Challenges to the u

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Challenges to the u

  1. 1.  Systematic use of violence tocreate a general climate of fearin a population thereby to bringabout a particular politicalobjective.
  2. 2.  ‘Terrorism’-may be used by authoritiesto delegitimize opponents andlegitimize their own use of armedforce. Terrorist attacks are carried out in sucha way to maximize the psychologicalimpact.
  3. 3.  Terrorists attack national symbols to showtheir power and shake the foundation ofthe country. Terrorist acts are devised to have animpact on large audiences. The effectiveness lies not on the act itselfbut on the public reactions.
  4. 4.  Perspectives on terrorism:- Terrorist: they do not see themselves asevil-’one man’s terrorist is another man’sfreedom fighter’- Victim: considers the terrorist a criminal- General public: unstable- in order tosway the public to their cause terroristsemploy a ‘Robin Hood’ image
  5. 5.  Entered rapidly intoAmerican nationalconsciousness. Greatest effect onpolicymaking, popularthinking aboutterrorism.
  6. 6.  In September 2001, Bush changed thedirection of foreign policy. War on Terror Bush: "Every nation in every region nowhas a decision to make: Either you arewith us or you are with the terrorists.“ Preventive action: nations usepreemptive strikes in warfare when theyknow that an enemy action is eminent
  7. 7.  Invasion in Iraq: Bush told the public thatSaddam Hussein’s regime had nuclearweapons and connected Hussein to Al-Queda. The invasion was to prevent Iraq fromsupplying terrorists with nuclearweapons.
  8. 8.  No concessions with terrorists Bring them to justice for their crimes Isolate and apply pressure on states thatsponsor terrorism Bolster the counterterrorist capabilities ofcountries willing to work with the UnitedStates
  9. 9.  The campaign against global terrorism isthe central aim of U.S.A foreign policy. The United States must take steps toensure that new al-Qaedas do notemerge. Make difficult for potential enemies toacquire weapons.
  10. 10.  To achieve these U.S.A. must:- manage the antiterrorist coalition- enhance control over weapons ofmass destruction- reconstruct Afghanistan- rebuild relations with the Arab andIslamic world

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