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5 - indian ocean trade and ideas ppt

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Trade Routes:Trade Routes:
Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans-Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans-
SaharanSaharan
►USE THE SHEET:USE THE SHEET:
http://tinyurl.com/hjk3zfjhttp://tinyurl.com/hjk3zfj
Trade Routes:Trade Routes:
Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans-Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans-
SaharanSaharan
The spread of economic activity,The spread of economic activity,
religion, and disease through tradereligion, and disease through trade
Use with 5 – Social Studies – Indian Ocean Trade & Ideas Cloze Notes
http://tinyurl.com/hjk3zfj
Impact of TradeImpact of Trade
►Brought wealth and access to foreignBrought wealth and access to foreign
products and enabled people to concentrateproducts and enabled people to concentrate
their efforts ontheir efforts on economiceconomic activitiesactivities bestbest
suited to their regionssuited to their regions
►Facilitated the spread ofFacilitated the spread of religiousreligious
traditionstraditions beyond their original homelandsbeyond their original homelands
►Facilitated the transmission ofFacilitated the transmission of diseasedisease
5  - indian ocean trade and ideas ppt
Where did it go?Where did it go?
► Linked China and the Holy Roman EmpireLinked China and the Holy Roman Empire
 The two extreme ends of EurasiaThe two extreme ends of Eurasia
► Started in the Han capital of Chang’an and went west to theStarted in the Han capital of Chang’an and went west to the
Taklamakan DesertTaklamakan Desert
 There the road split into two main branches that skirted the desertThere the road split into two main branches that skirted the desert
to the north and southto the north and south
► In northern Iran, the route joined with roads to ports on theIn northern Iran, the route joined with roads to ports on the
Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf and proceeded toCaspian Sea and the Persian Gulf and proceeded to
Palmyra (modern Syria)Palmyra (modern Syria)
 There it met roads coming from Arabia and ports on the Red SeaThere it met roads coming from Arabia and ports on the Red Sea
► The Silk Roads also provided access at ports likeThe Silk Roads also provided access at ports like
Guangzhou in southern China that led to maritime routes toGuangzhou in southern China that led to maritime routes to
India and Ceylon (modern-day Sri Lanka)India and Ceylon (modern-day Sri Lanka)
Organization of Long-distance TradeOrganization of Long-distance Trade
► Individual merchants usually did not travel fromIndividual merchants usually did not travel from
one end of Eurasia to the otherone end of Eurasia to the other
► Instead they handled long-distance trade in stagesInstead they handled long-distance trade in stages

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5 - indian ocean trade and ideas ppt

  • 1. Trade Routes:Trade Routes: Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans-Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans- SaharanSaharan ►USE THE SHEET:USE THE SHEET: http://tinyurl.com/hjk3zfjhttp://tinyurl.com/hjk3zfj
  • 2. Trade Routes:Trade Routes: Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans-Silk Road, Indian Ocean, Trans- SaharanSaharan The spread of economic activity,The spread of economic activity, religion, and disease through tradereligion, and disease through trade Use with 5 – Social Studies – Indian Ocean Trade & Ideas Cloze Notes http://tinyurl.com/hjk3zfj
  • 3. Impact of TradeImpact of Trade ►Brought wealth and access to foreignBrought wealth and access to foreign products and enabled people to concentrateproducts and enabled people to concentrate their efforts ontheir efforts on economiceconomic activitiesactivities bestbest suited to their regionssuited to their regions ►Facilitated the spread ofFacilitated the spread of religiousreligious traditionstraditions beyond their original homelandsbeyond their original homelands ►Facilitated the transmission ofFacilitated the transmission of diseasedisease
  • 5. Where did it go?Where did it go? ► Linked China and the Holy Roman EmpireLinked China and the Holy Roman Empire  The two extreme ends of EurasiaThe two extreme ends of Eurasia ► Started in the Han capital of Chang’an and went west to theStarted in the Han capital of Chang’an and went west to the Taklamakan DesertTaklamakan Desert  There the road split into two main branches that skirted the desertThere the road split into two main branches that skirted the desert to the north and southto the north and south ► In northern Iran, the route joined with roads to ports on theIn northern Iran, the route joined with roads to ports on the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf and proceeded toCaspian Sea and the Persian Gulf and proceeded to Palmyra (modern Syria)Palmyra (modern Syria)  There it met roads coming from Arabia and ports on the Red SeaThere it met roads coming from Arabia and ports on the Red Sea ► The Silk Roads also provided access at ports likeThe Silk Roads also provided access at ports like Guangzhou in southern China that led to maritime routes toGuangzhou in southern China that led to maritime routes to India and Ceylon (modern-day Sri Lanka)India and Ceylon (modern-day Sri Lanka)
  • 6. Organization of Long-distance TradeOrganization of Long-distance Trade ► Individual merchants usually did not travel fromIndividual merchants usually did not travel from one end of Eurasia to the otherone end of Eurasia to the other ► Instead they handled long-distance trade in stagesInstead they handled long-distance trade in stages
  • 7. Silk Road Trade to the WestSilk Road Trade to the West ► Silk and spices traveled west fromSilk and spices traveled west from southeast Asia, China, and Indiasoutheast Asia, China, and India  China was the only country inChina was the only country in classical times where cultivatorsclassical times where cultivators and weavers had developedand weavers had developed techniques for producing high-techniques for producing high- quality silk fabricsquality silk fabrics  Spices served not just to seasonSpices served not just to season food but also as drugs,food but also as drugs, anesthetics, perfumes, aromatics,anesthetics, perfumes, aromatics, and magical potionsand magical potions Chinese silk making
  • 8. Silk Road Trade to the EastSilk Road Trade to the East ► Central Asia produced large, strong horses andCentral Asia produced large, strong horses and jade that was highly prized by Chinese stonejade that was highly prized by Chinese stone carverscarvers ► The Roman empire traded glassware, jewelry,The Roman empire traded glassware, jewelry, works of art, decorative items, perfumes, bronzeworks of art, decorative items, perfumes, bronze goods, wool and linen textiles, pottery, iron tools,goods, wool and linen textiles, pottery, iron tools, olive oil, wine, and gold and silver bullionolive oil, wine, and gold and silver bullion
  • 9. Spread of Religion: Buddhism andSpread of Religion: Buddhism and HinduismHinduism ► Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) firstSiddhartha Gautama (Buddha) first announced his doctrine publicly inannounced his doctrine publicly in India in 528 B.C.India in 528 B.C.  By the 3By the 3rdrd Century B.C., Buddhism wasCentury B.C., Buddhism was well-established in northern Indiawell-established in northern India ► Buddhism was especially successfulBuddhism was especially successful in attracting merchants as convertsin attracting merchants as converts  Merchants carried Buddhism along theMerchants carried Buddhism along the Silk Roads where it first established aSilk Roads where it first established a presence in the oasis towns wherepresence in the oasis towns where merchants and their caravans stoppedmerchants and their caravans stopped for food, rest, lodging, and marketsfor food, rest, lodging, and markets ► Hinduism also spread along the SilkHinduism also spread along the Silk Roads, primarily along the sea lanesRoads, primarily along the sea lanes
  • 10. Spread of Religion: ChristianitySpread of Religion: Christianity ► Antioch, the westernAntioch, the western terminus of the overland Silkterminus of the overland Silk Roads, was an importantRoads, was an important center in early Christianitycenter in early Christianity ► Like other religions,Like other religions, Christianity followed theChristianity followed the trade routes and expandedtrade routes and expanded east throughouteast throughout Mesopotamia, Iran, and asMesopotamia, Iran, and as far away as Indiafar away as India ► However, its greatestHowever, its greatest concentration was in theconcentration was in the Mediterranean basin, whereMediterranean basin, where the Roman Roads, like thethe Roman Roads, like the Silk Roads, provided readySilk Roads, provided ready transportationtransportation
  • 11. Disease: Bubonic PlagueDisease: Bubonic Plague ► During the 1330s plague erupted in southwesternDuring the 1330s plague erupted in southwestern ChinaChina ► During the 1340s, Mongols, merchants, and otherDuring the 1340s, Mongols, merchants, and other travelers helped to spread the disease along tradetravelers helped to spread the disease along trade routes to points west of Chinaroutes to points west of China ► By 1346 it had reached the Black Sea ports ofBy 1346 it had reached the Black Sea ports of Caffa and TanaCaffa and Tana
  • 13. Bubonic Plague in EuropeBubonic Plague in Europe ► In 1347 ItalianIn 1347 Italian merchants fled themerchants fled the plague-infected Blackplague-infected Black Sea ports andSea ports and unwittingly spread theunwittingly spread the disease to thedisease to the Mediterranean BasinMediterranean Basin ► By 1348, followingBy 1348, following trade routes, plaguetrade routes, plague had sparked epidemicshad sparked epidemics in most of westernin most of western EuropeEurope Illustration of bubonic plagueIllustration of bubonic plague in the Toggenburg Biblein the Toggenburg Bible (1411)(1411)
  • 14. End of Silk RoadEnd of Silk Road ► The spread of the bubonic plague and the collapse of the Mongol Empire ► Muslim mariners began avoiding the overland route ► Europeans wanted access to those Asian goods without having to go through the Muslim middlemen ► They began seeking maritime trade routes directly to Asia which would largely displace the Silk Roads ► European Explorations
  • 15. Indian Ocean TradeIndian Ocean Trade ► ““Zone of interaction”Zone of interaction” ► First ocean to beFirst ocean to be crossedcrossed ► ““Sailor's ocean”Sailor's ocean”  Warm waterWarm water  Fairly placid watersFairly placid waters  Wind patterns: oneWind patterns: one way = north ofway = north of equator, the other =equator, the other = south of the equatorsouth of the equator ► Lateen Sail allowedLateen Sail allowed sailors to sail acrosssailors to sail across the Indian ocean,the Indian ocean, could sail into windcould sail into wind
  • 16. Trade GoodsTrade Goods ► Teak from IndiaTeak from India ► Mangrove swamps in East AfricaMangrove swamps in East Africa ► Arabian horses to IndiaArabian horses to India ► Spices from Southeast Asia &Spices from Southeast Asia & Spice IslandsSpice Islands ► Frankincense from Arabia andFrankincense from Arabia and AfricaAfrica ► Slave trades & labor migrationsSlave trades & labor migrations  Slaves from East Africa toSlaves from East Africa to Arabia/IndiaArabia/India  From Southeast Asia to SouthernFrom Southeast Asia to Southern AfricaAfrica
  • 17. Spread of IdeasSpread of Ideas ►ReligionReligion  Indian merchants brought Brahmin priestsIndian merchants brought Brahmin priests  Muslim scholars brought by Arab merchantsMuslim scholars brought by Arab merchants  Christian merchants brought priestsChristian merchants brought priests ►Trading LanguageTrading Language  Swahili: mix of Arabic, Indian, and BantuSwahili: mix of Arabic, Indian, and Bantu (African)(African)