Web 2.0 communities for lifelong learning: a case analysis


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presented at AACE E-Learn 2009 Conference in Vancouver, Canada

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  • Thx for sharing the presentation about educational technology...May I know how the informal learning influenced in your country, especially in creative community? Coz today, I still developed and researched a creative learning and collaborative learning to encourage creative talent in Belajar kreatif forum
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  • This is our working ipotesis: we try to bridge the formal way of intending e-learrning, by using Moodle as LMS, and the informal way, by providing our “users” (in a very wider sense) with personal tools, such as blogs, e-portfolio, social networking, file repository and so on We called this integrated system (integrated, since single sign-on is supported and there is a certain grade of communication between the two systems) LTEver, that is a little pun with LTE and “ever”, in the sense of “for ever”: a system beyond and after the course.
  • Web 2.0 communities for lifelong learning: a case analysis

    1. 1. Antonio Fini & Maria Ranieri [email_address] [email_address] Web 2.0 Communities for Lifelong Learning. A Case Analysis AACE E-Learn 2009 – Vancouver (BC)
    2. 2. Background Lifelong Learning Informal learning Web 2.0
    3. 3. Lifelong Learning and e-learning <ul><li>A multi-level structure </li></ul>Calvani, Bonaiuti e Fini, 2008
    4. 4. Group, Network, Collective Dron e Anderson, 2007 Group Conscious Membership Leadership and organization Rules Time limited Network Shared interests Fluid Membership Friend of a friend.. Reputation and altruism Rules and structures are emergent Collective Synergic aggregation Lack of membership Lack of rules Wisdom of crowds
    5. 5. Telling stories… <ul><li>We tell stories about other people and for other people. Stories help us to keep tabs on what is happening in our communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific American, 2008 </li></ul>
    6. 6. The context: LTE <ul><li>Laboratorio di Tecnologie dell’Educazione Educational Technology Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Università di Firenze - Facoltà di Scienze della Formazione, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Educazione, dei processi culturali e Formativi </li></ul><ul><li>Active since 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate courses </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher interested in Ed.Tech. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.scform.unifi.it/lte </li></ul>
    7. 7. LTE as a community <ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborators and res.fellows </li></ul><ul><li>Course participants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Former students ( Alumni ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others.. (colleagues of…, friends of.., ecc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Needs/Intentions/Wishes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in touch! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The course is over.. And now? Please keep in touch …” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share and collaborate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A “personal” (e-portfolio) and “social” environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond the LMS.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage informal learning, beyond and after the “course” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for a professional network </li></ul></ul>LTE Staff Collaborators Students Alumni T eachers Others
    8. 8. Bridging… <ul><li>Our working hypothesis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moodle </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blog, e-portfolio, story-telling, social networking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elgg </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. LTEver: An Elgg based solution Tosh, 2005 <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Php/mySQL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOAF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenID </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main Site: elgg.org </li></ul><ul><li>Similar experiences: </li></ul><ul><li>Athabasca Univ . (Canada) </li></ul><ul><li>Univ. Of Brighton (GB) </li></ul>
    10. 10. LTEver www.lte-unifi.net/elgg Home page Multiuser Blog Tag cloud
    11. 11. Main features of LTEver <ul><li>Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A personal web space for reflection and telling stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregate other personal blogs / any external RSS based system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for podcasting/video/foto sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dashboard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A “showcase” customizable with widget s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Files </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A personal repository of files (also shareable) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including relevant external feeds via RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each word becomes a tag! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends, colleagues, mentors, animators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each uses can create open/closed communities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-openness: each user can invite colleagues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A system-wide feature: </li></ul><ul><li>User Access Control </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Semi-open community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No self-registration – only invitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of the invitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co-optation / Reputation / Trust </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Service offered by a University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implicit reliability and visibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Added Value: professional usefulness , filter operated by trusted people </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of community </li></ul>Special features Why not simply ?
    13. 13. <ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data from Elgg database and logs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Network Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul>Research
    14. 14. Something from stats.. <ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nielsen and the 1-9-90 theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In LTEver (december 2008 ) : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>66% of content created by 10% users; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>59% of active users wrote less than 10 posts/comments; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>26% only one </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The long tail </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Other interesting data <ul><li>Posts from external blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From 41% in 2007 to 62% in 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the “primary place” in the net but a sort of “repeater” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blog posts and comments as c onversations ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… yes… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% with at least one comment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… but only in the short time: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>88% less than 7 days between post and last comment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>66% less than 3 days </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>17% same day </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Users’ voice <ul><li>Why did you join? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why to be active? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pleasure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reasons for inactivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is it a learning environment? (75%: Yes) </li></ul><ul><li>Could be a good support for LLL? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For education field: 70% Yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other fields: 60% Yes </li></ul></ul>From the 2008 survey
    17. 17. Some criticism <ul><ul><li>“… go beyond simple “sharing”; inside communities nothing grows without someone who takes care of nurturing and development...” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“… I don’t know how but we should develop a stronger membership. Sometimes it seems a showcase in which everyone shows off . To be a real community we haven’t yet a common goal …” </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>An experience “in the middle” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between formal and informal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between institutional and personal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between groups, networks, and collectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between social software and LMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between university and job </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Further research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-requisites of participants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key figures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generalizability and transferability to other domains </li></ul></ul>Conclusion
    19. 19. Thank you! <ul><li>Contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Fini </li></ul><ul><li>LTE - Laboratorio di Tecnologie dell’Educazione </li></ul><ul><li>Università di Firenze </li></ul><ul><li>www.scform.unifi.it/lte </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.lte-unifi.net/elgg/anto </li></ul>This work is published under a Creative Commons License
    20. 20. Blog
    21. 21. Dashboard
    22. 22. File repository
    23. 23. RSS resources
    24. 24. Profile
    25. 25. Network