• 1. Define Curriculum.
• 2. Describe the Curriculum Development
• 3.Discuss the Importance of Curriculum
• 4. Lead Teachers in Curriculum Implementation.
• 5. Guide Teachers in Preparing an Enrichment
• Curriculum – is basically what
students are expected to
learn in the classroom and
how the lesson are taught. it
refers to all educational
experiences that students go
through, for which the school
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MODEL
• 1. THE RALPH TYLER MODEL- It’s the most widely
used model because of its simplicity and clarity. It begins
with the identification of a tentative list of educational
objectives based on stakeholders input.
• TYLER MODEL PRINCIPLES
• 1. Determining Learning Objectives
• 2. Selecting and Creating Appropriate Learning
• 3. Organizing Learning Experiences.
• 4. Evaluating the Curriculum.
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MODEL
• 2. The Kellough and kellough Model- This model
provides additional screens to those identified by
• - Educational Philosophy
• - Effects of Group Outside the Classroom.
• -Assessment Procedures.
• - Mechanism for Revision,
• Curriculum Implementation- Refers to
the actual use of the curriculum or
syllabus. The adoption of the
curriculum refers to ones intention to
use the curriculum, be it school heads
or a teacher, but adoption does not
indicate whether the curriculum is
implemented or not.
CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION PERSPECTIVE
• Three Perspective in Curriculum
• 1. Technical Perspective
• 2. Political Perspective
• 3. Cultural Perspective
• CORE CURRICULUM
- Refers to the essential guide that teachers
use to determine the subjects to be taught
and how to teach these subjects.
- Also known as the Mastery Curriculum
- Refers to the knowledge and skills that the
students need to develop as part of a
standardized learning plan.
• CURRICULUM ENRICHMENT
– A plan
– It provides excitement and restores fun in the curriculum.
– Extends the mastery curriculum by providing a series of planned
activities to reinforce the latter’s content.
– Really about “enriching the learning environment. Learning
experience and teaching approaches. (Renzulli and Ries)
• -the learning that goes beyond what is prescribed by the
PRINCIPLES OF CURRICULUM ENRICHMENT
• Each learner is Unique
• Learning is more effective when students enjoy
what they are doing.
• Learning is more meaningful and enjoyable
when content and process are learned in the
context of a real and present problems.
• The acquisition of knowledge and skills are
enhanced when students construct their own
meaning through knowledge and skills
TYPE OF ENRICHMENT
• TYPE 1 ENRICHMENT
– -Extend the regular curriculum by providing students a wide
range of experiences and regular activities in order to introduce
a variety of exciting areas of interest.
TYPE 2 ENRICHMENT
- Covers the activities designed for specific students who are
interested to develop skills that are beyond what the regular
curriculum and type 1 enrichment could offer.
TYPE 3 ENRICHMENT
- most suitable for gifted and talented students.
- Students investigate real problems as individuals or small groups.
They become producers of knowledge rather than consumers,
actively formulating a problem, designing research and presenting a