Biourbanism Manifesto. By Antonio Caperna

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Biourbanism focuses on the urban organism, considering it as a hypercomplex system, according to its internal and external dynamics and their mutual interactions.
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Biourbanism Manifesto. By Antonio Caperna

  1. 1. International Society of Biourbanism info@biourbanism.org   www.biourbanism.org BiourbanismAntonio Caperna, Alessia Cerqua, Alessandro Giuliani, Nikos A. Salingaros, Stefano SerafiniBiourbanism focuses on the urban organism, considering it as a hypercomplex system,according to its internal and external dynamics and their mutual interactions.The urban body is composed of several interconnected layers of dynamic structure, allinfluencing each other in a non-linear manner. This interaction results in emergentproperties, which are not predictable except through a dynamical analysis of the connectedwhole. This approach therefore links Biourbanism to the Life Sciences, and to IntegratedSystems Sciences like Statistical Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Operations Research, andEcology in an essential manner. The similarity of approaches lies not only in the commonmethodology, but also in the content of the results (hence the prefix “Bio”), because the cityrepresents the living environment of the human species. Biourbanism recognizes “optimalforms” defined at different scales (from the purely physiological up to the ecological levels)which, through morphogenetic processes, guarantee an optimum of systemic efficiency andfor the quality of life of the inhabitants. A design that does not follow these laws producesanti-natural, hostile environments, which do not fit into an individual’s evolution, and thusfail to enhance life in any way.Biourbanism acts in the real world by applying a participative and helping methodology. Itverifies results inter-subjectively (as people express their physical and emotional wellbeingthrough feedback) as well as objectively (via experimental measures of physiological,social, and economic reactions).The aim of Biourbanism is to make a scientific contribution towards: (i) the developmentand implementation of the premises of Deep Ecology (Bateson) on social-environmentalgrounds; (ii) the identification and actualization of environmental enhancement according tothe natural needs of human beings and the ecosystem in which they live; (iii) managing thetransition of the fossil fuel economy towards a new organizational model of civilization; and(iv) deepening the organic interaction between cultural and physical factors in urban reality(as, for example, the geometry of social action, fluxes and networks study, etc.).
  2. 2. International Society of Biourbanism info@biourbanism.org   www.biourbanism.org References Nikos  Salingaros,  Twelve  Lectures  on  Architecture.  Algorithmic  Sustainable  Design,  Solingen:  Umbau  Verlag, 2010.   Nikos Salingaros, Antonio Caperna, Michael Mehaffy, Geeta Mehta, Federico Mena‐¬Quintero, Agatino  Rizzo, Stefano Serafini, Emanuele Strano, «A Definition of P2P (Peer‐To‐Peer) Urbanism», AboutUsWiki,  the P2P Foundation, DorfWiki, Peer to Peer Urbanism (September 2010). Presented by Nikos Salingaros  at the International Commons Conference, Heinrich Böll Foundation, Berlin, 1st November 2010.   Milena De Matteis, Stefano Serafini (eds.), Progettare la città a misura d’uomo. L’alternativa ecologica  del Gruppo Salìngaros: una città più bella e più giusta, Rome: SIBU, 2010.   Joseph  P.  Zbilut,  Alessandro  Giuliani,  Simplicity.  The  Latent  Order  of  Complexity,  New  York:  Nova  Science Publishers, 2007.   Christopher Alexander, The Nature of Order, 4 vol., Berkeley, CA: Center for Environmental Structure,  2002‐2005.   Grant Hildebrand, Origins of architectural pleasure, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999.   Stephen R. Kellert, Edward O. Wilson (eds.), The Biophilia Hypotesis, Washington: Island Press, 1993.   René Thom, Esquisse d’une Sémiophysique, Paris: InterEditions, 1991.   Antonio  Lima‐de‐Faria,  Evolution  without  Selection.  Form  and  Function  by  Autoevolution,  London  –  New York – Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1988.   Gregory Bateson, Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity (Advances in Systems Theory, Complexity, and  the Human Sciences), Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1979.  Conrad H. Waddington, Tools for Thought, London: Jonathan Cape Ltd., 1977.   Edgar Morin, La Méthode: La Nature de la Nature, Paris: Seuil, 1977.  Ludwig von Bertalanffy, General System Theory, New York: George Braziller, 1968. 

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