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FUTURE INTERNET AND THE “THINGS”, NANOTHINGS!

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Talk given by Antonio Alberti at 4th Brazil Korea Forum 2014. Discusses about Future Internet architectures and nanotechnologies. Presents the idea of the Internet of Micro and Nano Things (IoMN), an emerging paradigm for convergence of both areas.

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FUTURE INTERNET AND THE “THINGS”, NANOTHINGS!

  1. 1. FUTURE INTERNET AND THE “THINGS” © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 Antonio Marcos Alberti ! 27th August 2014
  2. 2. 1. Panorama on the Current Internet Status ü The Internet has invaded most aspects of life and society, changing our lifestyle, work, communication, and social interaction. ! ü Nobody doubts about the fundamental role of the Internet on our information society. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 ! ! ! ! ! ü The Internet has strong impact on economy, specially on the services sector (70% of GDP on modern economies).
  3. 3. 1. Panorama on the Current Internet Status ü However, it was designed in an era where technological © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 development was completely different from today. ! ü There was not enough capacity to support sophisticated networking services - the solution was to design a simple, but robust network. ! ü The terminals were fixed, inside secure university/government environment - there was not attackers!! ! ü During decades, it was incrementally developed and deployed, achieving impressive scales!!!
  4. 4. 1. Panorama on the Current Internet Status ü The result is a complex agglomerate of incremental protocols that inherits the grown legacies of decades of patchwork solutions. ! ü New protocols must live with the limitations of the preceding. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 ! ü Intermediary layers have been added to overcome unplanned situations, reducing network efficiency. ! ü While at the physical layer we are approaching to the theoretic Shannon’s limit of channel capacity, at network level, lots of bytes are lost on inefficient stacking. ! ü Let’s consider an example:
  5. 5. Simple (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  6. 6. Virtual LAN (VLAN) (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  7. 7. Provider Backbone Bridge (PBB) (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  8. 8. Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  9. 9. Tunnel IP over IP (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  10. 10. Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  11. 11. V$#^!X!LAN Waste of the precious bit rate achieved by physical layer! Too much control, too few useful information! (c) Marco Casaroli 2014
  12. 12. 1. Panorama on the Current Internet Status ü These limitations motivated many people to question the adequacy of the current Internet architecture to meet the exponential growths expected to the Internet in the next decades! ! ü Since this question was first made, a lot of initiatives to reshape the Internet appeared around the world - the so called Future Internet Architecture (FIA) design. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 ! ü There are two extremes on the path to FIAs: ü Evolutionary ü Clean Slate
  13. 13. 2. The Race for Future Internet Architectures Europe: FP6/FP7/Horizon2020, PPP, KIC, Eureka, EuroNF - EIFFEL, GÉANT2, OneLab & PanLab, NESSI, NEM, RNRT - 4WARD, SENSEI, S-CUBE, 2020 3D, eMobility, G-Lab, AutoI - CASCADAS, SAIL, IRATI, ABNO, NFV - FIA: FCN, FIRE, SOFI, RWI; FI-PPP: FI-WARE, FINEST - ETPs: NEM, NESSI, USA: NeTS e Outros Net!Works, EPoS, ENIAC. - NewArch, 100x100 - FIND, NOSS, ProWin - NBD, GENI, PlanetLab - Internet2 - RINA, XIA, MobilityFirst - CCNx, NDN © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 ‣ Map of world wide initiatives Japan: NICT, Univ. Tokio. -Akari, Net. Virtual. Lab. -JGN, JGN2, JGN2+ -Spark Map: Wikipédia. © Antônio M. Alberti Canada: - Canarie Asia: - AsiaFI - CJK Korea: - FIF, MOFI, - IDCOM, DIANA Brazil: - RNP, FIBRE - Horizon - RouteFlow - NovaGenesis China: - CNGI This is our approach!
  14. 14. NovaGenesis ‣ What is it? ‣ A Clean Slate Convergent Information Architecture ‣ A Framework Easily Integrated with the Current Internet ‣ An Alternative to the Current Internet Architecture www.inatel.br/novagenesis Fig. 1. Full mesh of synergies and dependencies among future Internet ingredients. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 subscribing of services require authentication, secrecy, integrity, and authorization.
  15. 15. 3. Future Internet and the “Things” ü The physical world will be increasingly integrated to the virtual © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 one. ! ü New applications are emerging to take advantage of this situational information, e.g. like augment reality, ambient intelligence, social appliances, networked cars, etc. ! ü The number of things (physical world objects) being added to the Internet is growing up exponentially as the price of computer and communication costs reduce every day. ! ü Additionally, technology evolution leads to miniaturization, so we can expect smaller and smaller things forming Internets or being integrated to the Internet.
  16. 16. 3. Future Internet and the “Things” ü Miniaturization will probably lead to the emergence of the © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 Internet of Micro and Nano Things (IoMNT). Tumi-1983 From appliances to… …barely visible (e.g. small robots) or even invisible things (e.g. microelectromechanical systems). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microrobot#mediaviewer/File:Robot-army.png http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microelectromechanical_systems#mediaviewer/File:Labonachip20017-300.jpg
  17. 17. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 3. Future Internet and the “Things” ü The challenges/opportunities: ü How to identify or trace back a micro Thing that is transmitting a very important data? ü Putting an IPv6 address on it? What if it disconnects? What if it moves? ü We can not loose traceability to micro or nano Things connected to the Internet while it is moving, e.g. on e-health. ! ü How to manage/control an “army” of invisible things connected to the Internet? ü To do it manually or to use some auto-pilot? ü Are we prepared to an “army” of self-driven micro and nano Things?
  18. 18. Data Information Knowledge Wisdom © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 3. Future Internet and the “Things” ü The challenges/opportunities: ü The IoMNT can create a really huge flood of data that needs to be contextualized. ü To transform this huge amount of raw data on knowledge is one of the biggest challenges behind the IoT. ! ! ! ü There is an entire cycle of data processing up to the generation of knowledge, as well as its sharing. ! ü How to expose micro or nano Things capacities to software? ! ü How to change micro or nano Things behavior using software?
  19. 19. 4. Final Comments ü We are moving to a smart Internet that enables people to express their intents, preferences, policies, which will drive intelligent applications towards better using and sharing our physical world resources, creating a self-organizing fellowship of things. ! ü The convergence of Nanotechnology with Future Internet moves us towards the direction of programmable matter. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 ! ü This physical/virtual bridge has the potential to fully integrate the natural world with our creations, but poses a series of unthinkable challenges.
  20. 20. © Antônio M. Alberti 2014 Thank You! Antônio Marcos Alberti ! antonioalberti.blogspot.com facebook.com/antoniomarcos.alberti researchgate.net/profile/Antonio_Alberti linkedin.com/profile/view?id=69752898 http://inatel.academia.edu/AntonioMarcosAlberti mendeley.com/profiles/antonio-marcos-alberti/ twitter.com/antoniomalberti

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