INTRODUCTION SAARC - South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC is an economic and political organization. SAARC was established on December 8, 1985. In terms of population - almost 1.5 billion people.
It aims to accelerate the process of economic and social development in Member States. SAARC provides a platform for the peoples of South Asia to work together in the spirit understanding. In April 2007, at the Associations 14th summit, Afghanistan became its eighth member.
Objectives To promote the welfare of the people To accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development To promote and strengthen collective self-reliance To contribute to mutual trust, understand and appreciation of one anothers problem; To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance To strengthen cooperation with other developing countries; To strengthen cooperation among themselves To cooperate with international and regional organisations with similar aims and purposes.
BHUTAN BHUTAN is one of the countries of SAARC The information regarding is presented in the following slides
TRADITIONAL DRESS During daylight hours “Bhutanese” citizens required to observe the national dress code, known as “Driglam Namzha” Men wear a heavy knee-length robe tied with a belt, called a gho, folded in such a way to form a pocket in front of the stomach Women wear colourful blouses over which they fold and clasp a large rectangular cloth called a kira, thereby creating an ankle-length dress. A short silk jacket, or toego may be worn over the kira
MONUMENTS TRASHI CHHOE DZONG TAKTSANG GOEMBA(The Tigers Nest) PARO DZONG(also called Rinpung Dzong in Bhutanese) KICHU LHAKHANG PUNAKHA DZONG
TRASHI CHHOE DZONG The present dzong was built in the 18th century by Shabdrung Rinpoche to house government officials To accommodate the national government and the central monastic body, the dzong was totally refurbished and enlarged in 1962, a year after Thimphu was designated the nations capital
TAKTSANG GOEMBA(The Tigers Nest) Taktsang was established as a sacred place for meditation by Guru Rinpoche who visited the site on his second visit to Bhutan in 747 CE, though the first monastery was not constructed until 1694 Precariously perched on the edge of a 1,200 meter cliff, this monastery creates an impressive sight, and is the unofficial symbol of Bhutan
PARO DZONG(also called Rinpung Dzong in Bhutanese) Built in 1646, Paro Dzong is a large Drukpa Kagyu Buddhist monastery and fortress in Paro District in Bhutan It houses the district Monastic Body and government administrative offices of Paro Dzongkhag
KICHU LHAKHANG It is most ancient monastery in Bhutan built by King Songten Gampo in one night sometimes around 8th century It is located just off the road running between Paro bazaar and the Taktsang
PUNAKHA DZONG Constructed by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal(the founder of Bhutan) in 1637-38 It is the winter home of Bhutans Central Monastic Body
TSHECHU PROGRAMME The Tsechu/Festival is a religious festival in honour of Guru Rinpoche or a patron deity of the area. The Bhutanese dressed in their finest, come from all over for the festivities. It is believed that one who witnesses the tshechu is profusely blessed
PUNAKHA DROMCHOE(Punakha) Punakha Dromchoe is a five day long festival dedicated to the goddess Mahakala. The religious aspects are performed in the same manner as in early times. On the last day, a play of warriors going off to war is enacted
TAMSHINGPHALA CHOEPA(Bumthang) The festival is celebrated for three days, on the open grounds in front of the Tamshing lhakang. This festival is in honour of the “Terton” (treasure discoverer) Pema Lingpa of the 15th century. The religious dances are generally the same, but performed in a slightly different manner, as of the Nyingmapa sect of Mahayana Buddhism
JAMBAY LHAKANG DRUP(Bumthang) This festival was introduced to celebrate the completion of the lhakang in the 7th century. The dances are performed by laymen from the villages in the valley. The high light of this festival is the ‘Mewang” – the fire ceremony
TRONGSA TSHECHU(Trongsa) The festival is celebrated within the courtyards of the Trongsa Dzong. It usually begins on the day after the Meeting of the Nine Evils, of the Bhutanese calendar. Falling in November or December of the international calendar. The festivities carry on for five days. The first day religious dances are “chamju” – dances without masks. On the following days, similar dances as of the Thimphu and Paro Tshechu’s are performed. A thongdrol is unfurled on the last day