Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) - Dr. Janil Gore-Francis - Plant Protection Officer

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This session will seek to provide participants with an overview of the provisions in the EPA Agreement as it pertains to SPS measures

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Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) - Dr. Janil Gore-Francis - Plant Protection Officer

  1. 1. ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT (EPA) TECHNICAL WORKSHOP:10-11 MARCH 2011
  2. 2. The worldis a globalvillage!!!!
  3. 3.  To provide the right balance between the right of governments to protect food safety, plant and animal health To prevent SPS measures from being unjustified trade barriers
  4. 4.  Established by the WTO & responsible for overseeing implementation of the SPS Agreement Meets 3 times annually thus offering an opportunity for WTO members to raise specific trade concerns regarding SPS requirements of trading partners
  5. 5.  Has developed guidelines to assist governments in ensuring a consistent approach in determining their acceptable risk levels and in selecting the measures to achieve these.
  6. 6.  All countries maintain measures to ensure that food is safe for consumers & to prevent spread of pests and disease among plants and animals (i.e., SPS Measures). Examples are:  Acquire goods from disease-free areas only  Inspection of products  Specific treatment or processing of products  Maximum levels of pesticide residues  Allowing only certain additives in food Measures must apply to both domestic and imported products
  7. 7.  Justification of measures must be accurately & scientifically based Measures are based on international standards (CODEX, OIE, IPPC) Equivalent, where necessary (i.e., use of alternative measures to achieve same end) Regionalization & recognition of pest free areas Risk assessment is encouraged Transparency (notification of Parties re: new/changed measures taken) – NNA/EP
  8. 8.  Antigua and Barbuda are signatory to the:  WTO Agreement (1995)  IPPC (2005)  CODEX (1988) OIE (not members: annual subscription prohibitive!!) SOURCE: http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/antigua- and-barbuda/export-import.html
  9. 9. Legislation STATUSPesticides & Toxic Chemicals Control Act •New act enacted in (June) 2010(sanitary) •Regulations currently being worked• pesticides imports- registration, management, onetc.• manages illegal importation of unregistered &banned pesticides•Certifies pest control operatorsFood Safety Act (sanitary) •No legislation exists•Addresses matters of food safety •draft act to be brought before upcoming Parliamentary sessionPlant Protection Act (phytosanitary) •Current: Plant Protection Act (1941)•Regulates import & export of plant materials •draft act to be brought before•Manages plant pest problems nationally upcoming Parliamentary sessionAnimal Health Act (sanitary) •Animals (International Movement &•Regulates import & export of animals and animal Disease, 1987 + Diseases &products Importation, 1953) Act•Manages animal diseases nationally •Draft act currently under review by A.G.’s chambers
  10. 10.  National Notification Authority (NNA)  Ministry of Agriculture (2005, Cabinet Decision) Enquiry Point  Plant Protection Officer – Dept. of Agriculture E-mail: sps.enquiries@antigua.gov.ag Notifications to SPS Committee to date (2005):  Draft Plant Protection Act, draft Food Safety Act, draft Animal Health Act, Pesticides & Toxic Chemicals Control Act
  11. 11.  TORs developed for nSPSC Last met mid-2010 Comprises personnel from agriculture, analytical services, health, trade, Bureau of Standards & IICA Budget submission for 2010 & 2011 submitted to Ministry of Agriculture but not approved
  12. 12. Institution represented No. of meetings attendedTrade 1Plant Protection 4Veterinary & Livestock 4Antigua & Barbuda Bureau of Standards 3Central Board of Health 4Agriculture Extension 1Central Marketing Corporation 1 NOTE: Attendance of these meetings was facilitated largely by the IICA Initiative for the Americas to improve representation at the SPS Committee meetings
  13. 13.  Passage of outstanding draft legislation Capacity building for HR (collection of scientific data, building & management of scientific databases, conduct of risk analyses, training in negotiation skills, etc) Development of systems for data collection & management Acquisition of required laboratory & other infrastructure) Financial & other commitment of government to the work of the nSPS Committee

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