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Dimensions of culture

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Dimensions of culture

  1. 1. Dimensions of culture
  2. 5. United States Japan Arab Countries Table 4-1Priorities of Cultural Values: United States, Japan, and Arab Countries <ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Self-reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Directness </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Group harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Collectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Age/seniority </li></ul><ul><li>Group consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Indirectness </li></ul><ul><li>Go-between </li></ul><ul><li>Family security </li></ul><ul><li>Family harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Parental guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Devotion </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Indirectness </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitality </li></ul>Note: “1” represents the most important cultural value, “10” the least. Adapted from Table 4-1: Priorities of Cultural Values: United States, Japan, and Arab Countries
  3. 6. Adapted from Figure 4–3: Stereotyping from the Cultural Extremes French culture U.S. culture How the Americans see the French: <ul><li>arrogant </li></ul><ul><li>flamboyant </li></ul><ul><li>hierarchical </li></ul><ul><li>emotional </li></ul>How the French see the Americans: <ul><li>naïve </li></ul><ul><li>aggressive </li></ul><ul><li>unprincipled </li></ul><ul><li>workaholic </li></ul>
  4. 7. Adapted from Figure 4–2: Comparing Cultures as Overlapping Normal Distributions French culture U.S. culture

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