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The essence of mapping the orphan population fosters holistic child development that clusters on the pillars of rights of the child which includes survival, protection and participation of the child. Thus, some of the core aims/objective of the conceptual and operational methodology for mapping Orphan population in Anambra State are contained in this document
CONCEPTUAL AND OPERATIONAL METHODOLOGY FOR MAPPING ORPHAN POPULATION IN ANAMBRA STATE. A proposal presented by Anumba Joseph Uche to: The Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development, Anambra State. 6th September 2012.Introduction.It is a known fact that the Anambra State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development isa reputable Ministry under the Anambra State Government due to its landmark and quest inimproving the state and quality of life of women. It is also lauded for its role in handling allmatters relating to the total well-being and development of the Anambra child by givingvisibility to children, coordinating activities, monitoring progress and promoting acomprehensive and integrated agenda for the realization of children’s rights. To foster itsagenda on the wellbeing of children, the child development department of the Ministry carriesout its own mandate and tasks especially as it regards the Care and support of the orphans.Citing the 2008 Situation Assessment and Analysis on Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC)in Nigeria, a survey conducted by the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social development withthe support of UNICEF and USAID revealed that no fewer than 17.5 million children could beclassified as orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria. Furthermore it revealed that one tenthof Nigerian Children are orphans translating to about 7.3 million in Nigeria. It won’t be wrongto hypothesize that between then and now; these figures may have changed (increased)significantly. Statistics has it that 39% of children aged between 5-14 years are engaged in childlabour; 43% of women between the ages of 20-24 were married or in union before they were18 years old (UNICEF, 2006). Interviews with children living or working on Nigerian Streetsindicate that up to 40% may have been trafficked (ILO-IPEC, 2001). These figures go a long wayto prove the worsening vulnerability in Nigeria. These children are definitely at risk as they areexposed to untold hardships due to the selfish motives of inconsiderate adults.Although child traffickers have unleashed terror on the children for a very long time especiallyvia orphanages/ motherless babies homes around the country, it is become pertinent thatmeasures to checkmate their activities be employed. Acknowledging the role of the ChildDevelopment and Welfare unit of the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development inAnambra State in partnership with other Agencies / organisations in streamlining the activitiesof orphanages/ Motherless Babies Home in Anambra State thus in its quest to making AnambraState Zero tolerant to any form of child abuse and exploitation, new measures needs to beadapted and implement to foster the security and wellbeing of children in the State especially asit regards Orphan Children living in orphanages/motherless babies Home. This is so becausechildren in such institutions have become easy targets/preys of ill-hearted individuals and evenpersons in charge of running the affairs of the institutions.It is with reference to the aforementioned citings that this proposal is presented with a view ofaiding the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development curb the menace of Childtrafficking via monitored tracking as well as monitoring the development and welfare ofchildren living in orphanages in Anambra State. This proposal is a draft copy and the contentthereof is a template subject to modification based on the Ministry’s existing approach on thesubject matter with reference to the Author. Conceptual & Operational Methodology for Mapping Orphan Population in Anambra State. (By Anumba Joseph Uche). © 2012 Page 1
Aims and Objectives.Bearing in mind that this proposal at the current stage is mainly applicable to RegisteredOrphanages and Motherless Babies Home in Anambra State (ROMHA) under the Ministry ofWomen Affairs and Social Development which oversees the activities of such institutions, theessence of mapping the orphan population fosters holistic child development that clusters on thepillars of rights of the child which includes survival, protection and participation of the child.Thus, some of the core aims/objective of the conceptual and operational methodology formapping Orphan population in Anambra State are: 1. Have ideal / comprehensive information of the extent of the issue (orphan population) in ROMHA. 2. Monitor the progress and development of such children in all spheres especially in terms of health service delivery/ accessibility. 3. Serve as a referendum for pre and post adoption surveillance / monitoring. 4. Monitor the activities of the Orphanages/Motherless Babies Home in a bid to evaluate and investigate cases of any form of child abuse, trafficking or other social misdemeanor constituting danger to the lives of the children. 5. Epidemic Projections and forecasting. 6. Easy identification of problems/ issues in ROMHA so as to ascertain how to plan intervention services or programs as well as where to deploy such services. 7. Scaling up and advocacy in ROMHA 8. Research (sampling frame). 9. Easy and efficient mode of record/data repository (registry services) of subject matters as it relates the Ministry. 10. In a broader perspective, this will have a positive ripple effect on how to tackle key issues that involves vulnerable children in different communities of the state, reducing the menace of street begging in major cities, forestalling cases of destitution, prostitution and obnoxious practices against women; as such giving a glimpse to the situation of women and physically challenged children thereby reducing incidence of gender based violence. Furthermore it is anticipated that this approach(s) will also aid in implementing Social Care and Rehabilitation Programs (SCARP) as well as improvement of data bank in the PRS department. Conceptual & Operational Methodology for Mapping Orphan Population in Anambra State. (By Anumba Joseph Uche). © 2012 Page 2
Conceptualization for Mapping the Orphan population in ROMHA.The concept of mapping the orphan population is strategized in three distinct but interrelatedstages namely: S1 – Stage One (The Fundamental Approach). S2 – Stage Two (The Advance Approach). S3 – Stage Three (Final analysis and implementation; The Holistic Approach)S1 – The Fundamental Approach: this stage constitutes activities such as pre-mapping modalitiesthat will serve in field data collection with the objective of developing a concise comprehensivedemographic, geographic and anthropometry module as well as other key details of ROMHA.The goal of S1 is to aid in creation of baseline data for subsequent project implementation,surveillance and monitoring. This is a prerequisite for Stage two (S2) which will be explainedbetter in the operational methodology.However it is important to note that every stage has its own set of tools (well-structured forms &materials)The tools needed for this stage (S1) are: i. Tool 01 – Identification of Foci sites (ROMHA). ii. Tool 02 – Basic information of Orphanages under study. iii. Tool 03 – Bio data and welfare details of children in the orphanages. iv. Tool 04 – Anthropometry module for the children in the orphanages. v. Tool 05 – Summary sheet and data collation for S1.S2 – The Advance Approach: this stage constitutes activities such as database development andsynthesis from tools used in S1, validation of integrated data, development of map(demographic, epidemiological and anthropological). The goal of S2 is the actualization of theaims and objectives 1 to 6 stated in the previous page of this proposal.However, the tools needed for this stage is quite abstract and abstruse as it involves ICTintegration, statistical analysis and contemporary software/ database application packages. Thisstage also requires expertise involvement for swift and fast actualization. At the moment, it ishypothesized to be an unprecedented approach in the area of child surveillance, monitoring andtrafficking in Anambra State.S3 – Final Analysis and Implementation: this stage constitutes validation of information on S2,meta-analysis & triangulation of data, report writing and eventual usage of the results of themapping. At this stage, with a holistic approach via integration of other sectors and machineries,there will be an actualization of all the aims and objectives of stipulated in this proposal.However, aside the professional tools needed for this stage, a key determinant generally for theiractualization is ‘the commitment/ enthusiastic involvement’ of stakhanovites. Conceptual & Operational Methodology for Mapping Orphan Population in Anambra State. (By Anumba Joseph Uche). © 2012 Page 3
Operational Methodology.Having highlighted the conceptualization for mapping the orphan population in ROMHA, theoperational methodology in simple terms refers to the scope and outline of working proceduresas well as how to apply stipulated tools and resources to realise the goal(s) of this project. FlowCharts and tabular representation are used to describe the workflow and events sequel toconceptual approaches highlighted above.However, it is pertinent to note that this is designed as an on-going process subject to updates; assuch the operational methodology will be an addendum.Conclusion.This proposal is envisaged to be an aiding tool for the Ministry of Women Affairs and SocialDevelopment. Though a template for the Child Development department of the Ministry as itinvolves orphanage, in the long run and broader perspective it is sure to fast track the Ministry’soverall short, medium and long term strategic goals if applied holistically with its existingprocedures and methodology. However, achievement of the aims and objective of this proposalis intertwined on the interpretation and application of the data & information collated in theaforementioned stages and stipulated operational methodology.I will be delighted to clarify any issue to the best of my understanding as far as this proposal isconcerned.Thank You. ANUMBA JOSEPH UCHE _____________________ firstname.lastname@example.org 2348032173955 Conceptual & Operational Methodology for Mapping Orphan Population in Anambra State. (By Anumba Joseph Uche). © 2012 Page 4