At a working level, we operate in a network of aggregators. We can’t work directly with 2,200 organisations, so we rely on aggregators to collect data, harmonise it, and deliver to Europeana. Aggregators are important because they share a background with the organisations whose content they bring together, so there is close understanding. The aggregation model enables Europeana to collect huge quantities of data from thousands of providers, through only a handful of channels.
Les Miserables: Victor Hugo’s handwritten manuscripts: http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/9200103/5372912AF66AB529E188218BC1F747E75EB1A18F.html BnF, public domain Matisse ‘53 in the form of a double helix’ http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/9200104/F8D60AB9136C8A59B59DF1CFEC278A6CABA8B0C6.html The Wellcome Library (CC-BY-NC-ND) ‘ söprűtánc ’ – Hungarian traditional dance http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/2023601/E1A7B01BE4AED87FD239672F4F3941F52262D6B2.html Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute for Musicolog y, public domain ‘ Neurologico reggae’ Music album http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/08901/ADC241BCBF8470988DBA6EEAFCF13F14D88E5534.html DISMARC – EuropeanaConnect Paid Access ‘ Castle of Kavala’ 3D exploration of a Greek castle http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/2020703/05607B24D15BD516EE2B765F74CDA39C7427F7FB.html Cultural and Educational Technology Institute - Research Centre Athen CARARE CC-BY-NC-ND
Example used is: http://preview.europeana.eu/portal/record/90402/174D436CF5C61F8AA999090C98DA48B9C7024087.html Een vrouw met een kind in een kelderkamer by Pieter de Hooch, Rijksmuseum, public domain
There will always be at least two aggregations for the same thing even if only one provider offers it - Europeana will always make its own aggregation and add its own metadata. Here is how it looks when europeana adds its own enriched metadata…. Our own proxy with our own – enriched – metadata – using the edm:agent class and the VIAF identifier we can add skos preflabels to his name in two languages.
In order to provide the means and tools for digital humanities researchers to exploit the cultural heritage materials, a new research infrastructure, Europeana Research, will be created by extending the currently existing portal of The European Library. Early stages of the project will analyse how academic users locate data and how they perceive the value of the content within Europeana. This analysis will be the basis of the content strategy of the Europeana Research platform, and will also provide the understanding of scholarly workflows which will be supported by Europeana Research. This analysis will be carried out jointly with the DARIAH network of arts and humanities researchers, and with the Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA). Academics working in these domains will be the most fertile exploiters of Europeana cultural content, therefore they have key roles to play in shaping the future of Europeana Research. This analysis will allow the identification of tools that allow researchers to manipulate and exploit cultural heritage materials in innovative ways. The project will therefore develop a suite of tools that allows scholars to interact with the content that they require from Europeana Research. The areas to be approached are: Accessing and Analysing Big Data - permitting scholars to download, manipulate and analyse large data sets. Annotation - allowing researchers to annotate documents and to share these annotations Transcription - allowing users to transcribe and interpret documents Discovery and Access - ensuring that services are tailored so that research material is discoverable by the scholarly community, possibly with integration in other research infrastructures in the field of Digital Humanities.
Europeana vision - Web as Literature 2013
A Europeana VisionAntoine IsaacThe Web as LiteratureBritish Library, June 10, 2013
Europe’s digital cultural networkMuseumsNational AggregatorsRegional AggregatorsArchivesThematic collectionsLibraries26M objects and 2,200 European galleries, museums, archives and libraries
What types of objects does Europeana gives access to?Text Image Video Sound 3D
What Europeana makes availableMetadataLink to digitalobjects online
How to access Europeana objects?Enabling access to content in users’ workflow Europeana.eu portal Project portals and exhibitions Search engines Social media (Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest…) Websites and apps using Europeana data independently
Europeana as infrastructure for re-useAvailable via API Search widgets Semantic mark-up (schema.org) on portal Linked Open Data pilothttp://pro.europeana.eu/apihttp://data.europeana.eu
Functions of the new Europeana Data Model1. Distinguish a cultural object (painting, book) from its digitalrepresentations2. Distinguish the object from its metadata record3. Multiple descriptions for a same object4. Support for objects that are composed of other objects5. Compatible with different levels of descriptionGeneric/interoperable vs. specific/domain-centeredObject-centric and event-centric (CRM)1. Describe other resources (concepts, persons, places…)http://pro.europeana.eu/edm-documentation/
A model for linking metadata• Links between objects within or across Europeana collections• Links to objects from external collections• Links to contextual resources• Resources described in Europeana or elsewhereProviders’ thesauri, gazetteers, vs. Geonames, GEMET, DBpedia• Links created by providers, Europeana, or third parties
Positioning Europeana as a data hubBenefits for providers, users and application developersHigher profile data - meaningful links between resources, not isolatedobjectsAuthority data - a trusted European reference set of cultural objectsUnified access - accessible from one place, using one data modelOpen accessNew Audience - more visibility for objectsNew Tools - contextualized data for innovative, more sophisticated tools
But we need to be more demand-drivenContent sourcingWhich providers & collections to focus on?InteroperabilityWhich metadata profiles should Europeana align with?How and where to publish data?Data quality and curationWhich resources to link to?
Or maybe it would happen in related projects!CENDARI, ResearchSpaceHuNi
Also gatheringAlso gathering contentcontent•A centralized index of full-text resourcesOver 24 million pages of textual content, mostly from OCR•Will be expanded by Europeana NewspapersMore than 18 million pageshttp://www.europeana-newspapers.eu/
Europeana CloudResearchersIn particular for researchers inhumanities and social sciencesContent & Data
•Analyse how scholars work with data and perceive the valueof the content in Europeana•Build a platform extending the portal of The European Library•Propose tools for scholars to interact with the contentdiscover, access and analyze data, annotate, transcribe•Jointly with:• DARIAH - Network of arts and humanities researchers• CESSDA - Council of European Social Science Data ArchivesEuropeana Cloud goals
Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E)Provide content to Europeana with a focus on digitisedmanuscriptsExplore usage scenarios of EDM in a specialised platform forhumanities research with specialised visualisation andreasoningRepresent in EDM the material worked on by researchers aswell as the provenance of the annotations they produce.http://dm2e.eu