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POLICY SUPPORT IN
   POLICY SUPPORT IN
      MEDIA AND
       MEDIA AND
   ENTERTAINMENT
    ENTERTAINMENT
     FOR MAKING IT
     FOR MAKING IT
       GLOBALLY
       GLOBALLY
     COMPETITIVE-
     COMPETITIVE-
  SOME PERSPECTIVES
  SOME PERSPECTIVES




      A PRESENTATION
              BY
       PAVAN DUGGAL,
    CHAIRMAN, ASSOCHAM
   CYBERLAW COMMITTEE,
ADVOCATE, SUPREME COURT OF
            INDIA,
    HEAD , PAVAN DUGGAL
         ASSOCIATES
            19-12-07




                             1
MEDIA &
  ENTERTAINMENT
 TODAY,     MEDIA     AND
ENTERTAINMENT ARE LARGELY
DIGITAL
 USE OF THE ELECTRONIC
FORMAT,         COMPUTERS,
COMPUTER    SYSTEMS   AND
COMPUTER NETWORKS




   POLICY SUPPORT
 INDIA HAS ALREADY PROVIDED
LEGAL    BASIS    FOR   THE
ELECTRONIC FORMAT
 THE            INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000




                              2
THE IT ACT, 2000 –
     OBJECTIVES (contd)
AIMS TO PROVIDE FOR THE LEGAL
FRAMEWORK    SO   THAT  LEGAL
SANCTITY IS ACCORDED TO ALL
ELECTRONIC RECORDS AND OTHER
ACTIVITIES  CARRIED   OUT  BY
ELECTRONIC MEANS.




        ELECTRONIC
        GOVERNANCE

Legal requirements of any information
or any other matter being in writing or in
the typewritten or printed form, shall be
deemed to have been satisfied if such
information or matter is—




                                             3
ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE
        (contd.)

(a) rendered or made available in an
    electronic form; and
(b) accessible so as to be usable for a
    subsequent reference.




      AUTHENTICATION OF
      ELECTRONIC RECORDS

  Any subscriber may authenticate an
  electronic record
  Authentication by affixing his digital
  signature.
  Any person by the use of a public key of
  the subscriber can verify the electronic
  record.




                                             4
LIABILITY OF NSPs

  LAW    HAS    PROVIDED  THE
  CONCEPT OF NETWORK SERVICE
  PRODUCER
  ALMOST     ALL   MEDIA  AND
  ENTERTAINMENT PLAYERS ARE
  NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDERS,
  IF   THEY    PROVIDE   THEIR
  SERVICES ON THE ELECTRONIC
  NETWORKS




    Section 79, IT ACT, 2000
For the removal of doubts, it is hereby
declared that no person providing any
service as a network service provider shall be
liable under this Act, rules or regulations
made thereunder for any third party
information or data made available by him if
he proves that the offence or contravention
was committed without his knowledge or
that he had exercised all due diligence to
prevent the commission of such offence or
contravention.




                                                 5
Network Service Providers:
       When Not Liable
 Explanation.—For the purposes of this
 section, —
(a) quot;network service providerquot; means an
 intermediary;
(b) quot;third party informationquot; means any
 information dealt with by a network service
 provider in his capacity as an intermediary.




  BROADCASTING BILL
 AN ATTEMPT TO REGULATE
CERTAIN ASPECTS OF CARRIAGE
AND        CONTENT       OF
BROADCASTING
 AIMS TO PROVIDE STRONG
CENTRALIZED REGULATION OF
CABLE & BROADCASTING




                                                6
NEW LICENSING
 NO BROADACSTING SERVICE
WOULD BE POSSIBLE WITHOUT
OBTAINING A LICENCE IN THIS
REGARD.
 LICENCE TO BE OBTAINED
FROM A STATUTORY BODY




          BRAI
 SECTION 4- EVERY SERVICE
PROVIDER TO REGISTER HIS TV
OR RADIO CHANNEL WITH THE
BROADCASTING     REGULATORY
AUTHORITY OF INDIA( BRAI)
 BRAI- CONTENT CENSOR




                              7
CONTENT CODE
 CONTENT THAT IS OBSCENE OR
VULGAR
 OF        A      TERRORIST
ORGANIZATION
 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
 OF A FOREIGN CHANNEL




MANDATORY SHARING
 OF CERTAIN BROADCAST SIGNALS
WITH   THE    PUBLIC   SERVCE
BROADCASTERS




                                8
ADVERTISING
       COVERED
 ALL ELECTRONIC AND DIGITAL
ADVERTISING COVERED WITHIN THE
AMBIT OF THE DEFINITION OF
“CONTENT” UNDER SECTION 2
 BROADCAST BILL TO COVER THE
CONTENT OF ADVERTISEMENTS.




       GRAY AREAS
 LIMITED APPLICABILITY
 SEEKS TO ADDRESS CABLE &
BROADCASTING ISSUES
 PIECEMEAL      LEGISLATION-
HARDLY ABLE TO WITHSTAND
THE TEST OF TIME, GIVEN ITS
INABILITY  TO    DEAL  WITH
DIGITAL BROADCASTING




                                 9
GRAY AREAS
 NEED     FOR   A   FUTURISTIC
APPROACH
 NEED TO RATIONALIZE THE
PROPOSED     BILL   WIH   THE
INFORMATION       TECHNOLOGY
ACT, 2000




 IT ACT, 2000 & B’CAST
         BILL
 DUTIES,      RIGHTS     AND
RESPONSIBILITIES   OF    THE
BROADCASTING          SERVICE
PROVIDERS    AND     CONTENT
BROADCASTING          SERVICE
PROVIDERS




                                 10
IT ACT, 2000 & B’CAST
      BILL(contd)
 OVERLAP WITH THE CONCEPT
OF   A    NETWORK    SERVICE
PROVIDER UNDER INFORMATION
TECHNOLOGY      ACT,    2000-
CONFLICTS INHERENT




      WHICH LAW IS
      OVERRIDING?
  SECTION 81 OF THE IT ACT, 2000
  SECTION 44 OF THE B’CAST BILL,
2006




                                   11
ISSUES OF
         CONVERGED
          B’CASTING
 ISSUES OF BROADCASTING IN
THE CONVERGED ENVIRONMENT
NOT AT ALL COVERED
 MOBILE TV + IP TV NOT
COVERED BY THE PROPOSED BILL




 DRACONIAN POWERS
  Draconian powers granted to the
Central Government to takeover the
running and management of any
channel, in the times of any national
emergency
  No transparent basis or parameters
spelt out , which need to be complied
with, before the exercise of such a power




                                            12
DRACONIAN POWERS
  Potentiality of abuse immense
  A exploitative tool for the settling of
political scores against not – so-
comfortable news and other channels
  Against the root of Indian democracy
and the principles enshrined in the
Constitution of India




      STAKEHOLDERS
          INPUTS
 NEED TO INCORPORATE ALL
THE INPUTS OF ALL RELEVANT
STAKEHOLDERS
 WE NEED TO SHAPE THE FUTUE
TOMORROW




                                            13
THAT WAS A PRESENTATION
             -BY
      PAVAN DUGGAL,
ADVOCATE, SUPREME COURT OF
           INDIA
        PRESIDENT,
      CYBERLAWS.NET
    MEMBER, MAC, ICANN

    pduggal@nde.vsnl.net.in
   pavanduggal@hotmail.com




                              14

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POLICY SUPPORT IN MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT FOR MAKING IT GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE-SOME PERSPECTIVES

  • 1. POLICY SUPPORT IN POLICY SUPPORT IN MEDIA AND MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT ENTERTAINMENT FOR MAKING IT FOR MAKING IT GLOBALLY GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE- COMPETITIVE- SOME PERSPECTIVES SOME PERSPECTIVES A PRESENTATION BY PAVAN DUGGAL, CHAIRMAN, ASSOCHAM CYBERLAW COMMITTEE, ADVOCATE, SUPREME COURT OF INDIA, HEAD , PAVAN DUGGAL ASSOCIATES 19-12-07 1
  • 2. MEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT TODAY, MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT ARE LARGELY DIGITAL USE OF THE ELECTRONIC FORMAT, COMPUTERS, COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER NETWORKS POLICY SUPPORT INDIA HAS ALREADY PROVIDED LEGAL BASIS FOR THE ELECTRONIC FORMAT THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000 2
  • 3. THE IT ACT, 2000 – OBJECTIVES (contd) AIMS TO PROVIDE FOR THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK SO THAT LEGAL SANCTITY IS ACCORDED TO ALL ELECTRONIC RECORDS AND OTHER ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY ELECTRONIC MEANS. ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE Legal requirements of any information or any other matter being in writing or in the typewritten or printed form, shall be deemed to have been satisfied if such information or matter is— 3
  • 4. ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE (contd.) (a) rendered or made available in an electronic form; and (b) accessible so as to be usable for a subsequent reference. AUTHENTICATION OF ELECTRONIC RECORDS Any subscriber may authenticate an electronic record Authentication by affixing his digital signature. Any person by the use of a public key of the subscriber can verify the electronic record. 4
  • 5. LIABILITY OF NSPs LAW HAS PROVIDED THE CONCEPT OF NETWORK SERVICE PRODUCER ALMOST ALL MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT PLAYERS ARE NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDERS, IF THEY PROVIDE THEIR SERVICES ON THE ELECTRONIC NETWORKS Section 79, IT ACT, 2000 For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that no person providing any service as a network service provider shall be liable under this Act, rules or regulations made thereunder for any third party information or data made available by him if he proves that the offence or contravention was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence or contravention. 5
  • 6. Network Service Providers: When Not Liable Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, — (a) quot;network service providerquot; means an intermediary; (b) quot;third party informationquot; means any information dealt with by a network service provider in his capacity as an intermediary. BROADCASTING BILL AN ATTEMPT TO REGULATE CERTAIN ASPECTS OF CARRIAGE AND CONTENT OF BROADCASTING AIMS TO PROVIDE STRONG CENTRALIZED REGULATION OF CABLE & BROADCASTING 6
  • 7. NEW LICENSING NO BROADACSTING SERVICE WOULD BE POSSIBLE WITHOUT OBTAINING A LICENCE IN THIS REGARD. LICENCE TO BE OBTAINED FROM A STATUTORY BODY BRAI SECTION 4- EVERY SERVICE PROVIDER TO REGISTER HIS TV OR RADIO CHANNEL WITH THE BROADCASTING REGULATORY AUTHORITY OF INDIA( BRAI) BRAI- CONTENT CENSOR 7
  • 8. CONTENT CODE CONTENT THAT IS OBSCENE OR VULGAR OF A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION COPYRIGHT PROTECTED OF A FOREIGN CHANNEL MANDATORY SHARING OF CERTAIN BROADCAST SIGNALS WITH THE PUBLIC SERVCE BROADCASTERS 8
  • 9. ADVERTISING COVERED ALL ELECTRONIC AND DIGITAL ADVERTISING COVERED WITHIN THE AMBIT OF THE DEFINITION OF “CONTENT” UNDER SECTION 2 BROADCAST BILL TO COVER THE CONTENT OF ADVERTISEMENTS. GRAY AREAS LIMITED APPLICABILITY SEEKS TO ADDRESS CABLE & BROADCASTING ISSUES PIECEMEAL LEGISLATION- HARDLY ABLE TO WITHSTAND THE TEST OF TIME, GIVEN ITS INABILITY TO DEAL WITH DIGITAL BROADCASTING 9
  • 10. GRAY AREAS NEED FOR A FUTURISTIC APPROACH NEED TO RATIONALIZE THE PROPOSED BILL WIH THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000 IT ACT, 2000 & B’CAST BILL DUTIES, RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE BROADCASTING SERVICE PROVIDERS AND CONTENT BROADCASTING SERVICE PROVIDERS 10
  • 11. IT ACT, 2000 & B’CAST BILL(contd) OVERLAP WITH THE CONCEPT OF A NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDER UNDER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000- CONFLICTS INHERENT WHICH LAW IS OVERRIDING? SECTION 81 OF THE IT ACT, 2000 SECTION 44 OF THE B’CAST BILL, 2006 11
  • 12. ISSUES OF CONVERGED B’CASTING ISSUES OF BROADCASTING IN THE CONVERGED ENVIRONMENT NOT AT ALL COVERED MOBILE TV + IP TV NOT COVERED BY THE PROPOSED BILL DRACONIAN POWERS Draconian powers granted to the Central Government to takeover the running and management of any channel, in the times of any national emergency No transparent basis or parameters spelt out , which need to be complied with, before the exercise of such a power 12
  • 13. DRACONIAN POWERS Potentiality of abuse immense A exploitative tool for the settling of political scores against not – so- comfortable news and other channels Against the root of Indian democracy and the principles enshrined in the Constitution of India STAKEHOLDERS INPUTS NEED TO INCORPORATE ALL THE INPUTS OF ALL RELEVANT STAKEHOLDERS WE NEED TO SHAPE THE FUTUE TOMORROW 13
  • 14. THAT WAS A PRESENTATION -BY PAVAN DUGGAL, ADVOCATE, SUPREME COURT OF INDIA PRESIDENT, CYBERLAWS.NET MEMBER, MAC, ICANN pduggal@nde.vsnl.net.in pavanduggal@hotmail.com 14