Systematic use of violence tocreate a general climate of fearin a population thereby to bringabout a particular politicalobjective.
‘Terrorism’-may be used by authoritiesto delegitimize opponents andlegitimize their own use of armedforce. Terrorist attacks are carried out in sucha way to maximize the psychologicalimpact.
Terrorists attack national symbols to showtheir power and shake the foundation ofthe country. Terrorist acts are devised to have animpact on large audiences. The effectiveness lies not on the act itselfbut on the public reactions.
Perspectives on terrorism:- Terrorist: they do not see themselves asevil-’one man’s terrorist is another man’sfreedom fighter’- Victim: considers the terrorist a criminal- General public: unstable- in order tosway the public to their cause terroristsemploy a ‘Robin Hood’ image
In September 2001, Bush changed thedirection of foreign policy. War on Terror Bush: "Every nation in every region nowhas a decision to make: Either you arewith us or you are with the terrorists.“ Preventive action: nations usepreemptive strikes in warfare when theyknow that an enemy action is eminent
Invasion in Iraq: Bush told the public thatSaddam Hussein’s regime had nuclearweapons and connected Hussein to Al-Queda. The invasion was to prevent Iraq fromsupplying terrorists with nuclearweapons.
No concessions with terrorists Bring them to justice for their crimes Isolate and apply pressure on states thatsponsor terrorism Bolster the counterterrorist capabilities ofcountries willing to work with the UnitedStates
The campaign against global terrorism isthe central aim of U.S.A foreign policy. The United States must take steps toensure that new al-Qaedas do notemerge. Make difficult for potential enemies toacquire weapons.
To achieve these U.S.A. must:- manage the antiterrorist coalition- enhance control over weapons ofmass destruction- reconstruct Afghanistan- rebuild relations with the Arab andIslamic world