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09 13-15 photo and image, what to shoot


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09 13-15 photo and image, what to shoot

  1. 1. Photo and image How and what to shoot
  2. 2. Next projects: Images on social media (Sept. 29) • Images on social media: Shoot a series of photo images that relate to your storyline and post to a professional social media account. • You must post at least 15 images. Select five of them for grading and send the link (Instagram recommended). • Edit them using Adobe Photoshop or social media editing tool. • Provide strong captions that let the viewer know what is happening in the photo. • They will be evaluated on the basis of: story development, technical competency, originality, composition, visual interest, color, lighting.
  3. 3. Next projects: Audio slide story (Oct. 20) 1. Photos: Even 5 pictures make a story. Examples we see will have over 20. I ask you to do at least 7 photos. 2. Time: 1:30 to 2 minutes is the standard. 3. Audio: More than 3 different types audio files. *Examples: narration, interview, music, natural sound, sound track from other media. 4. Titles and captions. 5. Photos should have movements (pan & zoom).
  4. 4. You can do the image assignment as an independent project. Or, you can do the assignment as part of audio slide project.
  5. 5. Photos can tell a story that words cannot Watch how Reuter told a story about the blizzard in 2013. And how one photo claimed the front page of major news papers.
  6. 6. Flood in Venice Italia, what image can you think of? (from
  7. 7. Photos can tell you more about people • This guy took a photo every time he saw someone reading a book on the subway • As part of a project called “last book”, to make a point that reading printed books is a beautiful human behavior that will not be around for long.
  8. 8. Types of camera shots. 1. When shooting still images, look for different camera shots. To build a complete story, or a sequence, you have to capture different aspects of an object. 2. Commonly used shots are – wide shot (WS), medium shot (MS), Close-up (CU), Reaction shot (RS), Point of view (POV). 3. There are other types of shots too. The full range of shot types are introduced by 4. Note that this typology is a convention commonly used in photo, video, film and television industries.
  9. 9. The five shot rule: the most common formula of stitching up different camera shots to construct a story. (Source: Poynter Institute, 5 types of photos that make for strong photo essays) Shot 1. The scene setter • Use Wide shot (WS) or Extreme wide shot (EWS). • Where is your story taking place? • What does it look like? • What is the mood of the place? (Think of audio to go with it)
  10. 10. Shot 2: Connect the character • Use Medium shot (MS) • The spot of your action • The character connects with the setting. • The area of the building or town where your subjects are. • This shot narrows your story’s field of view and should bring you closer in
  11. 11. Shot 3: the portrait • Close up (CU) • Who is your main subject and what does he or she look like? • This can be a traditional head and shoulders shot or a wider shot that shows surroundings. • It’s always best to take a variety of portrait shots.
  12. 12. Shot 4. Capturing detail. • Extreme close up shot (ECU) • Detail shots work especially well for transitions, but can have great storytelling potential all their own. • What are the pictures on someone’s desk? What books are they reading? What’s that post card they have tacked to the wall? • All of these things tell us a little bit about our subject.
  13. 13. Shot 5: capturing action. • Medium close up, Over the shoulder, or point of view shot. • Action shots show your subject doing something — this shot may be your theme. • This is the shot some photographers spend an entire shoot trying to perfect, often amounting to the same shot being taken 30 times. • Photos of your subject in action are essential in your story. • Let’s watch the whole story. It is an NPR project called Health care
  14. 14. Tips for photographers in action (Kobre, Multimedia storytelling, pp. 121-122) • Shoot continuously • Build up an event and capture the closure (Arrive early and remain till the last guest leaves) • Watch for transitions (entering the building…leaving the room) • Frame horizontally (especially for cell phone cameras) • Copy photos to capture history(from albums, refrigerators, or walls) • Compose the image (include some extra spaces on the edges)