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Tecnologias Habilitadoras do Futuro: Avanços e Tendências

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#‎HackTown‬ 2016. Wearables, Internet of Things, Convergência Homem-máquina, Singularidade Tecnológica, Transhumanismo, Cyborgs.

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Tecnologias Habilitadoras do Futuro: Avanços e Tendências

  1. 1. TECNOLOGIAS HABILITADORAS DO FUTURO: AVANÇOS E TENDÊNCIAS Antônio M. Alberti, Professor e Pesquisador
  2. 2. (c) Antonio Alberti, Inatel, 2014. FOR TOO LONG WE TALK ABOUT TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION AND THE RATE AT WHICH IT OCCURS.
  3. 3. (c) Antonio Alberti, Inatel, 2014. VERY OFTEN, PEOPLE CITE MOORE'S LAW AS AN EXAMPLE OF LAW CAPABLE OF PREDICTING TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN COMPUTING POWER. Gordon Moore, 2004.
  4. 4. (c) Antonio Alberti, Inatel, 2014. “THE QUANTITY OF TRANSISTORS THAT CAN BE PLACED INEXPENSIVELY ON AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT HAS DOUBLED APPROXIMATELY EVERY TWO YEARS.”
  5. 5. (c) Antonio Alberti, Inatel, 2014. MORE RECENTLY, RAYMOND KURZWEIL PRESENTED A THEORY FOR TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION AND A NEW LAW THAT EXPANDS MOORE LAW TO DESCRIBE THE EXPONENTIAL GROWTH OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES THE LAW OF ACCELERATING RETURNS
  6. 6. (c) Antonio Alberti, Inatel, 2014. t e e
  7. 7. WEARABLES - VESTÍVEIS Dispositivos vestíveis pelas pessoas. Máquinas que coletam dados e atuam sobre às pessoas.
  8. 8. EXEMPLOS ú SAÚDE E BEM ESTAR “Três sensores portáteis e aplicativo de smartphone que trabalham juntos como seu treinador pessoal. Ele monitora sua forma de fazer exercícios com precisão e orienta-o com áudio e vibração” 1. Escolha um programa 2. Estou fazendo correto? 3. Quanto eu fiz?
  9. 9. EXEMPLOS ú SAÚDE E BEM ESTAR Anel e aplicativo que medem o quão bem você dormiu e o quão desperto você está.
  10. 10. EXEMPLOS ú SAÚDE E BEM ESTAR “Mede suas respostas musculares para gerar pulsos elétricos direcionados que impedem os sinais de dor de alcançar seu cérebro”.
  11. 11. EXEMPLOS ú SAÚDE E BEM ESTAR
  12. 12. EXEMPLOS ú WEARABLES DRONES • A CAPACIDADE DOS DRONES COMEÇA A ESPELHAR A DOS SMARTPHONES. http://www.livescience.com/50160-wearable-drones-future-tech.html BREATHE: “Sensor de poluição e filtro que se senta passivamente no ombro de uma pessoa, mas decola quando os níveis de poluição estiverem altos”. CAMERA
  13. 13. EXEMPLOS ú WEARABLES DRONES PARASOL: Ao detectar precipitação iminente ou altos níveis de radiação ultravioleta, pode se transformar em equipamentos de proteção (como um guarda-chuva)
  14. 14. FLEXÍVEIS VESTÍVEIS ú TECIDOS ELETRÔNICOS ú DISPOSITIVOS PLÁSTICOS (TEONEX) ú SENSORES FLEXÍVEIS Fig.1 Two different printed architectures for sensing elements: (a) double printed layers and (b) blended single layer Fig.2 Three dimensional structure of the designed SIDE array; sensor numbers refer to the sensing material and printed pattern as shown in table 1 Fig.2 shows the three dimensional structure of the designed SIDE array. It consists of eight SIDEs for deposition of eight different thin films as shown in Table 1. The fingers of each SIDE were defined for the width and separation distance of 200 m. The size of the array is about 20 mm x 20 mm. The sensing materials were inkjet-printed on top of each SIDE as square in an area of 3 mm x 3 mm. Silver ink dispensing parameters and further information about the ink formulations and printing systems can be found in our previous work [6-7]. Fig. 3 Prototype of a wearable e-nose, the sensors is based on inkjet printing and the communication is based on Zigbee technology Based on a preliminary study, we have collected odor data from the armpits (left (L) and right (R) sides) of a volunteer (33 years-old healthy subject) using the constructed wearable device. Body odors were monitored based on the following activities of the volunteer as simulated in three stages: (i before exercise (normal stage and used as reference), (ii) afte exercise and (iii) after exercise and relaxing for a long time. Before the experiment was performed, the reference baseline was obtained by exposing the sensor to the ambient air. Then the volunteer wore the device and the data was collected for 5 min. The experiments in each stage were carried out for three times. The sensors were recovered to the reference baseline after each experiment before the next experiment started (by exposure of the sensor to the ambient air). We have used principal component analysis (PCA) based on the unsupervised learning method to observe the odor progression in every minute. For one state, we obtained 15 data points (5 points x 3 repeating times) on the space of the first two “Os sensores são impressos em jato de tinta e a comunicação é baseada ZigBee”, Lorwongtragool et al., 2013. “LEDs e fotodiodos permitem monitorar a saturação arterial de oxigênio e hemoglobina oxigenada e desoxigenada no tecido humano”. http://www.ife.ee.ethz.ch/research/groups/PlasticElectronics/integration
  15. 15. DOCTOR/NURSE/PATIENT INTERACTION “An employee at CHI Franciscan Health’s telemedicine center in Tacoma, Wash., monitoring far-flung patients’ vital signs.” Credit Evan McGlinn for The New York Times, July 11th, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/12/health/modern-doctors-house-calls-skype-chat-and-fast-diagnosis.html?_r=0
  16. 16. (c) Antonio Alberti 2015, Inatel - All rights reserved. Telemedicine and many other applications will require self- driven information exchanging, processing, and storage. It is humanly impossible to scale this to cover everyone!! Autonomic services will be required. Are you ready to autorize a machine to manage your health? DOCTOR/NURSE/PATIENT INTERACTION
  17. 17. CYBORGS / IMPLANTS
  18. 18. CYBORGS / IMPLANTS To make proper changes in our “hacked” biology, we should have very good self- awareness of biological/artificial organs, tissues, etc. A complete hybrid machine/biology decision loop will be required. Body Monitoring Estimated Self- Awareness Self-Driven Operation/ Management (AI) Actuators (Biological and Machine-based)
  19. 19. Representatives of “embedded devices” can publish biological information on the proper context and apply user specific policies, treatments, regulations, etc., enabling the emergence of the expected behaviors in our bodies. Self-Driven Operation/Management Services can control/operate/manage our embedded machines making the bridge with gene expression technologies, jointly fighting against carbon/silicon entropy increase. The Internet of Micro and Nano “Things”!!! CYBORGS / IMPLANTS
  20. 20. DNA/IMPLANTS/EMBEDDED DEVICES PROTECTION
  21. 21. DNA/IMPLANTS/EMBEDDED DEVICES PROTECTION Instead of attacking web sites, hackers will attack your DNA! New engineered living viruses could provoke never-seen-before diseases. “In essence, medical technology will create a synthetic nervous system in parallel with our natural one.” Drew Harris, Wall Street Journal, July 21th, 2015. Convergence between artificial/natural immunological systems would be required.
  22. 22. Trustable fellowships of services and implanted machines’ representatives can cooperate to detect DNA threads, self- organizing solutions and delivering countermeasures to biology/implants, fast reacting to emerging threads. DNA/IMPLANTS/EMBEDDED DEVICES PROTECTION Self-Driven Operation/Mngt. (AI) Implants representatives Self-organized countermeasures Actuators (Biological and Machine-based)
  23. 23. “THE SINGULARITY IS AN ERA IN WHICH OUR INTELLIGENCE WILL BECOME INCREASINGLY NONBIOLOGICAL AND TRILLIONS OF TIMES MORE POWERFUL THAN IT IS TODAY—THE DAWNING OF A NEW CIVILIZATION THAT WILL ENABLE US TO TRANSCEND OUR BIOLOGICAL LIMITATIONS AND AMPLIFY OUR CREATIVITY.”
  24. 24. SOME POSSIBLE PATHS TO TECHNOLOGICAL SINGULARITY •SUPERCOMPUTING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE •HACKING HUMAN INTELLIGENCE ON SUPERCOMPUTERS •SUPERCOMPUTING STIMULATED EVOLUTION •SELF-IMPROVING SWARMS OF MICRO/NANO ROBOTS •SELF-IMPROVING ROBOTICS •SELF-IMPROVING CONVERGENT INFORMATION ARCHITECTURES FOR EVERYTHING.
  25. 25. KURZWEIL + GOOGLE
  26. 26. KURZWEIL + GOOGLE
  27. 27. KURZWEIL + GOOGLE
  28. 28. 2045 INITIATIVE
  29. 29. 2045 INITIATIVE PROJECT AVATAR, ANDROID ROBOTICS, ANTHROPOMORPHIC TELEPRESENCE, NEUROSCIENCE, MIND THEORY, NEUROENGINEERING, BRAIN- COMPUTER INTERFACES, NEUROPROSTHETICS, NEUROTRANSPLANTATION, LONG- RANGE FORECASTING, FUTURE EVOLUTION STRATEGY, EVOLUTIONARY TRANSHUMANISM, ETHICS, BIONIC PROSTHESES, CYBERNETIC LIFE- EXTENSION, MID-CENTURY SINGULARITY, NEO-HUMANITY, META- INTELLIGENCE, CYBERNETIC IMMORTALITY…
  30. 30. TRANSHUMANISM “INTELLIGENCE WANTS TO BE FREE BUT EVERYWHERE IS IN CHAINS. IT IS IMPRISONED BY BIOLOGY AND ITS INEVITABLE SCARCITY. BIOLOGY MANDATES NOT ONLY VERY LIMITED DURABILITY, DEATH AND POOR MEMORY RETENTION, BUT ALSO LIMITED SPEED OF COMMUNICATION, TRANSPORTATION, LEARNING, INTERACTION AND EVOLUTION.” FROM:
  31. 31. TRANSHUMANISM “TRANSHUMANISTS OF THE WORLD UNITE – WE HAVE IMMORTALITY TO GAIN AND ONLY BIOLOGY TO LOSE. TOGETHER, WE CAN BREAK THROUGH THE CHAINS OF BIOLOGY AND TRANSCEND SCARCITY, SEX, AGE, ETHNICITY, RACE, DEATH AND EVEN TIME AND SPACE.
 IN SHORT, TRANSHUMANISTS EVERYWHERE MUST SUPPORT THE REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT AGAINST DEATH AND THE EXISTING BIOLOGICAL ORDER OF THINGS.” FROM:
  32. 32. DO YOU WANT TO BE A CYBORG? HOW CONCERNED ARE YOU WITH FUTURE OF JOBS? ARE YOU READY TO DELEGATE YOUR LIFE TO A MACHINE ? ARE YOU A SINGULARITIAN? ARE YOU A TRANSHUMANIST?
  33. 33. OBRIGADO!! Antonio Marcos Alberti

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