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BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) IN ARCHITECTURE
THEORIES OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM (ARC61303/ARC2224)
SYNOPSIS: REACTION PAPER (MARCH 2015) [5 MARKS]
NAME: CHEW UNG HENG ID: 0315397
LECTURER: LAM SHEN FEI TUTORIAL TIME: 4PM
SYNOPSIS NO: 1 READER TITLE: The Death and Cities of Great American Cities
AUTHOR: JANE JACOBS
The main point of the author is to address the issues out of the closed world and introduce the new
principle on current city planning and rebuilding that applied in actual planning and urban design.
From the peculiar nature of city, the first issue pointed out by the author is the safety of users in
utilizing the sidewalks. As she mentioned that a city equipped to handle strangers so in order to
make a safety resource in city, the author recommended three main qualities, which there must be a
clear division between the public and private space. Second, there must be eyes upon the streets to
insecure the safety of both residents and strangers. Third, the sidewalk must have users on it fairly
continuously. Besides, the next issue is the contact of the sidewalk. The sidewalk contacts are the
little change from which a city wealth of public may develop so it only arises when the concrete,
tangible facilities it required is exhibited in cultivating sidewalk security. At the point, the following
issue will be the uses of city neighborhoods. The absence of either financial or social self-
containment is still necessary to city neighborhoods for being a part of city but they do need to
supply some means for civilized self-government. This is the problem. So the author recommended
three kind of neighborhoods are useful: (1) the city as whole; (2) street neighborhoods; and (3)
districts of large and subcity size in the instances of largest city.
The author also introduces the ways to enhance the condition for city diversity with mix of uses as
the fundamental phenomena. First, the district must serve more than one essential function to
insecure the presence of people. Second, the blocks must be short; that is, streets and opportunity to
turn comers must be regular. Third, the district must consist of buildings that vary in age and
condition. Fourth, the district must have sufficiently dense concentration of people. So we are dealing
with life at its most complex and it has basic esthetic limitation that can be done with cities.
In conclusion, cities happen to be problems in organized complexity that related to one another but
does not mean they are the same problems, like life science. To understand cities, we need to think
about processes, work inductively and seek for ‘unaverage’ clues involving very small quantities.
WORD COUNT: 393 DATE: 11-4-2016 MARK: GRADE:
ASSSESSED BY:

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Synopsis 1

  • 1. BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) IN ARCHITECTURE THEORIES OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM (ARC61303/ARC2224) SYNOPSIS: REACTION PAPER (MARCH 2015) [5 MARKS] NAME: CHEW UNG HENG ID: 0315397 LECTURER: LAM SHEN FEI TUTORIAL TIME: 4PM SYNOPSIS NO: 1 READER TITLE: The Death and Cities of Great American Cities AUTHOR: JANE JACOBS The main point of the author is to address the issues out of the closed world and introduce the new principle on current city planning and rebuilding that applied in actual planning and urban design. From the peculiar nature of city, the first issue pointed out by the author is the safety of users in utilizing the sidewalks. As she mentioned that a city equipped to handle strangers so in order to make a safety resource in city, the author recommended three main qualities, which there must be a clear division between the public and private space. Second, there must be eyes upon the streets to insecure the safety of both residents and strangers. Third, the sidewalk must have users on it fairly continuously. Besides, the next issue is the contact of the sidewalk. The sidewalk contacts are the little change from which a city wealth of public may develop so it only arises when the concrete, tangible facilities it required is exhibited in cultivating sidewalk security. At the point, the following issue will be the uses of city neighborhoods. The absence of either financial or social self- containment is still necessary to city neighborhoods for being a part of city but they do need to supply some means for civilized self-government. This is the problem. So the author recommended three kind of neighborhoods are useful: (1) the city as whole; (2) street neighborhoods; and (3) districts of large and subcity size in the instances of largest city. The author also introduces the ways to enhance the condition for city diversity with mix of uses as the fundamental phenomena. First, the district must serve more than one essential function to insecure the presence of people. Second, the blocks must be short; that is, streets and opportunity to turn comers must be regular. Third, the district must consist of buildings that vary in age and condition. Fourth, the district must have sufficiently dense concentration of people. So we are dealing with life at its most complex and it has basic esthetic limitation that can be done with cities. In conclusion, cities happen to be problems in organized complexity that related to one another but does not mean they are the same problems, like life science. To understand cities, we need to think about processes, work inductively and seek for ‘unaverage’ clues involving very small quantities. WORD COUNT: 393 DATE: 11-4-2016 MARK: GRADE: ASSSESSED BY: