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The History of ANPAS
The Birth of the Public Assistance Groups in Italy  Ideals from the 19° Century Italian “Risorgimento”
Roots… Mutual Aid Societies <ul><li>Small social groups in the Sabaudi area (Albertine Statute in 1848) spread  </li></ul>...
Livorno, at the end of the 1800s.  Volunteer wearing a protection device against Cholera.
The first “Pubbliche Assistenze” in Tuscany & Liguria Why did the P.A.’s have different names?   Because, typically, their...
 
La Croce Verde   Would have surely been composed of an administration and volunteers that had republican, socialist, and a...
La Croce Bianca Probably composed of conservatives and monarchists
La Croce D’Oro   The emerging middle class Characterized by new specialized professions (notaries, lawyers, and doctors)
La Croce Turchina   No longer indicative of this today,  but was once linked to farmers.
Fratellanza Popolare   Typically composed of artisans.
Fratellanza Militare Today these are only found in Florence, but originally they would have been war veterans from the “Ri...
The “Pubbliche Assistenze”  Into the 20° Century  <ul><li>The newly unified Italy  </li></ul><ul><li>Called for providing ...
The “Pubbliche Assistenze”… <ul><li>Democratic and secular from the start </li></ul><ul><li>Shared ideals: solidarity e br...
Fields of Action <ul><li>Emergency medical response </li></ul><ul><li>Help for the disadvantaged </li></ul><ul><li>Disaste...
Croce Verde APM di Milano: Hospital Wagon
The “Pubbliche Assistenze” <ul><li>Rapid growth with subsequent need for national coordination </li></ul><ul><li>1904: at ...
The “Federazione Nazionale delle Società di Pubblica Assistenza e Pubblico Soccorso”  was recognized as an  “Organization ...
The history of the “Pubbliche Assistenze” is strongly connected to political, social, and cultural changes in Italy and pl...
Beginnings of the 20° Century The “Pubbliche Assistenze” face: <ul><li>The fight against tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
World War I <ul><li>Growth of the “pubbliche assistenze” halts: </li></ul><ul><li>Men are called to the front lines </li><...
Early 1900s: Piombino (LI), group of “Pubblica Assistenza” volunteers
The Fascist 20s <ul><li>The post-war withdrawl had not even finished when the fascist regime dealt a hard blow to the “pub...
The 30s in Genova, motorcycle with sidecar, P.A. Croce Bianca Genovese
The Fascist 20s <ul><li>Only about 30 associations that had obtained recognition by the IPAB (Public Institute for Assista...
After the II World War <ul><li>While the country was recovering from the war, the “Pubbliche Assistenze” were also re-orga...
The 50s: Piombino. A group of P.A. volunteers posed on their motorcycles.
The following years… <ul><li>The growth of the movement was slow but constant as society was starting over again. </li></u...
1961: Volonteers from the P.A. SVS di Livorno during a rally in Sarzana
Croce Verde in Lucca
Croce Gialla in Ancona
During these years the “Pubbliche Assistenze” were defining themselves as authorative actors confronting  political and so...
In 1987 at the Lerici Congress A.N.P.AS. Associazione Nazionale Pubbliche Assistenze was born <ul><li>The name change was ...
 
ANPAS Today One of the main actors of the Third Sector: <ul><li>869 “Pubbliche assistenze”  (member associations) </li></u...
2000: Firenze, First national solidarity meeting
ANPAS Today…  in addition to the historic sectors of emergency medical response,  we work in these areas: <ul><li>Disaster...
Croce Blu – Gromo (BG)
Croce Blu – Gromo (BG)
Since 1981 ANPAS has been a recognized organization for placement of conscientious objectors and community volunteers  (se...
<ul><li>At first, with 3,000 conscientious objectors serving in the “Pubbliche Assistenze” </li></ul><ul><li>Then as a 1st...
1996: Rome, national ANPAS demonstration for conscientious objectors and “servizio civile”
The “Pubbliche Assistenze” movement strongly supports non-violent and unarmed civil defense:
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Active Citizenship </li></ul>
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Constructive encounters with people from all walks of life (vol...
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Interaction and collaboration with various institutions (Health...
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Networking with other organizations </li></ul>
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Fundamental human rights advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>(especially...
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Daily experimentation in  </li></ul><ul><li>the rules of democr...
The “Pubbliche assistenze”  provide experience in: <ul><li>Environmental protection  </li></ul><ul><li>and disaster relief...
In 2004 ANPAS celebrated 100 years of  solidarity
An important opportunity for reflection… <ul><li>In 2007 ANPAS published its first “Bilancio Sociale” (qualitative social ...
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Anpas history

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The Pubbliche Assistenze, Italian Associations that provided assistance to the general public, began to form in 1860. Inspired by solidaristic ideals and acting on the belief that people should help one another as brothers and sisters, they were free, secular and democratic associations of volunteers open to anyone’s participation.

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Anpas history

  1. 1. The History of ANPAS
  2. 2. The Birth of the Public Assistance Groups in Italy Ideals from the 19° Century Italian “Risorgimento”
  3. 3. Roots… Mutual Aid Societies <ul><li>Small social groups in the Sabaudi area (Albertine Statute in 1848) spread </li></ul><ul><li>across the peninsula following the national unification </li></ul><ul><li>A form of mutual assistance between salaried workers and wage earners to help each other in times of sickness, injury, and death, these groups also worked to help their members when they were out of work. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Livorno, at the end of the 1800s. Volunteer wearing a protection device against Cholera.
  5. 5. The first “Pubbliche Assistenze” in Tuscany & Liguria Why did the P.A.’s have different names? Because, typically, their statutes were written separately and promoted different ideals according to their specific social, economic, and political realities
  6. 7. La Croce Verde Would have surely been composed of an administration and volunteers that had republican, socialist, and anarchist ideologies
  7. 8. La Croce Bianca Probably composed of conservatives and monarchists
  8. 9. La Croce D’Oro The emerging middle class Characterized by new specialized professions (notaries, lawyers, and doctors)
  9. 10. La Croce Turchina No longer indicative of this today, but was once linked to farmers.
  10. 11. Fratellanza Popolare Typically composed of artisans.
  11. 12. Fratellanza Militare Today these are only found in Florence, but originally they would have been war veterans from the “Risorgimento”
  12. 13. The “Pubbliche Assistenze” Into the 20° Century <ul><li>The newly unified Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Called for providing coverage in health and welfare areas not yet covered by the State </li></ul>
  13. 14. The “Pubbliche Assistenze”… <ul><li>Democratic and secular from the start </li></ul><ul><li>Shared ideals: solidarity e brotherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Open to all for membership (including women, at a time when often women were excluded from social participation) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Fields of Action <ul><li>Emergency medical response </li></ul><ul><li>Help for the disadvantaged </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster relief </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting civil society education as well as health education </li></ul>
  15. 16. Croce Verde APM di Milano: Hospital Wagon
  16. 17. The “Pubbliche Assistenze” <ul><li>Rapid growth with subsequent need for national coordination </li></ul><ul><li>1904: at Spoleto, The “Federazione Nazionale delle Società di Pubblica Assistenza e Pubblico Soccorso” was founded </li></ul>
  17. 18. The “Federazione Nazionale delle Società di Pubblica Assistenza e Pubblico Soccorso” was recognized as an “Organization Devoted to Public Good” by a King’s Decree in 1911
  18. 19. The history of the “Pubbliche Assistenze” is strongly connected to political, social, and cultural changes in Italy and played a role in promoting reforms
  19. 20. Beginnings of the 20° Century The “Pubbliche Assistenze” face: <ul><li>The fight against tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal defense (birth of the first milk banks) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Night time nurseries” </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene schools </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency medical response (including urban, rural and cyclist squads) </li></ul>
  20. 21. World War I <ul><li>Growth of the “pubbliche assistenze” halts: </li></ul><ul><li>Men are called to the front lines </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to their great esperience, P.A. volunteers become indispensable as military surgeons and care providers </li></ul><ul><li>Their peacetime experiences carried over into their military calling </li></ul>
  21. 22. Early 1900s: Piombino (LI), group of “Pubblica Assistenza” volunteers
  22. 23. The Fascist 20s <ul><li>The post-war withdrawl had not even finished when the fascist regime dealt a hard blow to the “pubblica assistenza” associations </li></ul><ul><li>In 1930 the regime dissolved nearly all the associations and transferred their assets and functions to the “Croce Rossa Italiana” (Italian Red Cross) </li></ul>
  23. 24. The 30s in Genova, motorcycle with sidecar, P.A. Croce Bianca Genovese
  24. 25. The Fascist 20s <ul><li>Only about 30 associations that had obtained recognition by the IPAB (Public Institute for Assistance and Charity) remained and they were placed under the watch of their local prefects and gradually became militarized </li></ul>
  25. 26. After the II World War <ul><li>While the country was recovering from the war, the “Pubbliche Assistenze” were also re-organizing. During this period they reconstituted the “Federazione Nazionale” and took to recovering the assets that had been re-appropriated by the fascists. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1946, the Association’s 1st Congress after the Liberation was held in Milan and gave way to a new path for P.A. </li></ul>
  26. 27. The 50s: Piombino. A group of P.A. volunteers posed on their motorcycles.
  27. 28. The following years… <ul><li>The growth of the movement was slow but constant as society was starting over again. </li></ul><ul><li>An internal debate formed inside the movement. </li></ul>
  28. 29. 1961: Volonteers from the P.A. SVS di Livorno during a rally in Sarzana
  29. 30. Croce Verde in Lucca
  30. 31. Croce Gialla in Ancona
  31. 32. During these years the “Pubbliche Assistenze” were defining themselves as authorative actors confronting political and social forces. <ul><li>The culmination of the renewing process was in 1978 at the Congress of Sarzana </li></ul>
  32. 33. In 1987 at the Lerici Congress A.N.P.AS. Associazione Nazionale Pubbliche Assistenze was born <ul><li>The name change was meant to convey an evolution towards the idea of a unitary movement of volunteers. </li></ul>
  33. 35. ANPAS Today One of the main actors of the Third Sector: <ul><li>869 “Pubbliche assistenze” (member associations) </li></ul><ul><li>222 “Sections” </li></ul><ul><li>Present in 19 of the 20 Italian regions </li></ul><ul><li>16 Regional Chapters </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 members </li></ul><ul><li>6,000 vehicles (ambulances, disaster relief vehicles, special vehicles for the elderly and disabled) </li></ul>
  34. 36. 2000: Firenze, First national solidarity meeting
  35. 37. ANPAS Today… in addition to the historic sectors of emergency medical response, we work in these areas: <ul><li>Disaster relief </li></ul><ul><li>Social activities </li></ul><ul><li>International solidarity and development projects </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-country Adoptions (Armenia, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, The Gambia, Kenya, Mauritius, Nepal, Dominican Republic, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Guatemala, Mali and Venezuela) </li></ul>
  36. 38. Croce Blu – Gromo (BG)
  37. 39. Croce Blu – Gromo (BG)
  38. 40. Since 1981 ANPAS has been a recognized organization for placement of conscientious objectors and community volunteers (servizio civile nazionale)
  39. 41. <ul><li>At first, with 3,000 conscientious objectors serving in the “Pubbliche Assistenze” </li></ul><ul><li>Then as a 1st class accredited organization for “Servizio Civile Nazionale” </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009 around 1,000 people participated in projects in more than 700 locations </li></ul>
  40. 42. 1996: Rome, national ANPAS demonstration for conscientious objectors and “servizio civile”
  41. 43. The “Pubbliche Assistenze” movement strongly supports non-violent and unarmed civil defense:
  42. 44. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Active Citizenship </li></ul>
  43. 45. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Constructive encounters with people from all walks of life (volunteers). People that have different ages, social views, cultures, ethnic backgrounds, religions, and political ideas. </li></ul>
  44. 46. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Interaction and collaboration with various institutions (Health services, Townships, “Comunità montana”, Provinces, etc.) </li></ul>
  45. 47. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Networking with other organizations </li></ul>
  46. 48. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Fundamental human rights advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>(especially health rights) </li></ul>
  47. 49. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Daily experimentation in </li></ul><ul><li>the rules of democratic living </li></ul>
  48. 50. The “Pubbliche assistenze” provide experience in: <ul><li>Environmental protection </li></ul><ul><li>and disaster relief </li></ul>
  49. 51. In 2004 ANPAS celebrated 100 years of solidarity
  50. 52. An important opportunity for reflection… <ul><li>In 2007 ANPAS published its first “Bilancio Sociale” (qualitative social report) </li></ul><ul><li>It identifies our values and goals and relates our history. </li></ul><ul><li>Our “Bilancio Sociale” is the natural continuation of research developed during the 100 year anniversary. </li></ul>

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