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Power sharing

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Power sharing

  1. 1. WHAT IS POWER SHARING ???  Power sharing is a term used to describe a system of governance in which all major segments of society are provided a permanent share of power.  This system is often contrasted with government vs. opposition systems in which ruling coalitions rotate among various social groups over time.
  2. 2. POWER SHARING AS IN BELGIUM AND ITS CAPITAL BRUSSELS Small country in Europe, smaller in area than Haryana. Borders with France, Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg. Population-1crore, half of the population of Haryana
  3. 3. ETHINIC COMPOSITION 1% 59% 40% BELGIUM GERMAN FRENCH(Wallonia) DUTCH(Flemish) BRUSSELS 80% 20% FRENCH DUTCH
  4. 4. Difference in the Ethnic composition of the capital and the country In the country the population of Dutch speaking people were more as comparison to the Capital i.e. Brussels But in Belgium French speaking people were less and in Brussels French speaking were more. This created tension among the society in the 1950s and 1960s because minority French in the country were rich and powerful.
  5. 5. METHODS TO RESOIVE CONFLICTS/ACCOMODATION  The Belgium leaders recognized the regional diversities and amended the constitution 4 times b/w 1970 and 1993 so that everyone could live together.  In the Central govt. both the communities were given equal representation.  Community govt. was formed in the state and the powers from the Central govt. were give to the state. The state was not the subordinate of the central.  All the communities accepted the constitution.  It helped to avoid civil strife.
  6. 6. POWER SHARING AS IN SRILANKA An Island Nation Few kilometers from the southern coast of Tamil Nadu Size same as Haryana Population – 2crore
  7. 7. ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF SRILANKA SRILANKA ETHNIC COMPOSTION SINAHALESE[74%] OTHERS[8%] TAMILS[18%] HINDU MUSLIM CHRISTIAN INDIAN TAMIL[5%] (Migrated from India) SRILANKAN TAMIL[13%] (Natives of Srilanka)
  8. 8. MAJORITARIANISM IN SRILANKA Srilanka emerged as an independent country in 1948 Sinhala leaders dominated govt. by virtue of their majority. •Sinhala was recognized as official language. •Preferential policies were given to Sinhala who applied for university positions and jobs. They took majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala supremacy. All these govt. measures gradually increased the feeling of alienation among srilankan Tamil.
  9. 9. CIVIL WAR IN SRILANKA The Srilankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for equality. They demanded for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, opportunity in securing education and jobs. They also demanded for an independent Tamil Eelam. These demands were rejected and soon a CIVIL WAR broke out.
  10. 10. WHY POWER SHARING IS DESIRABLE??
  11. 11. FORMS OF POWER SHARING Among different organs of government Among different levels of government Among different social groups Among political parties, pressure group and movements
  12. 12. THE END

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