Revolutionizing Healthcare Through Clinical Informatics
Revolutionizing HealthcareThrough Clinical Informatics Anthony O. Oloni, MD, MPH, CPHI SME, Healthcare & Clinical Informatics
Introduction & OverviewInformation systems have revolutionizedhealthcare and healthcare outcomes inthe later part of the 21st century! X-ray technology was invented completely by accident in 1895, a German physicist named Wilhelm Roentgen.
Overview of Health Informatics Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a process that uses magnets to noninvasively scan the body. Computerized Axial Tomography is a process that takes the idea of the conventional X-ray imaging by forming a full three-dimensional computer model of a patients insides. Ultrasound Technology is a medical imaging technique that uses high frequency sound waves and their echoes to produce images of the human body!
Smart Electronic Health Records An electronic health record (EHR) is more than just a computerized version of your paper chart. It’s a digital record of your health information that can provide your health care team with comprehensive health information about you. Over time, it can allow your providers to share important information, across different health care settings, while maintaining EHR patient confidentiality in accordance with federal and state privacy and security requirements.
Clinical Decision Support Clinical decision support (CDS) systems provide clinicians, staff, patients, and other individuals with knowledge and person-specific information, intelligently filtered and presented at appropriate times, to enhance health and health care. Examples of CDSS ICU Respiratory Alarms ICU Cardiovascular Alarms Medication Allergies Medication Interactions Medication Doses
Computer Assisted CodingComputer assisted coding is a cutting edge practice thatautomatically derives medical codes within clinicaldocumentation.Improved AccuracyImproved ConsistencyImproved Productivity and charting efficiencyImproved Traceability
E-Prescribing With electronic prescribing, or e-prescribing, your doctor enters information about drugs you may need into a computer. This electronic prescription is sent over a secure network to the pharmacy you choose. The pharmacy receives the prescription and can begin filling it right away.
Clinical Provider Order EntryComputerized physician/provider order entry is definedas the computer system that allows direct entry ofmedical orders by the person with the licensure andprivileges to do so.Advantages:Has the benefit of reducing errors by minimizing theambiguity of hand-written ordersSaves time, is more efficientElectronically stores clinical orders
Interoperability Interoperability is the ability of diverse systems and organizations to work together (inter-operate). Interoperability standards Content Standards – SNOMED-CT Messaging Standards – HL7
References: How CAT Scans Work | How CAT Scans Work by Tom Harris, retrieved on June 16, 2012 from http://science.howstuffworks.com/cat-scan.htm How X-rays Work | How X-rays Work by Tom Harris, retrieved on June 16, 2012 from http://science.howstuffworks.com/cat-scan.htm How Ultrasound Works by Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. on June 16, 2012 from http://science.howstuffworks.com/ultrasound.htm What is an Electronic Health Record | Healthit.gov | Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from http://www.healthit.gov/patients-families/faqs/what-electronic-health-record-ehr Clinical Decision Support Systems, State of the Art by Eta S. Berner, Ed.D. | Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from http://healthit.ahrq.gov/images/jun09cdsreview/09_0069_ef.html What is electronic prescribing? | HealthIT.gov | Retrieved on June 20 from http://www.healthit.gov/patients-families/faqs/what-electronic-prescribing Clinical Provider Order Entry by Joan Ash PhD, Retrieved on June 20, 2012 from http://www.ohsu.edu/academic/dmice/research/cpoe/index.php