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Detergent formulation


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All detergent formulations are engineered with one common purpose: To remove dirt from a surface -- whether it be clothing, tiles, dishes, glass, upholstery, floors, carpet or stainless steel. Because there is such a huge variety of different soils and different surfaces, there is also a huge variety of detergent formulations which can be manufactured. Detergent formulation requires the use of two components: Surfactants and builders.

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Detergent formulation

  1. 1. Detergent Formulation/Surfactant1. SurfactantsSurfactants may be liquid or powdered, comprising organic molecules. Surfactants are "surface activeagents". They lower the surface tension of a liquid. What this means is that when added to water theybetter able to penetrate through to surfaces and surround soil particles for enhanced cleaning. Surfactantsalso reduce the interfacial tension between two liquids - whereas oil will usually float on water, theaddition of a small amount of surfactant will allow the water and oil to "mix".2. BuildersBuilders are inorganic such as silicates, phosphates and carbonates. Builders perform many functionswithin a detergent formulation. Builders act as water softeners, They also act as an alkaline buffer against acidic soils and help maintain the pH balance of the detergent, Builders help break down and disperse larger clumps of soil, They increase the negative charge on soil particles which helps stop soils re-bind together and redeposit themselves onto the cleaned surface, Builders keep soil particles in suspension which aids rinsing.It is the combination of surfactants and builders which forms the basis of detergent formulation. Whatelse influences how detergents are compounded? There are three additional factors which determine theeffectiveness of a detergent formulation.1. Agitation2. Heat3. TimeMaximum cleaning effectiveness of most detergents is achieved when the above three factors areemployed. If one factor is missing, the detergent formulation must compensate for this. For instance, thisis the reason for the difference between hand dishwashing liquid and machine dishwasher detergent. Amachine dishwasher uses more agitation and more time than would be used in hand dishwashing - hencethe need for two completely different detergent formulas. If you have ever tried using hand dish liquid ina dishwashing machine, you will know the outcome -- all that extra agitation of the machine will producean enormous foam-filled dishwasher.While a little knowledge of the basic principles of formulating detergents will help you understand theprocesses involved, you dont need to be a chemistry graduate in order to start a business in this industry.It is easy to follow professionally formulated compounds and start a highly profitable venturemanufacturing cleaning products, without any previous experience in this industry.For More Info: