Nursing process implementing and evaluating


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Nursing process implementing and evaluating

  2. 2. Introduction• It is the phase in which the nurse implements the nursing interventions.• Definition: Implementing consist of doing & documenting the activities that are the specific nursing actions needed to carry out the interventions.
  3. 3. • The degree of participation depends on the client’s health status.• For Eg. an unconscious man, Ambulatory client.• The first 3 steps of nursing process, provide basis for the nursing actions performed during the implementing step.
  4. 4. Implementing skills• Need cognitive, interpersonal & technical skills. – Cognitive: - includes problem solving, decision making, critical thinking & creativity . – Interpersonal: - Verbal & nonverbal. – Technical Skills: - “Hands on” skills like manipulating equipments giving Injections & bandaging, moving lifting & repositioning. Other use called “Psychomotor skills”
  5. 5. Process ofImplementing1. Reassess the client2. Determining the nurse’s need for assistance3. Implementing nursing interventions4. Supervising delegated care5. Documenting nurses activities.
  6. 6. Assessing a. Collect data b. Organize data c. Validate data d. Document data Diagnosing a. Analyze data b. Identify health problems, risks and strength, c. Formulating nursing diagnosisImplementinga. Reassess clientb. Determine the nurses Planning need for assistance a. Setting prioritiesc. Implementing nursing b. Establishing client interventions goals, desiredd. Supervising delegated outcomes care c. Selecting nursinge. Documenting nurses interventions activities d. Writing nursing orders
  7. 7. 1) Reassessing the client• Before implementing the nurse must reassess the need.• Even order written on the care plan, the client’s condition may have changed.• Eg. Mr. A has nursing diagnoses of disturbed sleep pattern related to anxiety & unfamiliar surroundings.
  8. 8. • During rounds, the nurse discovers that Mr. A is sleeping & therefore defers the back massage that have been planned as a relaxation strategy• New data may indicate a need to change the priorities of care of the nursing activities.
  9. 9. 2) Determining the nurses need forassistance• When implementing some nursing interventions, the nurse may require assistance for one of the following reasons. - The nurse is unable to implement the nursing activity safely alone (Eg. Ambulating on unsteady obese client)
  10. 10. 2) Determining the nurses need for assistance- Assistance would reduce stress onclient (Eg. turning a person whoexperiences acute pain whenmoved)- The nurse lacks the knowledge orskills to implement a particularnursing activity.
  11. 11. 3) Implementing the Nursing Interventions• When Implementing nurse should follow these guidelines.–Base nursing interventions on scientific knowledge,nursing research & professional standards of care,whenever is possible.–Nurse must know scientific rationale & Side effectsor complications of all interventions. Eg. Drug beforemeals
  12. 12. I. Clearly understand the orders to be in implemented & question any that are not understood.II. Adopt activities to the individual client.III. Implement safe care.IV. Provide teaching, support & comfort.V. Be holisticVI. Respect the dignity of the client & Enhance self esteemVII. Encourage client to participate actively in implementation 12
  13. 13. 4) Supervising Delegated CareIf care has been delegated to otherhealth care personnel, the nurseresponsible for all the client’s caremust ensure that the activities havebeen implemented according to thecare plan. 13
  14. 14. 5) Documenting Nursing Activities•The nurse complete theimplementing phase by recordingthe interventions and clientresponses in the nursing processnotes. 14
  15. 15. •The nurse may record routine orrecurring activities such as mouth carein the client record at the end of shift,while some actions recorded in specialworksheets according to agencypolicy.•Immediate recording helps safeguardthe client to prevent double actions. 15
  16. 16. Evaluation• The last phase of the nursing process, follows implementation of the plan of care,• It’s the judgment of the effectiveness of nursing care to meet client goals based on the client’s behavioral responses. 16
  17. 17. Definition• Evaluating is a planned, ongoing, purposeful activity in which clients and health care professionals determine the client’s progress toward achievement of goals/outcomes and the effectiveness of the nursing care plan. 17
  18. 18. 1. Evaluation is continuous2. Done immediately after implementation to make on the spot modifications in an intervention.3. Evaluation performed at specified intervals. 18
  19. 19. 4.Evaluation continues until the client achieves the health goals or discharged from nursing care.5.Evaluation includes goal achievement & self care abilities.6.Through Evaluation Nurses demonstrates responsibility accountability for their actions, indicate interest in the results of the nursing activities. 19
  20. 20. Process of Evaluating Client Responses1. Collecting data related to the desired outcomes2. Comparing the data with outcomes3. Relating nursing activities to outcomes4. Drawing conclusions about problem status5. Continuing, modifying, or terminating the nursing care plan. 20
  21. 21. When determining whether a goal has beenachieved, the nurse can draw one of the threepossible conclusions:– The goal was met, that is the client response isthe same as the desired outcomes.–The goal was partially met, that is either a shortterm goal was achieved but the long term was not,or the desired outcome was only partiallyattained.–The goal was not met. 21
  22. 22. Relationship of Evaluation to Nursing Process
  23. 23. “When goals have been partially met or when goals have not been met, two conclusions may be drawn: • The care plan may need to be revised, since the problem is only partially resolvedOR • The care plan does not need revision, because the client merely needs more time to achieve the previously established goals. So the nurse must reassess why the goals are not being partially achieved.