Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

CELTA - Unit 2 Learning and Teaching: The Role of The Teacher

8,511 views

Published on

Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults, Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages.

Published in: Education
  • Hello! I can recommend a site that has helped me. It's called ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ They helped me for writing my quality research paper.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Writing good research paper is quite easy and very difficult simultaneously. It depends on the individual skill set also. You can get help from research paper writing. Check out, please ⇒ www.WritePaper.info ⇐
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The last one problem with writing is the most actual) If to speak sinceresly writing is not an easy task especially if you have no certain writing skills. That's why our company HelpWriting.net helps students to write any type of scientific papers!
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

CELTA - Unit 2 Learning and Teaching: The Role of The Teacher

  1. 1. Learning and Teaching – Part 1 The Role of Teacher
  2. 2. A typical classroom?
  3. 3. Task 1 – Teacher roles  Write down a list of roles you think a teacher should play in a classroom (e.g. organiser), and try to come up with typical classroom examples where these roles would be used.  Show this list to the person beside you and compare and discuss.
  4. 4. Teacher roles - Introduction  Teachers have two major roles in the EFL classroom:  to create the conditions under which learning can take place: the social side of teaching;  to impart, by a variety of means, knowledge to their learners: the task-oriented side of teaching. Both roles complement each other and are difficult to separate from each other. (Beltrán, 2001: 5) (Beltrán, 2001: 5)
  5. 5. Harmer 2001, chapter 4 Harmer, J. 2001/1991. The Practice of English Language Teaching. London: Longman  The role of the teacher varies with the nature of the classroom activity at any given moment.  Role can vary from controller to facilitator: Controller Facilitator
  6. 6. Role of Teacher According to Harmer, the teacher can have the following roles.  Controller  Assessor  Organiser  Prompter  Participant  Resource  Tutor  Observer Harmer, J. 2001/1991. The Practice of English Language Teaching. London: Longman.
  7. 7. Role 1: The Controller  Controller of: - what is said and done; when students speak; the language students use etc.  Certain stages of the lesson demand such control. However, not all stages of a language lesson require such control.
  8. 8. Role 2: The Assessor  Checking students’ performance and progress.  Harmer distinguishes between  direct correction (on the spot correction, e.g. pronunciation or grammar), and  organised correction (general feedback on essays etc.)
  9. 9. Role 3: The Organiser  Organising the class, in every sense, is one of the teacher’s central roles.  Success in this role underlies one’s overall success as a teacher.  Examples of organisational aspects of a teacher’s role:  - giving clear instructions;  - organising and setting up activities;  - managing seating etc.
  10. 10. Role 4: The Prompter  When encouragement is needed for the students, it is the teacher’s responsibility to provide it.  However, too much can be aggressive or can cause over reliance on the teacher.
  11. 11. Role 5: The Participant  Sometimes the teacher may need to participate in class activities.  Care must be taken not to be over-dominant.
  12. 12. Role 6: The Resource  For language students, the teacher is a ‘walking resource’ on language. Very often, the teacher is called on to explain a new word or grammar point or give a translation.  By allowing the students to get on with an activity, the teacher is free to move around and be available to anyone who needs consultation.
  13. 13. Role 7: The Tutor  This is similar to role 6, but on a broader level.  For example, when doing a project students may need some specific advice and guidance.
  14. 14. Role 8: The Observer  Even when we are in other roles, we need to be observing what is going on in the classroom at the same time  Be alert at all times to the effects of our actions and student interactions  Through constantly observing and questioning our procedures and looking out for what leads to successful learning (and what does not), we can develop as teachers.
  15. 15. The teacher as Performer “sage on the stage”  Teachers may also ‘perform’ to different levels at different times in the classroom  The teacher can therefore assume a role and act out that role.  TASK  How do you think the teacher should ‘perform’ during the following tasks? Choose adverbs:  1. Team game  2. Role-play  3. Teacher reading aloud  4. Whole-class listening
  16. 16. Edge (1993: 11-13) Edge, J. 1993. Essentials of English Language Teaching. London: Longman The challenge is to go on developing into the teacher you most want to be. Edge lists the following most important things a teacher must be responsible for. Put these areas of responsibility in order of what you feel are the most important as an ELT teacher. organisation modelling security guidance motivation information instruction feedback encouragement evaluation
  17. 17. Why is it important to study the teacher-student role relationship?  This relationship is at the heart of the classroom process (see Wright 1987).  The role is influenced by many factors, for example: •The institution •The learning task •The motivation of the students and teacher •The physical setting (room, furniture etc.)
  18. 18. Scrivener 1994: Jug and mug
  19. 19. A typical EFL Classroom Scrivener (1994)
  20. 20. ‘An understanding and awareness of the intricacies of the social and psychological processes of the classroom is central to effective teacher development’ Wright, T. 1987. Roles of the Teacher and Learners. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (p.84) • Approachable • Friendly • Flexible • Fair but firm • Well-prepared • Inclusive i,e sensitive to individual needs • Respectful • Encouraging • Motivating • Resourceful • Explain and offer rationale
  21. 21. Teaching -V- Learning  Teaching = Learning?  How do people learn?  Learning styles – do you know yours?  Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences (1983)  http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intellig ences.php  Check out your own learning style on:  http://www.learning-styles- online.com/inventory/#Online
  22. 22. Recommended reading  Harmer, J. 2001. The Practice of English Language Teaching. (Chapter 4)  Edge, J. 1993. Essentials of English Language Teaching. London: Longman. (pp. 11-14)  Scrivener, J. (1994). Learning Teaching. Oxford: Heinemann (Chapter 1)  Wright, T. 1987. Roles of the Teacher and Learners. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (pp. 50-71)  Beltrán, Elina Vilar. 2001. Roles of teachers A case study based on :Diary of a language teacher (J. Appel, 1995). Jornades de Foment de Investigació: http://www.uji.es/bin/publ/edicions/jfi6/teachers.pdf

×