Designing with Vegetables - the Oakville Horticultural Society


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Designing with Vegetables - the Oakville Horticultural Society

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Designing with Vegetables - the Oakville Horticultural Society

  1. 1. Designing withVegetables
  2. 2. Subhead Body text You can change the colour of this background box. RBG colour pallette is provided in the Colours dialogue box.• 900 hectares in total• 5 formal garden areas with 40 plant collections (Lilac, Roses, Iris, Lilies, Daffodils)• 810 hectares of natural lands with 27km of trails
  3. 3. Opened at the Laking Garden in July 2009Funded by the Ministry of the EnvironmentGo Green Fund
  4. 4. Subhead Body text You can change the colour of this background box. RBG colour pallette is provided in the Colours dialogue box.*This project has received funding support from the Government of Ontario. Such supportdoes not indicate endorsement by the Government of Ontario of the contents of this material
  5. 5. 9 Demonstration Vegetable Plots & Interpretive Zone where visitors are Gardens’ Caféencouraged to take the Kitchen Garden veg pledge I/we pledge to use locally grown produce in at leastone meal a week for Staplesa year to help reduce Garden my/our carbon footprint.
  6. 6. Edible Weekends – 2011
  7. 7. Vs.
  8. 8. •Line•Balance •Companion planting•Texture •Crop rotation•Colour •Heritage Varieties•Repetition •Year round harvest•Variety•Flow•Seasonality•Sight lines – focalpoints•Architecture
  9. 9. Map it!
  10. 10. Make it easy, use graph paper!Measure your yard 12’Decide what size each Subheadsquare will represent Body text– only limiting factoris the size of the page! You can change the colour of this background box. RBG colour pallette is provided in the Colours dialogue box. 10’My garden is 120 square feet = 1 square footSo my drawing is 10 squaresby 12 squares (that was an easy one)
  11. 11. If I divide the longest dimension 80’ by 1, do I have enough squares? No, what about if I divide it by 2? That will work!20’ This space is 1600 square feet = 2x2 = 4 square feet So my drawing is 10 squares by 40 squares
  12. 12. If I divide the longest 150’ dimension by 1, do I have enough squares? No, what about if I divide it by 2? No, what about if I divide it by 3? No, What if30’ I divide by 5. That will work! This space is 4500 square feet = 5x5 = 25 square feet So my drawing is 6 squares by 30 squares
  13. 13. 12’10’
  14. 14. Must Have’s…..Identify Sun/Shade – you will need more sun thanshade for vegetables!Make it functional – you will need to get in there toweed and harvestVeggies need good soil and lots of water– can you dWould be nice…..•Create vistas and focal points – from inside and out•Style! - Parterre? Linear? Curves?
  15. 15. Now that you have yourgarden beds – let’s figure out what veggies we are going to put in them
  16. 16. Think about your tummy first.
  17. 17. 2012Vegetables •Tomatoes •Kale•Cucumbers •Zucchini •Radishes •Lettuce •Peppers•Swiss Chard •Beans •Peas
  18. 18. In a utilitarian vegetablegarden you would decidehow many tomato plants will yield an amount oftomatoes you can handle, and plant that many. In a stylized vegetableplanting, you need to do it backyards….think about style, the yield is an after thought
  19. 19. The recommend spacingmay not always provide youwith the aesthetic you wantThis is especially true when you are designing containers.
  20. 20. LineTextureArchitecture /HeightColourRepetitionFlow- Sight lines –focal pointsVarietySeasonality
  21. 21. Basil ‘Pesto Perpetuo’ Okra ‘Little Fuzzy Lucy’ Cucumber Lettuce Summer ‘Sangria’ Squash Lettuce ‘Papaya‘Annapolis’ Pear’ Zucchini ‘Eight Ball’
  22. 22. Can be achieved with plants, pathways,layout or structures
  23. 23. •Make sure thepathways lead to alogical place•Create a surprise oftwo•Focal points can beplants, containers, art,structure etc.
  24. 24. Early season crops-lettuce, radishes, asparagus, rhubarb, spinachMid season crops-beets, cabbage, peas, beans, eggplant, peppers, potatoes, tomatoesLate season crops-tomatoes, squash, cucumbers, corn, carrots, turnips, melons, broccoli,cauliflowerLong Season Vegetables/HerbsHerbs – basil, rosemary, oregano, thyme, parsley, cilantroKale, chardSuccession SowingLettuce, radishes, spinach, kohlrabi
  25. 25. •Companion planting•Crop rotation•Heritage Varieties•Year round harvest
  26. 26. Planting complimentary plants can help boostgrow and minimize pests Basil helps tomatoes with insects and disease an boosts growth and flavor Broccoli does better when planted with Rosemary or other aromatic herbs Cabbage benefits from Celery A few radishes in a cucumber hill can deter cucumber beetles
  27. 27. Isn’t that forWhy is this important? famers?• Confuse pests!• Different plants take different things from the soil• Rotation between different families of plants works well as different families have different feeding habits and susceptibilities
  28. 28. Heavy Feeders broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celeriac, celery, chard, cucumber, endive, kohlrabi, leek, lettuce, spinach, squash, corn Light Feeders Soil Improversbeet, carrot, radish, broad beans, lima beans, bush rutabaga, turnip and pole beans, peas
  29. 29. High yield Open pollinated (able to produce seed)Suited to mechanical harvesting Wide variety of choices Many varieties with better taste/flavourFertilizer response Aesthetic value (green tomatoes, blue potatoes)Withstand chemical pest and disease control Preserve our heritage and cultureShipping qualities
  30. 30. ‘Little ‘Gretel’ Green’ ‘Hansel’ ‘Listada De Gandia’‘Fairytale’
  31. 31. ‘Bright Lights’ ‘Silverado‘Oriole ’Orange’
  32. 32. ‘Purple ‘Carmen’ Star’‘Cajun Belle’ ‘Orange Blaze’
  33. 33. ‘Chocolate ‘White Habanero’ Habanero’ ‘Caribbean Red’ ‘Lemon YellowHabanero’
  34. 34. ‘Calypso Red, Yellow, ‘BlackOrange’ Pearl’ ‘Medusa’ ‘Purple Flash’
  35. 35. ‘Graffiti’‘Cheddar’ ‘Veronica’
  36. 36. Basil Basil ‘Spicy‘Boxwood’ Globe’ Basil &‘Red ‘Pesto Perpetuo’ Ruffles’ Basil ‘Siam Queen’
  37. 37. Squash Squash ‘Cream of ‘PapayaSquash the Crop’‘Lunar’ Pear’ Pumpkin ‘Jamboree’ Squash ‘Bush Delicata’
  38. 38. ‘Big Beef’ ‘Jersey Giant’‘Husky ‘Green Gold’ Zebra’
  39. 39. Kale‘Starbor’ Kale ‘Glamour Kale Kale Red’ ‘Redbor’ ‘Russian Red’ Kale ‘Nero Di Toscana’
  40. 40. Flow- Sight lines – focal pointsLine Colour Companion plantingTexture Repetition Crop rotationArchitecture /Height Variety Heritage Varieties Seasonality Year round harvest 2012 Vegetables •Tomatoes •Kale •Cucumbers •Zucchini •Radishes •Lettuce •Peppers•Swiss Chard •Beans •Peas = 1 square foot
  41. 41. SubheadBody textYou can change the colour of this background box.RBG colour pallette is provided in the Colours dialoguebox.
  42. 42. SubheadBody textYou can change the colour of this background box.RBG colour pallette is provided in the Colours dialoguebox.
  43. 43. This fine Italian pepper was grown each yearby Giuseppe and Angella Nardiello, at theirgarden in the village of Ruoti, in SouthernItaly. In 1887 they set sail with their one-year-old daughter Anna for a new life in theUSA. When they reached these shores, theysettled and gardened in Naugatuck,Connecticut, and grew this same pepperthat was named for their fourth son Jimmy.This long, thin-skinned frying pepper drieseasily and has such a rich flavor that thisvariety has been placed in "The Ark ofTaste" by the Slow Food organization.Ripens a deep red, is very prolific, and doeswell in most areas.
  44. 44. •William Dam Seeds•Baker Creek•The Cottage Gardener•Stokes•JVK•Ball Horticultural•The Cottage Gardener•Terra EdiblesSeedy Saturdays!
  45. 45. Parterre Garden
  46. 46. Potager
  47. 47. ParterreGarden -Scotland
  48. 48. MarthaStewartsHerbGarden atNYBG
  49. 49. ChicagoBotanicalGarden
  50. 50. Atlanta BotanicalGarden
  51. 51. Veggie Village – Urban Edibles
  52. 52. VeggieVillage –GlobalGarden
  53. 53. Veggie Village –Dave’s HerbalDelight
  54. 54. Veggie Village –On the balconywith Emma
  55. 55. Thanks for listening! HappyVegetableGardening