WHAT IS POWER SHARING ???
Power sharing is a term used to describe a
system of governance in which all major
segments of society are provided a permanent
share of power.
This system is often contrasted with government
vs. opposition systems in which ruling coalitions
rotate among various social groups over time.
POWER SHARING AS IN BELGIUM AND ITS CAPITAL
Small country in
Europe, smaller in area
Borders with France,
of the population of
GERMAN FRENCH(Wallonia) DUTCH(Flemish)
Difference in the Ethnic composition of
the capital and the country
In the country the population of Dutch speaking people were more
as comparison to the Capital i.e. Brussels
But in Belgium French speaking people were less and in Brussels
French speaking were more.
This created tension among the society in the 1950s and 1960s
because minority French in the country were rich and powerful.
METHODS TO RESOIVE
The Belgium leaders recognized the regional diversities and
amended the constitution 4 times b/w 1970 and 1993 so that
everyone could live together.
In the Central govt. both the communities were given equal
Community govt. was formed in the state and the powers from the
Central govt. were give to the state. The state was not the
subordinate of the central.
All the communities accepted the constitution.
It helped to avoid civil strife.
POWER SHARING AS IN SRILANKA
An Island Nation
from the southern
coast of Tamil Nadu
Size same as
Population – 2crore
ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF SRILANKA
SINAHALESE[74%] OTHERS[8%] TAMILS[18%]
HINDU MUSLIM CHRISTIAN
(Natives of Srilanka)
MAJORITARIANISM IN SRILANKA
Srilanka emerged as an
independent country in 1948
Sinhala leaders dominated govt. by
virtue of their majority.
•Sinhala was recognized as official language.
•Preferential policies were given to Sinhala who applied for university
positions and jobs.
They took majoritarian measures
to establish Sinhala supremacy.
All these govt. measures gradually
increased the feeling of alienation
among srilankan Tamil.
CIVIL WAR IN SRILANKA
The Srilankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for equality.
They demanded for the recognition of Tamil as an official
language, opportunity in securing education and jobs.
They also demanded for an independent Tamil Eelam.
These demands were rejected and soon a CIVIL WAR broke