Turkey officially the Republic of Turkey is a contiguous
transcontinental country, located mostly on Anatolia in
Western Asia and on East Thrace in South eastern
Turkey is bordered by eight countries.
Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia
makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance
It is bordered by eight countries:
Bulgaria to the northwest, Greece to
the west, Georgia to the northeast,
Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the
east, and Iraq and Syria to the
southeast. The capital of Turkey is
Ankara, but the most populated is
Total: 2,648 km
Border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia
252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior.
Total Population:74 724 269
→İstanbul:13 624 240
→Ankara:4 890 893
→İzmir:3 965 232
The Republic of Turkey was created after the overthrow
of Sultan Mehmet VI Vahdettin by the new Republican
Parliament in 1922.
Single-party period, 1923–1946
Multi-party period, 1946–present
The Grand National Assembly
→Literacy rate is 94.1%(2011)
→Compulsary 8 years education,primary school between
the ages of 7 and 15
GDP SECTOR COMPOSITION
Total gdp nominal-783,064
Agriculture: 8.9% -69,693
Services: 63% -493,330
FACTS ABOUT AGRICULTURE
Total area 783,562 km
Agriculture land – 50.41% of total area
Turkey is the world's largest producer
of hazelnuts, cherries, figs, apricots, quinces and pomegranat
The second largest producer
of watermelons, cucumbers and chickpeas
The third largest producer of tomatoes, eggplants, green
peppers, lentils and pistachios;
FACTS ABOUT TURKEY
The EU is Turkey's number one import and export partner
while Turkey ranks 7th in the EU's top import and 5th in
Turkey's main exports markets are the EU, Iraq, Russia,
USA, United Arab Emirates and Iran.
Turkey's exports to the EU are mostly machinery and
transport equipment, followed by manufactured goods.
Imports into Turkey come from the following key markets: the
EU, Russia, China, USA, Iran and South Korea.
EU exports to Turkey are dominated by machinery and
transport material, chemical products and manufactured
MAJOR SEA PORTS & AIR PORTS
sea ports• Akcansa Ambarli Port
Air ports• Istanbul Ataturk Airport
• Isparta Suleyman Demirel Airport
• Gaziantep Airport
• Nevsehir Cappadocia Airport
Turkey recorded a trade deficit of 9805.72 USD
Million in July of 2013.
Turkey Balance of Trade averaged -1328.39 USD
Million from 1957 until 2013
Reaching an all time high of 24.51 USD Million in
December of 1971 and a record low of -10453.06
USD Million in September of 2011.
Turkey recorded a Current Account deficit of 4445 USD
Million in June of 2013
Turkey Current Account averaged -1141.85 USD Million
from 1984 until 2013,
Reaching an all time high of 1132 USD Million in
September of 1998 and a record low of -9518 USD Million
in March of 2011.
Exports in Turkey increased to 13112.54 USD Million
in July of 2013 from 12404.94 USD Million in June of
Turkey Exports averaged 2210.61 USD Million from
1957 until 2013, reaching an all time high of 13755.22
USD Million in November of 2012 and a record low of
Turkey major exports are: textiles and clothing,
automotive, iron and steel, white goods and
chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
Turkey is also one of the leading shipbuilding
Turkey's main export partners are European Union,
United States and Russia
Imports in Turkey increased to 22918.26 USD
Million in July of 2013 from 21009.15 USD Million in
June of 2013
Turkey Imports averaged 3567.44 USD Million from
1957 until 2013,
Reaching an all time high of 23245.70 USD Million
in May of 2013 and a record low of 15 USD Million
in August of 1958.
Turkey imports mainly machinery, chemicals, semifinished goods, fuels and transport equipment.
Its principal trading partners are European Union
countries (Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, France),
Russia, China and United States
Free Trade Agreements have already been signed
with 18 countries
EFTA, Israel, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia
Herzegovina, Palestine, Tunisia, Morocco, Syria,
Egypt, Albania, Georgia, Montenegro, Serbia, Chile,
Jordan, Lebanon and Mauritius
FTA YET TO SIGNED
10 countries/group of countries (Algeria, Mexico,
South Africa Customs Union, ASEAN, Indonesia,
Peru, Mid-America Union, ACP Countries (76
countries), India and Canada).