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Introduction to Health Informatics


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Introduction to Health Informatics

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Introduction to Health Informatics

  1. 1. Introduction and Overview Certified Electronic Health Record Specialists Course Module Introduction Anthony O. Oloni, MD, MPH, CPHI
  2. 2. Course Overview • 15 weeks of course instruction • 10 weeks o Reading Material o Module Live Lecture – Monday or Tuesday @ 8:30PM EST US o Discussion Post - Wednesday o Assignments Due Day – Friday o Quiz is due! • 4 Weeks of EMR Practicum
  3. 3. Introduction What is health Informatics? According to Wikipedia, Health informatics (also called healthcare informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, clinical informatics, or biomedical informatics) is a discipline at the intersection of information science, computer science, and health care. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine.
  4. 4. Health Information Network • Health Information Network in the US o o o o Nationwide Health Information Network Regional Health Information Network Health Information Exchange Local Healthcare Networks
  5. 5. Federal Infrastructure Nationwide Health Information Organization (NwHIN) The Nationwide Health Information Network (formerly NHIN, now NwHIN) is an initiative for the exchange of healthcare information being developed under the auspices of the U.S. Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC).
  6. 6. Regional Infrastructure A Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO) According to Wikipedia, the RHIO is a multistakeholder organization that enables the integration and networking of healthcare institutions, usually within a geographic area such as the state. Health information is exchanged among stakeholders of that region's revamped healthcare system.
  7. 7. Electronic Health Exchange  A Health information exchange (HIE) is the transmission of healthcare-related data among facilities, health information organizations (HIO) and government agencies according to national and international standards.  HIE is an integral component of the health information technology (HIT) infrastructure under development in the United States and the associated National Health Information Network (NHIN). It also refers to the underlying health information architecture for a healthcare network!
  8. 8. Electronic Health Record The Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a longitudinal electronic record of patient health information generated by one or more encounters in any care delivery setting. Included in this information are patient demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data and radiology reports.
  9. 9. Electronic Medical Record  An electronic medical record (EMR) is a computerized medical record created in an organization that delivers care, such as a hospital or ambulatory healthcare center.  Electronic medical records tend to be a part of a local stand-alone health information system that allows storage, retrieval and modification of records, although, the web based or ASP model EMR is more the rule than the exception these days.
  10. 10. Differences between EMR/EHR • One of the major differences between EHR and EMR is with regard to how the data stored electronically is used and shared. • While EMR relates to the confines of a healthcare organization , practitioner or a single health office, the EHR relates to the sharing of documents across different providers.
  11. 11. What is a PHR?  A “Personal Health Record” is a tool that patients can use to track, maintain and share part or all the information regarding their health.  The PHR can save patients money and avoid the inconvenience of repeating routine medical tests especially when routine procedures do need to be repeated, your PHR can give healthcare providers more insight into your personal health story or aid in emergency treatments.
  12. 12. References • Website – Wikipedia: • Health Information Exchange | Search HealthIT | health information exchange (HIE) • Difference Between EHR and EMR | Difference Between | EHR vs EMR