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seven wonders of the World


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seven wonders of the World

  1. 1.  The Maya name "Chichen Itza" means "At the mouth of the well of the Itza."  Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico.  The site contains many fine stone buildings in various states of preservation, and many have been restored. The buildings are connected by a dense network of formerly paved roads, called sacbeob. Archaeologists have found almost 100 sacbeob crisscrossing the site, and extending in all directions from the city
  2. 2.  Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.  The statue stands 30 metres (98 ft) wide and 38 metres (120 ft) tall with its pedestal.
  3. 3.  The Colosseum or Roman Coliseum is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.  Colosseum could accommodate 87,000 people.  The Colosseum was used to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events.  It has been estimated that about 500,000 people and over a million wild animals died in the Colosseum games.
  4. 4.  The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire.  Before the use of bricks, the Great Wall was mainly built from stones and wood.  It has been estimated that somewhere in the range of 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the centuries-long project of building the wall.  The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles).
  5. 5.  Machu Picchu is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru.  Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its primary buildings are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.  Machu Picchu was constructed around 1462, at the height of the Inca Empire. It was abandoned less than 100 years later. It is likely that most of its inhabitants were wiped out by smallpox
  6. 6.  Petra is an archaeological site in Jordan, lying on the slope of Mount Hor.  It is renowned for its rock-cut architecture.  Evidence suggests that settlements had begun in and around there in the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
  7. 7.  The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.  This is the finest example of Mughal architecture.  The focus of the Taj Mahal is the white marble tomb, which stands on a square plinth consisting of a symmetrical building with an iwan, an arch-shaped doorway, topped by a large dome. Like most Mughal tombs, basic elements are Persian in origin.  As one enters through Taj Mahal Gate, the calligraphy reads "O Soul, thou art at rest. Return to the Lord at peace with Him, and He at peace with you."