Tours.Have an organized Pilgrimage Tours. ■Minimize utilization of vehicles.Minimize utilization of vehicles. ■Stop polluting nature.Stop polluting nature.
  • 35. Thus we conclude that itThus we conclude that it is not only nature even manis not only nature even man is responsible for naturalis responsible for natural calamities. Man maycalamities. Man may progress in all fields butprogress in all fields but when nature is against him,when nature is against him,

Editor's Notes

  1. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/no-environmental-clearance-hydro-projects-uttarakhand-supreme-court/1/299398.html (vishnuprayag power) http://images.indiatvnews.com/mainnational/Uttarakhand-tra23981.jpg (road left) http://www.tehelka.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Uttarakhand_floods-300x241.jpg (house) http://dbgorg00d8r0p.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Ravaged-Uttarakhand.jpg (road right)